Agriculture

Agriculture is the cultivation of plants, animals, and some other organisms, such as fungi, for the production of food, fibre, fuel, and medicines used by society.

Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research |

    Since the early 1980s, remotely sensed data has shown the Earth to be slowly greening. Climate change, CO2 fertilization and land-use change are competing explanations. Using satellite data from 2000–2017, this study finds striking greening of both China and India, driven primarily by land-use change, with forest growth and cropland intensification more important in China and cropland more important in India.

    • Chi Chen
    • , Taejin Park
    • , Xuhui Wang
    • , Shilong Piao
    • , Baodong Xu
    • , Rajiv K. Chaturvedi
    • , Richard Fuchs
    • , Victor Brovkin
    • , Philippe Ciais
    • , Rasmus Fensholt
    • , Hans Tømmervik
    • , Govindasamy Bala
    • , Zaichun Zhu
    • , Ramakrishna R. Nemani
    •  & Ranga B. Myneni
  • Reviews |

    Effectively managing natural capital and its associated ecosystem services is difficult given that the effects of most actions depend on the wider environmental conditions. This Perspective presents an analytical framework that allows identifying why and where management actions can best enhance natural capital.

    • Rebecca Spake
    • , Chloe Bellamy
    • , Laura J. Graham
    • , Kevin Watts
    • , Tom Wilson
    • , Lisa R. Norton
    • , Claire M. Wood
    • , Reto Schmucki
    • , James M. Bullock
    •  & Felix Eigenbrod
  • Research | | open

    There has been a lack of multi-year landscape-scale studies on the effect of neonicotinoids on honeybee health. Here, Osterman et al. show that clothianidin exposure via seed-treated rapeseed has no negative impact on honeybee colony development, microbial pathogens/symbionts or immune gene expression.

    • Julia Osterman
    • , Dimitry Wintermantel
    • , Barbara Locke
    • , Ove Jonsson
    • , Emilia Semberg
    • , Piero Onorati
    • , Eva Forsgren
    • , Peter Rosenkranz
    • , Thorsten Rahbek-Pedersen
    • , Riccardo Bommarco
    • , Henrik G. Smith
    • , Maj Rundlöf
    •  & Joachim R. de Miranda
  • Research |

    In polyploid wheat, overexpression of abscisic acid receptor pyrabactin resistance 1-like 4 increases water-use efficiency just like in model plants, confirming the biotechnological potential of this strategy in crops.

    • Ryosuke Mega
    • , Fumitaka Abe
    • , June-Sik Kim
    • , Yuuri Tsuboi
    • , Keisuke Tanaka
    • , Hisato Kobayashi
    • , Yoichi Sakata
    • , Kousuke Hanada
    • , Hisashi Tsujimoto
    • , Jun Kikuchi
    • , Sean R. Cutler
    •  & Masanori Okamoto
    Nature Plants 5, 153-159
  • Research |

    A NutNet global grassland study finds that leaf N, P and K consistently respond to soil nutrient additions, but leaf morphological traits, such as specific leaf area, are inconsistent indicators of anthropogenic perturbations.

    • Jennifer Firn
    • , James M. McGree
    • , Eric Harvey
    • , Habacuc Flores-Moreno
    • , Martin Schütz
    • , Yvonne M. Buckley
    • , Elizabeth T. Borer
    • , Eric W. Seabloom
    • , Kimberly J. La Pierre
    • , Andrew M. MacDougall
    • , Suzanne M. Prober
    • , Carly J. Stevens
    • , Lauren L. Sullivan
    • , Erica Porter
    • , Emma Ladouceur
    • , Charlotte Allen
    • , Karine H. Moromizato
    • , John W. Morgan
    • , W. Stanley Harpole
    • , Yann Hautier
    • , Nico Eisenhauer
    • , Justin P. Wright
    • , Peter B. Adler
    • , Carlos Alberto Arnillas
    • , Jonathan D. Bakker
    • , Lori Biederman
    • , Arthur A. D. Broadbent
    • , Cynthia S. Brown
    • , Miguel N. Bugalho
    • , Maria C. Caldeira
    • , Elsa E. Cleland
    • , Anne Ebeling
    • , Philip A. Fay
    • , Nicole Hagenah
    • , Andrew R. Kleinhesselink
    • , Rachel Mitchell
    • , Joslin L. Moore
    • , Carla Nogueira
    • , Pablo Luis Peri
    • , Christiane Roscher
    • , Melinda D. Smith
    • , Peter D. Wragg
    •  & Anita C. Risch

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