Nature Reviews Microbiology 5, 939-951 (December 2007) | doi:10.1038/nrmicro1789

An increasing threat in hospitals: multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii

Lenie Dijkshoorn1, Alexandr Nemec2 & Harald Seifert3  About the authors


Since the 1970s, the spread of multidrug-resistant (MDR) Acinetobacter strains among critically ill, hospitalized patients, and subsequent epidemics, have become an increasing cause of concern. Reports of community-acquired Acinetobacter infections have also increased over the past decade. A recent manifestation of MDR Acinetobacter that has attracted public attention is its association with infections in severely injured soldiers. Here, we present an overview of the current knowledge of the genus Acinetobacter, with the emphasis on the clinically most important species, Acinetobacter baumannii.

Author affiliations

  1. Department of Infectious Diseases C5-P, Leiden University Medical Centre, Albinusdreef 2, P.O. BOX 9600, 2300 RC Leiden, the Netherlands.
  2. Centre of Epidemiology and Microbiology, National Institute of Public Health, Srobarova 48, 10042 Prague, Czech Republic.
  3. Institute for Medical Microbiology, Immunology and Hygiene, University of Cologne, Goldenfelsstrasse 19–21, 50935 Cologne, Germany.

Correspondence to: Lenie Dijkshoorn1 Email:


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