Biotechnology

Definition

Biotechnology is a broad discipline in which biological processes, organisms, cells or cellular components are exploited to develop new technologies. New tools and products developed by biotechnologists are useful in research, agriculture, industry and the clinic.

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Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research |

    The development of selective ubiquitin-specific protease-7 (USP7) inhibitors GNE-6640 and GNE-6776, which induce tumour cell death and reveal differential kinetics of Lys-48 and Lys-63-linked ubiquitin chain depolymerization by USP7.

    • Lorna Kategaya
    • , Paola Di Lello
    • , Lionel Rougé
    • , Richard Pastor
    • , Kevin R. Clark
    • , Jason Drummond
    • , Tracy Kleinheinz
    • , Eva Lin
    • , John-Paul Upton
    • , Sumit Prakash
    • , Johanna Heideker
    • , Mark McCleland
    • , Maria Stella Ritorto
    • , Dario R. Alessi
    • , Matthias Trost
    • , Travis W. Bainbridge
    • , Michael C. M. Kwok
    • , Taylur P. Ma
    • , Zachary Stiffler
    • , Bradley Brasher
    • , Yinyan Tang
    • , Priyadarshini Jaishankar
    • , Brian R. Hearn
    • , Adam R. Renslo
    • , Michelle R. Arkin
    • , Frederick Cohen
    • , Kebing Yu
    • , Frank Peale
    • , Florian Gnad
    • , Matthew T. Chang
    • , Christiaan Klijn
    • , Elizabeth Blackwood
    • , Scott E. Martin
    • , William F. Forrest
    • , James A. Ernst
    • , Chudi Ndubaku
    • , Xiaojing Wang
    • , Maureen H. Beresini
    • , Vickie Tsui
    • , Carsten Schwerdtfeger
    • , Robert A. Blake
    • , Jeremy Murray
    • , Till Maurer
    •  & Ingrid E. Wertz
  • Research | | open

    The structural basis of RNA-based gene control offers the possibility of de novo design. Here the authors present a computational design approach for Small Transcription Activating RNAs a bacterial RNA regulator that allows for versatile and dynamic control of genes, pathways and genetic circuits.

    • James Chappell
    • , Alexandra Westbrook
    • , Matthew Verosloff
    •  & Julius B. Lucks
  • Research | | open

    A map of the activities of all genomic regulatory elements across cell types and conditions would be a tremendous resource. The computational method introduced here predicts genome-wide accessible sites from gene expression data and allows the authors to build a database of regulatory element activities using publicly available transcriptome data.

    • Weiqiang Zhou
    • , Ben Sherwood
    • , Zhicheng Ji
    • , Yingchao Xue
    • , Fang Du
    • , Jiawei Bai
    • , Mingyao Ying
    •  & Hongkai Ji
  • Research | | open

    DNA nanostructures can cage enzymes but currently fall short of controlling their reactions with substrates. Here, the authors enclose an enzyme inside a dynamic DNA vault, which regulates its access to substrate molecules—and thus its enzymatic activity—through a multi-lock mechanism.

    • Guido Grossi
    • , Mette Dalgaard Ebbesen Jepsen
    • , Jørgen Kjems
    •  & Ebbe Sloth Andersen

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