Latest Research

  • Article |

    Metallic stents have been widely used in coronary angioplasty. Here, the authors develop a resorbable self-expanding stent from polymeric elastomers with high mechanical strength for coronary applications.

    • Upma Sharma
    • , Danny Concagh
    • , Lee Core
    • , Yina Kuang
    • , Changcheng You
    • , Quynh Pham
    • , Greg Zugates
    • , Rany Busold
    • , Stephanie Webber
    • , Jonathan Merlo
    • , Robert Langer
    • , George M. Whitesides
    •  & Maria Palasis
  • Article |

    The exchange bias effect in IrMn/FeCo is driven by a phase transition in the IrMn layer at room temperature, and occurs without the typical field-cooling sequence across the antiferromagnet Neel temperature.

    • A. Migliorini
    • , B. Kuerbanjiang
    • , T. Huminiuc
    • , D. Kepaptsoglou
    • , M. Muñoz
    • , J. L. F. Cuñado
    • , J. Camarero
    • , C. Aroca
    • , G. Vallejo-Fernández
    • , V. K. Lazarov
    •  & J. L. Prieto
  • Article |

    An in-plane memory device based on multidomain BiFeO3 thin films is reported. Highly conductive domain walls appear only during the application of a read-out field, a non-destructive process that reduces accumulation of mobile defects on the walls.

    • Jun Jiang
    • , Zi Long Bai
    • , Zhi Hui Chen
    • , Long He
    • , David Wei Zhang
    • , Qing Hua Zhang
    • , Jin An Shi
    • , Min Hyuk Park
    • , James F. Scott
    • , Cheol Seong Hwang
    •  & An Quan Jiang
  • Article |

    Angiogenesis has been implicated in fibrotic diseases of the liver. Here, the authors developed microniches that mimic angiogenesis during different stages of liver fibrosis, and demonstrate the role of mechanotransduction in fibrogenesis.

    • Longwei Liu
    • , Zhifeng You
    • , Hongsheng Yu
    • , Lyu Zhou
    • , Hui Zhao
    • , Xiaojun Yan
    • , Dulei Li
    • , Bingjie Wang
    • , Lu Zhu
    • , Yuzhou Xu
    • , Tie Xia
    • , Yan Shi
    • , Chenyu Huang
    • , Wei Hou
    •  & Yanan Du
  • Letter |

    Highly laminar graphene oxide flakes (10 to 20 μm in diameter) are fabricated. Reducing flake thickness to 10 nm enables water and organic solvent permeation, enabling the flakes to act as a highly effective organic solvent membrane.

    • Q. Yang
    • , Y. Su
    • , C. Chi
    • , C. T. Cherian
    • , K. Huang
    • , V. G. Kravets
    • , F. C. Wang
    • , J. C. Zhang
    • , A. Pratt
    • , A. N. Grigorenko
    • , F. Guinea
    • , A. K. Geim
    •  & R. R. Nair
  • Article |

    The activation of cleavable organometallic dimers upon exposure to ultraviolet radiation allows air-stable n-type doping of organic materials with electron affinity lower than the expected thermodynamic reducing strength of the dimers.

    • Xin Lin
    • , Berthold Wegner
    • , Kyung Min Lee
    • , Michael A. Fusella
    • , Fengyu Zhang
    • , Karttikay Moudgil
    • , Barry P. Rand
    • , Stephen Barlow
    • , Seth R. Marder
    • , Norbert Koch
    •  & Antoine Kahn
  • Article |

    Strongly interacting dye molecule complexes with coherent energy transport can be organized through programmable DNA scaffolds.

    • Étienne Boulais
    • , Nicolas P. D. Sawaya
    • , Rémi Veneziano
    • , Alessio Andreoni
    • , James L. Banal
    • , Toru Kondo
    • , Sarthak Mandal
    • , Su Lin
    • , Gabriela S. Schlau-Cohen
    • , Neal W. Woodbury
    • , Hao Yan
    • , Alán Aspuru-Guzik
    •  & Mark Bathe
  • Article |

    An approach to form protein-based hydrogels in living cells that resemble physiological hydrogel-like size-dependent molecular sieves is presented. Synthetic RNA granules mimics are obtained by functionalizing these entities with RNA-binding motifs.

    • Hideki Nakamura
    • , Albert A. Lee
    • , Ali Sobhi Afshar
    • , Shigeki Watanabe
    • , Elmer Rho
    • , Shiva Razavi
    • , Allister Suarez
    • , Yu-Chun Lin
    • , Makoto Tanigawa
    • , Brian Huang
    • , Robert DeRose
    • , Diana Bobb
    • , William Hong
    • , Sandra B. Gabelli
    • , John Goutsias
    •  & Takanari Inoue
  • Article |

    The physical properties of biomaterials affect cell behaviour. Here, the authors investigate how stiffness and degradation of hydrogels affect signalling pathways that modulate the maintenance of stemness of neural progenitor cells.

    • Christopher M. Madl
    • , Bauer L. LeSavage
    • , Ruby E. Dewi
    • , Cong B. Dinh
    • , Ryan S. Stowers
    • , Margarita Khariton
    • , Kyle J. Lampe
    • , Duong Nguyen
    • , Ovijit Chaudhuri
    • , Annika Enejder
    •  & Sarah C. Heilshorn
  • Article |

    3D-printed steels with hierarchically heterogeneous microstructures demonstrate high strength and ductility.

    • Y. Morris Wang
    • , Thomas Voisin
    • , Joseph T. McKeown
    • , Jianchao Ye
    • , Nicholas P. Calta
    • , Zan Li
    • , Zhi Zeng
    • , Yin Zhang
    • , Wen Chen
    • , Tien Tran Roehling
    • , Ryan T. Ott
    • , Melissa K. Santala
    • , Philip J. Depond
    • , Manyalibo J. Matthews
    • , Alex V. Hamza
    •  & Ting Zhu
  • Review |

    The exploration of the properties and applications of quantum materials relies on advances in synthesis techniques. The approaches pursued to realize thin films and other materials revealing emergent quantum behaviour are reviewed here.

    • Nitin Samarth
  • Perspective |

    This Perspective discusses recent progress in the field of topological states in condensed matter; initiated by the quantum Hall effect, it now includes systems like topological insulators, topological superconductors, and Weyl/Dirac semimetals.

    • Jing Wang
    •  & Shou-Cheng Zhang
  • Review |

    The key to exploiting quantum materials for applications is the control of their properties. This Review discusses strategies to externally modify their properties on demand.

    • D. N. Basov
    • , R. D. Averitt
    •  & D. Hsieh
  • Article |

    Organic resistive memories based on a spin-coated layer of a ruthenium complex with azo-aromatic ligands show high endurance, stability and fast switching speed, as well as good device reproducibility.

    • Sreetosh Goswami
    • , Adam J. Matula
    • , Santi P. Rath
    • , Svante Hedström
    • , Surajit Saha
    • , Meenakshi Annamalai
    • , Debabrata Sengupta
    • , Abhijeet Patra
    • , Siddhartha Ghosh
    • , Hariom Jani
    • , Soumya Sarkar
    • , Mallikarjuna Rao Motapothula
    • , Christian A. Nijhuis
    • , Jens Martin
    • , Sreebrata Goswami
    • , Victor S. Batista
    •  & T. Venkatesan
  • Letter |

    A structurally chiral two-dimensional array of nanomagnets is shown to thermally relax its magnetization by rotation in a preferential direction, behaving as a magnetic ratchet.

    • Sebastian Gliga
    • , Gino Hrkac
    • , Claire Donnelly
    • , Jonathan Büchi
    • , Armin Kleibert
    • , Jizhai Cui
    • , Alan Farhan
    • , Eugenie Kirk
    • , Rajesh V. Chopdekar
    • , Yusuke Masaki
    • , Nicholas S. Bingham
    • , Andreas Scholl
    • , Robert L. Stamps
    •  & Laura J. Heyderman
  • Article |

    A microfluidics method to generate giant, copolymer-stabilized liposomes is presented. These vesicles are functionalized with distinct proteins to recapitulate cellular processes.

    • Marian Weiss
    • , Johannes Patrick Frohnmayer
    • , Lucia Theresa Benk
    • , Barbara Haller
    • , Jan-Willi Janiesch
    • , Thomas Heitkamp
    • , Michael Börsch
    • , Rafael B. Lira
    • , Rumiana Dimova
    • , Reinhard Lipowsky
    • , Eberhard Bodenschatz
    • , Jean-Christophe Baret
    • , Tanja Vidakovic-Koch
    • , Kai Sundmacher
    • , Ilia Platzman
    •  & Joachim P. Spatz
  • Article |

    The structure and porosity of a zinc imidazolate framework above the melting point was studied with neutron and X-ray scattering, and molecular dynamics. The porosity and local bonding of the framework persist even in the liquid phase.

    • Romain Gaillac
    • , Pluton Pullumbi
    • , Kevin A. Beyer
    • , Karena W. Chapman
    • , David A. Keen
    • , Thomas D. Bennett
    •  & François-Xavier Coudert
  • Article |

    Stimulated emission under continuous-wave excitation from mercury telluride quantum dots at very low thresholds (compatible with electrical injection) is achieved by exploiting surface traps that render the quantum dots into four-level systems.

    • Pieter Geiregat
    • , Arjan J. Houtepen
    • , Laxmi Kishore Sagar
    • , Ivan Infante
    • , Felipe Zapata
    • , Valeriia Grigel
    • , Guy Allan
    • , Christophe Delerue
    • , Dries Van Thourhout
    •  & Zeger Hens
  • Article |

    Circulating tumour DNA is used as a biomarker for cancer diagnosis. Here, the authors identified a DNA methylation biomarker for hepatocellular carcinoma and developed diagnostic and prognostic models to predict specificity and survival of patients.

    • Rui-hua Xu
    • , Wei Wei
    • , Michal Krawczyk
    • , Wenqiu Wang
    • , Huiyan Luo
    • , Ken Flagg
    • , Shaohua Yi
    • , William Shi
    • , Qingli Quan
    • , Kang Li
    • , Lianghong Zheng
    • , Heng Zhang
    • , Bennett A. Caughey
    • , Qi Zhao
    • , Jiayi Hou
    • , Runze Zhang
    • , Yanxin Xu
    • , Huimin Cai
    • , Gen Li
    • , Rui Hou
    • , Zheng Zhong
    • , Danni Lin
    • , Xin Fu
    • , Jie Zhu
    • , Yaou Duan
    • , Meixing Yu
    • , Binwu Ying
    • , Wengeng Zhang
    • , Juan Wang
    • , Edward Zhang
    • , Charlotte Zhang
    • , Oulan Li
    • , Rongping Guo
    • , Hannah Carter
    • , Jian-kang Zhu
    • , Xiaoke Hao
    •  & Kang Zhang
  • Letter |

    Tissue mimics are of great interest in understanding diseases. Here, organoids were developed that resemble polycystic kidney disease cysts and it was demonstrated how material environment and adhesion can affect cystogenesis and disease progression.

    • Nelly M. Cruz
    • , Xuewen Song
    • , Stefan M. Czerniecki
    • , Ramila E. Gulieva
    • , Angela J. Churchill
    • , Yong Kyun Kim
    • , Kosuke Winston
    • , Linh M. Tran
    • , Marco A. Diaz
    • , Hongxia Fu
    • , Laura S. Finn
    • , York Pei
    • , Jonathan Himmelfarb
    •  & Benjamin S. Freedman
  • Article |

    The mechanical properties of biomaterials affect cell growth through mechanotransduction signals. Here, hydrogels with fast stress relaxation were developed and showed increased cartilage matrix formation by cartilage cells compared to slow relaxation hydrogels.

    • Hong-pyo Lee
    • , Luo Gu
    • , David J. Mooney
    • , Marc E. Levenston
    •  & Ovijit Chaudhuri
  • Letter |

    Polarization-dependent photoluminescent mapping reveals that excitons—composite particles made of electron–hole pairs bound by the Coulomb force—exhibit the Hall effect, which originates from the large exciton Berry curvature.

    • Masaru Onga
    • , Yijin Zhang
    • , Toshiya Ideue
    •  & Yoshihiro Iwasa