TABLE OF CONTENTS

Volume 81, Issue 5 (May 2017)

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Editor’s Focus

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Special Article

Safety, dosing, and pharmaceutical quality for studies that evaluate medicinal products (including biological products) in neonates Open

Robert M. Ward, Daniel Benjamin, Jeffrey S. Barrett, Karel Allegaert, Ronald Portman, Jonathan M. Davis and Mark A. Turner ; the International Neonatal Consortium (INC)

Pediatr Res 81: 692-711; advance online publication, March 1, 2017; doi:10.1038/pr.2016.221

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Articles

Population Study

Relevance of C5b9 immunostaining in the diagnosis of neonatal hemochromatosis FREE

Estelle Dubruc, Béatrice Nadaud, Eduardo Ruchelli, Sophie Heissat, Julien Baruteau, Pierre Broué, Dominique Debray, Marie-Pierre Cordier, Pierre Miossec, Pierre Russo and Sophie Collardeau-Frachon

Pediatr Res 81: 712-721; advance online publication, March 1, 2017; doi:10.1038/pr.2017.8

Translational Investigation

The establishment of cow’s milk protein allergy in infants is related with a deficit of regulatory T cells (Treg) and vitamin D FREE

Laura Perezabad, Jacobo López-Abente, Elena Alonso-Lebrero, Elena Seoane, Marjorie Pion and Rafael Correa-Rocha

Pediatr Res 81: 722-730; advance online publication, March 29, 2017; doi:10.1038/pr.2017.12

25-hydroxyvitamin D correlates with inflammatory markers in cord blood of healthy newborns

Jenni Rosendahl, Elisa Holmlund-Suila, Otto Helve, Heli Viljakainen, Helena Hauta-alus, Saara Valkama, Maria Enlund-Cerullo, Timo Hytinantti, Taina Tervahartiala, Timo Sorsa, Outi Mäkitie and Sture Andersson

Pediatr Res 81: 731-735; advance online publication, March 15, 2017; doi:10.1038/pr.2017.9

Validity and intraobserver reliability of three-dimensional scanning compared with conventional anthropometry for children and adolescents from a population-based cohort study

Fabian Glock, Mandy Vogel, Stephanie Naumann, Andreas Kuehnapfel, Markus Scholz, Andreas Hiemisch, Toralf Kirsten, Kristin Rieger, Antje Koerner, Markus Loeffler and Wieland Kiess

Pediatr Res 81: 736-744; advance online publication, April 12, 2017; doi:10.1038/pr.2016.274

Clinical Investigation

Cord blood and child plasma adiponectin levels in relation to childhood obesity risk and fat distribution up to 5 y

Dorothy M. Meyer, Christina Brei, Lynne Stecher, Daniela Much, Stefanie Brunner and Hans Hauner

Pediatr Res 81: 745-751; advance online publication, February 15, 2017; doi:10.1038/pr.2016.275

Effects of infant formula supplemented with prebiotics compared with synbiotics on growth up to the age of 12 mo: a randomized controlled trial

Hania Szajewska, Marek Ruszczyński, Henryk Szymański, Iwona Sadowska-Krawczenko, Anna Piwowarczyk, Preben Bødstrup Rasmussen, Mette Bach Kristensen, Christina E. West and Olle Hernell

Pediatr Res 81: 752-758; advance online publication, March 1, 2017; doi:10.1038/pr.2017.5

Sex-specific associations between cerebrovascular blood pressure autoregulation and cardiopulmonary injury in neonatal encephalopathy and therapeutic hypothermia

Raul Chavez-Valdez, Matthew O’Connor, Jamie Perin, Michael Reyes, Jillian Armstrong, Charlamaine Parkinson, Maureen Gilmore, Jacky Jennings, Frances J. Northington and Jennifer K. Lee

Pediatr Res 81: 759-766; advance online publication, March 1, 2017; doi:10.1038/pr.2017.23

Growth after late-preterm birth and adult cognitive, academic, and mental health outcomes

Sara Sammallahti, Kati Heinonen, Sture Andersson, Marius Lahti, Sami Pirkola, Jari Lahti, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Aulikki Lano, Dieter Wolke, Johan G. Eriksson, Eero Kajantie and Katri Raikkonen

Pediatr Res 81: 767-774; advance online publication, March 29, 2017; doi:10.1038/pr.2016.276

Relationship between perfusion index and patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants

Enrique Gomez-Pomar, Majd Makhoul, Philip M. Westgate, Katrina T. Ibonia, Abhijit Patwardhan, Peter J. Giannone, Henrietta S Bada and Elie G. Abu Jawdeh

Pediatr Res 81: 775-779; advance online publication, March 29, 2017; doi:10.1038/pr.2017.10

Biomarkers of adiposity are elevated in preterm very-low-birth-weight infants at 1, 2, and 3 y of age

Andrea F. Duncan, Joshua A. Frankfurt, Roy J. Heyne and Charles R. Rosenfeld

Pediatr Res 81: 780-786; advance online publication, April 5, 2017; doi:10.1038/pr.2017.11

Former very preterm infants show alterations in plasma amino acid profiles at a preschool age

Anna Posod, Susanne Müller, Irena Odri Komazec, Daniel Dejaco, Ulrike Pupp Peglow, Elke Griesmaier, Sabine Scholl-Bürgi, Daniela Karall and Ursula Kiechl-Kohlendorfer

Pediatr Res 81: 787-794; advance online publication, March 22, 2017; doi:10.1038/pr.2017.24

Basic Science Investigation

Caffeine administration modulates TGF-β signaling but does not attenuate blunted alveolarization in a hyperoxia-based mouse model of bronchopulmonary dysplasia

Philipp Rath, Claudio Nardiello, David E. Surate Solaligue, Ronald Agius, Ivana Mižíková, Sebastian Hühn, Konstantin Mayer, István Vadász, Susanne Herold, Frank Runkel, Werner Seeger and Rory E. Morty

Pediatr Res 81: 795-805; advance online publication, March 29, 2017; doi:10.1038/pr.2017.21

Pentoxifylline inhibits TLR- and inflammasome-mediated in vitro inflammatory cytokine production in human blood with greater efficacy and potency in newborns

Esther M. Speer, David J. Dowling, Lukasz S. Ozog, Jianjin Xu, Jie Yang, Geetika Kennady and Ofer Levy

Pediatr Res 81: 806-816; advance online publication, March 22, 2017; doi:10.1038/pr.2017.6

Neonatal mice with necrotizing enterocolitis-like injury develop thrombocytopenia despite increased megakaryopoiesis

Kopperuncholan Namachivayam, Krishnan MohanKumar, Lalit Garg, Benjamin A. Torres and Akhil Maheshwari

Pediatr Res 81: 817-824; advance online publication, March 1, 2017; doi:10.1038/pr.2017.7

The association between weight, height, and head circumference reconsidered

Christiane Scheffler, Holle Greil and Michael Hermanussen

Pediatr Res 81: 825-830; advance online publication, March 1, 2017; doi:10.1038/pr.2017.3

Expression of X-linked Toll-like receptor 4 signaling genes in female vs. male neonates

David N. O’Driscoll, Chiara De Santi, Paul J. McKiernan, Victoria McEneaney, Eleanor J. Molloy and Catherine M. Greene

Pediatr Res 81: 831-837; advance online publication, March 1, 2017; doi:10.1038/pr.2017.2

Postnatal human enteric neuronal progenitors can migrate, differentiate, and proliferate in embryonic and postnatal aganglionic gut environments

Lily S. Cheng, Ryo Hotta, Hannah K. Graham, Jaime Belkind-Gerson, Nandor Nagy and Allan M. Goldstein

Pediatr Res 81: 838-846; advance online publication, March 1, 2017; doi:10.1038/pr.2017.4

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Erratum

ERRATUM: Medical morbidities and DNA methylation of NR3C1 in preterm infants FREE

Pediatr Res 81: 847; doi:10.1038/pr.2016.252