Philip Patenall

New collection: Archaea and the tree of life

This collection explores the fundamental biology, evolution, metabolic versatility and ecological impact of archaea, and how the discovery of new species is reshaping the tree of life

Latest Reviews

  • Review |

    One of the most prominent features of archaea is the extraordinary diversity of their viruses. In this Review, Prangishvili et al. summarize their morphological diversity, the molecular biology of their life cycles and virus–host interactions, and discuss their evolution and their role in the global virosphere.

    • David Prangishvili
    • , Dennis H. Bamford
    • , Patrick Forterre
    • , Jaime Iranzo
    • , Eugene V. Koonin
    •  & Mart Krupovic
  • Review |

    The Archaea was recognized as a third domain of life 40 years ago. In this Review, Eme et al. outline a brief history of the changing shape of the tree of life and examine how the recent discovery of diverse archaeal lineages has changed our understanding of the evolutionary relationships between the three domains of life and the origin of the eukaryotic cell.

    • Laura Eme
    • , Anja Spang
    • , Jonathan Lombard
    • , Courtney W. Stairs
    •  & Thijs J. G. Ettema
  • Review |

    Co-infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the leading cause of death in individuals infected with HIV-1. In this Review, Bell and Noursadeghi describe the epidemiological associations between the two pathogens, selected interactions of each pathogen with the host and our current understanding of how they affect the pathogenesis of tuberculosis and HIV-1/AIDS in individuals with co-infection.

    • Lucy C. K. Bell
    •  & Mahdad Noursadeghi
  • Review |

    Seasonal influenza viruses continue to cause epidemics each year. In this Review, Petrova and Russell discuss recent advances in understanding the molecular determinants of influenza virus immune escape, sources of evolutionary selection pressure, population dynamics of influenza viruses and prospects for better influenza virus control.

    • Velislava N. Petrova
    •  & Colin A. Russell
  • Progress |

    CRISPR–Cas adaptive immune systems are widespread in prokaryotes. In this Progress article, Maxwell and colleagues highlight how phages and other mobile genetic elements inactivate CRISPR–Cas systems using anti-CRISPR proteins and outline evolutionary and biotechnological implications of anti-CRISPR protein activity.

    • April Pawluk
    • , Alan R. Davidson
    •  & Karen L. Maxwell
  • Opinion |

    Traditional strategies to treat lung infections are based on the premise that the lung is sterile; however, it is now thought that the lung contains a resident microbiota. Here, Cookson et al. propose that concepts flowing from the Human Microbiome Project can transform the treatment of lung infections.

    • William O. C. M. Cookson
    • , Michael J. Cox
    •  & Miriam F. Moffatt

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