Apoptosis is a mechanism of programmed cell death and is essential for development and homeostasis. Cell stress stimulates pro-apoptotic signalling pathways that activate caspase proteases and cause mitochondrial dysfunction. Apoptotic cells undergo characteristic changes in cell morphology, including cell rounding, plasma membrane blebbing and nuclear fragmentation.
Latest Research and Reviews
Research | | openScientific Reports 7, 1900
News and Comment
Research Highlights |