Archaeology

Archaeology is the study of the artefacts and other physical evidence left by past societies of humans and closely related species. It uses scientific analysis of field samples to inform historical understanding.

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Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research | | open

    • Hirofumi Matsumura
    • , Hsiao-chun Hung
    • , Charles Higham
    • , Chi Zhang
    • , Mariko Yamagata
    • , Lan Cuong Nguyen
    • , Zhen Li
    • , Xue-chun Fan
    • , Truman Simanjuntak
    • , Adhi Agus Oktaviana
    • , Jia-ning He
    • , Chung-yu Chen
    • , Chien-kuo Pan
    • , Gang He
    • , Guo-ping Sun
    • , Wei-jin Huang
    • , Xin-wei Li
    • , Xing-tao Wei
    • , Kate Domett
    • , Siân Halcrow
    • , Kim Dung Nguyen
    • , Hoang Hiep Trinh
    • , Chi Hoang Bui
    • , Khanh Trung Kien Nguyen
    •  & Andreas Reinecke
  • Research | | open

    The Caucasus mountain range has impacted on the culture and genetics of the wider region. Here, the authors generate genome-wide SNP data for 45 Eneolithic and Bronze Age individuals across the Caucasus, and find distinct genetic clusters between mountain and steppe zones as well as occasional gene-flow.

    • Chuan-Chao Wang
    • , Sabine Reinhold
    • , Alexey Kalmykov
    • , Antje Wissgott
    • , Guido Brandt
    • , Choongwon Jeong
    • , Olivia Cheronet
    • , Matthew Ferry
    • , Eadaoin Harney
    • , Denise Keating
    • , Swapan Mallick
    • , Nadin Rohland
    • , Kristin Stewardson
    • , Anatoly R. Kantorovich
    • , Vladimir E. Maslov
    • , Vladimira G. Petrenko
    • , Vladimir R. Erlikh
    • , Biaslan Ch. Atabiev
    • , Rabadan G. Magomedov
    • , Philipp L. Kohl
    • , Kurt W. Alt
    • , Sandra L. Pichler
    • , Claudia Gerling
    • , Harald Meller
    • , Benik Vardanyan
    • , Larisa Yeganyan
    • , Alexey D. Rezepkin
    • , Dirk Mariaschk
    • , Natalia Berezina
    • , Julia Gresky
    • , Katharina Fuchs
    • , Corina Knipper
    • , Stephan Schiffels
    • , Elena Balanovska
    • , Oleg Balanovsky
    • , Iain Mathieson
    • , Thomas Higham
    • , Yakov B. Berezin
    • , Alexandra Buzhilova
    • , Viktor Trifonov
    • , Ron Pinhasi
    • , Andrej B. Belinskij
    • , David Reich
    • , Svend Hansen
    • , Johannes Krause
    •  & Wolfgang Haak
  • Research |

    Optical dating of sediments from Denisova Cave establishes a chronology for its Pleistocene deposits and the associated artefacts, hominin remains and environmental records, which date to between about 300,000 and 20,000 years ago.

    • Zenobia Jacobs
    • , Bo Li
    • , Michael V. Shunkov
    • , Maxim B. Kozlikin
    • , Nataliya S. Bolikhovskaya
    • , Alexander K. Agadjanian
    • , Vladimir A. Uliyanov
    • , Sergei K. Vasiliev
    • , Kieran O’Gorman
    • , Anatoly P. Derevianko
    •  & Richard G. Roberts
    Nature 565, 594-599
  • Research | | open

    The Salkhit skull from Mongolia was initially suggested to have archaic hominin characters. Here, Devièse and colleagues date the skull to approximately 34–35 thousand years ago and reconstruct its mitochondrial genome, finding that it falls within modern human haplogroup N found across Eurasia.

    • Thibaut Devièse
    • , Diyendo Massilani
    • , Seonbok Yi
    • , Daniel Comeskey
    • , Sarah Nagel
    • , Birgit Nickel
    • , Erika Ribechini
    • , Jungeun Lee
    • , Damdinsuren Tseveendorj
    • , Byambaa Gunchinsuren
    • , Matthias Meyer
    • , Svante Pääbo
    •  & Tom Higham
  • Research |

    Bayesian modelling of chronometric, stratigraphic and genetic data from Denisova Cave provides a chronological framework for understanding Neanderthal and Denisovan presence at the site, as well as interactions between these groups.

    • Katerina Douka
    • , Viviane Slon
    • , Zenobia Jacobs
    • , Christopher Bronk Ramsey
    • , Michael V. Shunkov
    • , Anatoly P. Derevianko
    • , Fabrizio Mafessoni
    • , Maxim B. Kozlikin
    • , Bo Li
    • , Rainer Grün
    • , Daniel Comeskey
    • , Thibaut Devièse
    • , Samantha Brown
    • , Bence Viola
    • , Leslie Kinsley
    • , Michael Buckley
    • , Matthias Meyer
    • , Richard G. Roberts
    • , Svante Pääbo
    • , Janet Kelso
    •  & Tom Higham
    Nature 565, 640-644

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