Brief Communication abstract

Nature Medicine 15, 871 - 872 (2009)
Published online: 2 August 2009 | doi:10.1038/nm.2016

A new human immunodeficiency virus derived from gorillas

Jean-Christophe Plantier1, Marie Leoz1, Jonathan E Dickerson2, Fabienne De Oliveira1, François Cordonnier3, Véronique Lemée1, Florence Damond4, David L Robertson2 & François Simon5


We have identified a new human immunodeficiency virus in a Cameroonian woman. It is closely related to gorilla simian immunodeficiency virus (SIVgor) and shows no evidence of recombination with other HIV-1 lineages. This new virus seems to be the prototype of a new HIV-1 lineage that is distinct from HIV-1 groups M, N and O. We propose to designate it HIV-1 group P.

  1. Laboratoire associé au Centre National de Référence du Virus de l'Immunodéficience Humaine, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Rouen, Equipe d'Accueil EA2656, Faculté de Médecine-Pharmacie, Université de Rouen, France.
  2. Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Manchester, UK.
  3. Hôpital Louis Mourier, Colombes, France.
  4. Hôpital Bichat, Paris, France.
  5. Hôpital Saint-Louis, Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale U941, Faculté de Médecine, Université Paris-Diderot, Paris, France.

Correspondence to: Jean-Christophe Plantier1 e-mail:


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