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Sustainable strategies for nitrile synthesis are needed. Here, the authors report an environmentally benign, selective heterogeneous catalyst for the synthesis of nitriles by the oxidative cyanation of carbon and hydrogen (C-H) bonds, which comprises nanoscale manganese oxide catalysts fixed inside a zeolite crystal.
Plant and animal tissues have evolved to contain hierarchical networks of pores that maximize mass transfer and exchange. Here the authors fabricate bio-inspired materials with multi-scale macro–meso–micropores and show their enhanced performances as photocatalysts, gas sensors and Li-ion battery electrodes.
Selective conversion of C–H bonds into C–N bonds to form N-heterocycles would streamline the synthesis of these important structural motifs. Now, an iron(II) catalyst has been developed that can transform alkyl azides into cyclic secondary amines by controlling the iron imido intermediate to react only with the nearby aliphatic C–H bond.
Oxide materials typically used as supports for the active metal nanoparticles of heterogeneous catalysts are known to influence catalytic activity through strong metal–support interactions. Researchers have now revealed electronic interactions between platinum and ceria that go well beyond known effects and lead to excellent catalytic activity.
Olefin metathesis is a flexible and efficient method for making carbon–carbon bonds and has found widespread application in academia and industry. Now, a detailed mechanistic study looking at key catalytic intermediates offers new insight into this reaction, and may prove useful in the development of more active and selective catalysts.