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In addition to canonical guide-dependent endonuclease activity, the Argonaute protein from the archaeon Methanocaldococcus jannaschii (MjAgo) is capable of guide-independent DNA cleavage, enabling MjAgo to process plasmids and genomic DNA.
Although not photosynthetic, some archaea possess RuBisCO, one of the enzymes characteristic of the photosynthetic Calvin-Benson cycle, but apparently lack another one, phosphoribulokinase (PRK). Here the authors describe a carbon metabolic pathway in methanogenic archaea, involving RuBisCO and PRK.
How archaeal viruses perturb host transcription machinery is poorly understood. Here, the authors provide evidence that the archaeo-viral transcription factor ORF145/RIP targets host RNA polymerase, repressing its activity.
3D tracking of quantum dots, cross-kymography and computational modelling reveals a left-hand corkscrew motion of the H. salinarum archaellum, with a right-handed helical structure and a motor efficiency of 6–10%.