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A cell therapy is a medicinal product containing cells, and is typically injected into a patient. Examples include bone marrow transplants (also known as haematopoietic stem cell transplantation) and mesenchymal stem cell therapies.
The ESC has updated its 2006 consensus statement on clinical investigation of autologous adult stem cells for the treatment of acute myocardial infarction and heart failure. This initiative by a group of leaders in the field stimulates much-needed reflection and provides guidance to make cell therapy a clinical reality. Here, we offer our own perspective.