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MepS is a peptidoglycan (PG) cross-link specific hydrolase needed for cell wall expansion and its cellular levels must be tightly regulated. Here the authors present the structure of the MepS degrading protease Prc bound to its adaptor NlpI and propose a model how the NlpI-Prc complex mediates MepS degradation.
Protein FtsZ plays key roles in cell division and is essential in most bacterial species; exceptions include streptomycetes, which grow from the cell tip and form branched hyphae. Here, Santos-Beneit et al. show that branching allows FtsZ-independent proliferation in Streptomyces venezuelae.
Protein-synthesizing bacterial and archaeal cells can now be visualized by an adaptation of the BONCAT method, and sorted from complex samples for sequencing. A demonstration on the uncultivated, slow-growing methane-oxidizing consortia shows the high potential of this new method.