Letter abstract


Nature Physics 2, 605 - 608 (2006)
doi:10.1038/nphys392

Subject Categories: Condensed-matter physics | Materials physics | Optical physics

Nonlinear optical signatures of the tensor order in Cd2Re2O7 

Jesse C. Petersen1, Michael D. Caswell1, J. Steven Dodge1, Ivan A. Sergienko2,3, Jian He2,3, Rongying Jin2,3 and David Mandrus2,3

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Growing evidence indicates that the superconducting pyrochlore Cd2Re2O7 exhibits a structural phase transition at Tc=200 K with an unusual tensor character1, 2, 3. The structural order parameter for this state is two-dimensional, and spanned by distinct but nearly degenerate crystallographic structures I4122 and Unfortunately we are unable to provide accessible alternative text for this. If you require assistance to access this image, or to obtain a text description, please contact npg@nature.com (ref. 1). Symmetry rules imply that the low-energy excitations of the ordered state are Goldstone phonons, or long wavelength fluctuations between the two crystal structures. These are the structural equivalents of magnons in an XY antiferromagnet, with the two crystal structures analogous to orthogonal spin directions in the xy-plane. Goldstone phonons have been observed in Raman spectroscopy3, but high-resolution X-ray and neutron scattering experiments have produced conflicting assignments of the static low-temperature structure4, 5, 6. Here, we use optical second-harmonic generation with polarization sensitivity to assign the Unfortunately we are unable to provide accessible alternative text for this. If you require assistance to access this image, or to obtain a text description, please contact npg@nature.com structure unambiguously and verify an auxiliary condition on the structure that is implied by the order parameter symmetry. We also show that the temperature dependence of the order parameter is consistent with thermal occupation of the Goldstone mode. The methodology may be applied more widely in characterizing ordered states in matter.

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  1. Department of Physics, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia V5A 1S6, Canada
  2. Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831, USA
  3. Department of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996, USA

Correspondence to: J. Steven Dodge1 e-mail: jsdodge@sfu.ca

Correspondence to: Jian He2,3 Present address: Department of Physics and Astronomy, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina 29631, USA

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