Nature Reviews Neuroscience 9, 957-964 (December 2008) | doi:10.1038/nrn2514

There is an Erratum (26 November 2008) associated with this article.

Article series: Memory systems

Science and societyBeyond polemics: science and ethics of ADHD

See also: Erratum associated with this article

Ilina Singh1  About the author


What is attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)? Why are so many children being diagnosed with ADHD and prescribed medication? Are stimulant drugs an effective and safe treatment strategy? This article explores the current state of scientific research into ADHD and the key social and ethical concerns that are emerging from the sharp rise in the number of diagnoses and the use of stimulant drug treatments in children. Collaborations among scientists, social scientists and ethicists are likely to be the most promising route to understanding what ADHD is and what stimulant drugs do.

Author affiliations

  1. Ilina Singh is at the London School of Economics and Political Science, Houghton Street, London, WC2A 2AE, UK.