Nature Reviews Microbiology 6, 604-612 (August 2008) | doi:10.1038/nrmicro1939

OpinionPre-genomic, genomic and post-genomic study of microbial communities involved in bioenergy

Bruce E. Rittmann1, Rosa Krajmalnik-Brown1 & Rolf U. Halden1  About the authors


Microorganisms can produce renewable energy in large quantities and without damaging the environment or disrupting food supply. The microbial communities must be robust and self-stabilizing, and their essential syntrophies must be managed. Pre-genomic, genomic and post-genomic tools can provide crucial information about the structure and function of these microbial communities. Applying these tools will help accelerate the rate at which microbial bioenergy processes move from intriguing science to real-world practice.

Author affiliations

  1. Bruce E. Rittmann, Rosa Krajmalnik-Brown and Rolf U. Halden are at the Center for Environmental Biotechnology, Biodesign Institute, Arizona State University, PO BOX 875701 Tempe, Arizona 85287-5701, USA.

Correspondence to: Bruce E. Rittmann1 Email:

Published online 7 July 2008


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