Colorectal surgery

Definition

Colorectal surgery is the use of surgical procedures for the diagnosis and/or treatment of disorders and abnormalities of the anus, rectum and colon. These disorders can include cancer, faecal incontinence and haemorrhoids.

Latest Research and Reviews

  • Reviews |

    Various technologies and systems have been developed to improve adenoma detection rate during colonoscopy and thereby reduce colorectal cancer incidence. Here, Matsuda and colleagues discuss how add-on devices, colonoscope advances and image-enhanced endoscopy might assist in the detection of polyps and adenomas.

    • Takahisa Matsuda
    • , Akiko Ono
    • , Masau Sekiguchi
    • , Takahiro Fujii
    •  & Yutaka Saito
  • Reviews |

    Gastrointestinal surgery induces physiological stress and can include major reconstruction of the gastrointestinal tract, which can have profound effects on resident gut microbiota. Here, Guyton and Alverdy describe how the gut microbiota influence recovery after gastrointestinal surgery, including complications such as infection and anastomotic leak.

    • Kristina Guyton
    •  & John C. Alverdy
  • Reviews |

    Unwarranted variations, which cannot be attributed to patients' underlying illnesses or comorbidities, medical needs, or the dictates of evidence-based medicine, can account for substantial variations in patient outcomes. In this Perspectives, the authors describe possible approaches intended to address these variations in the context of colorectal cancer care.

    • Muralee Menon
    • , Chris Cunningham
    •  & David Kerr
  • Reviews |

    Most colorectal polyps can now be resected endoscopically using either mucosal resection or submucosal dissection. Although the former is an established technique, the latter has seen slow adoption in the West. In this Review, the authors summarize the indications for both procedures and discuss new advances in endoscopic polyp surgery.

    • Brian P. Saunders
    •  & Zacharias P. Tsiamoulos
  • Reviews |

    Colorectal cancer is a common cancer globally; its increased incidence over the past 60 years is associated with red meat consumption, smoking, alcohol intake and an ageing population. Here, Kuipers et al. describe the biology and treatment of colorectal cancers, and discuss the impact that screening will have on outcomes.

    • Ernst J. Kuipers
    • , William M. Grady
    • , David Lieberman
    • , Thomas Seufferlein
    • , Joseph J. Sung
    • , Petra G. Boelens
    • , Cornelis J. H. van de Velde
    •  & Toshiaki Watanabe

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