Nature Reviews Neuroscience 6, 159-164 (February 2005) | doi:10.1038/nrn1609

Science and societyfMRI in the public eye

Eric Racine1, Ofek Bar-Ilan1,2 & Judy Illes1,3  About the authors


The wide dissemination and expanding applications of functional MRI have not escaped the attention of the media or discussion in the wider public arena. From the bench to the bedside, this technology has introduced substantial ethical challenges. Are the boundaries of what it can and cannot achieve being communicated to the public? Are its limitations understood? And given the complexities that are inherent to neuroscience, are current avenues for communication adequate?

Author affiliations

  1. Eric Racine, Ofek Bar-Ilan and Judy Illes are all at the Stanford Center for Biomedical Ethics, 701 Welch Road, Building A, Suite 1105, Palo Alto, California 94304-5748, USA.
  2. Ofek Bar-Ilan is also at the Dominican University of California, 50 Acacia Avenue, San Rafael, California 94901, USA.
  3. Judy Illes is also at the Department of Radiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, 300 Pasteur Drive, Stanford, California 94305-5105, USA.

Correspondence to: Judy Illes1,3 Email:


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