Economic viability of thin-film tandem solar modules in the United States

Latest Research

  • Article |

    Investment and policy decisions about low-carbon technologies have been affected by the promise of a ‘unicorn technology’ that may reduce emissions at low costs. Researchers show that such investment delays can have high implications on cost and emissions whether the unicorn technology materializes or not.

    • Clara F. Heuberger
    • , Iain Staffell
    • , Nilay Shah
    •  & Niall Mac Dowell
  • Article |

    Use of wood and crop residue for cooking and heating in rural China is a significant source of carbon emissions and air pollution. Using a survey of more than 34,000 households, researchers show that between 1992 and 2012 usage of these fuels decreased by much more than previous estimates, due primarily to rising incomes.

    • S. Tao
    • , M. Y. Ru
    • , W. Du
    • , X. Zhu
    • , Q. R. Zhong
    • , B. G. Li
    • , G. F. Shen
    • , X. L. Pan
    • , W. J. Meng
    • , Y. L. Chen
    • , H. Z. Shen
    • , N. Lin
    • , S. Su
    • , S. J. Zhuo
    • , T. B. Huang
    • , Y. Xu
    • , X. Yun
    • , J. F. Liu
    • , X. L. Wang
    • , W. X. Liu
    • , H. F. Cheng
    •  & D. Q. Zhu
  • Article |

    Wind turbine technologies evolve, as do social acceptability and policies on wind farm siting. Here, Rinne et al. assess wind energy potential taking these evolutions into account and show an increase in the economic potential of wind energy in Finland using modern technology assumptions.

    • Erkka Rinne
    • , Hannele Holttinen
    • , Juha Kiviluoma
    •  & Simo Rissanen
  • Article |

    Electrocatalytic water splitting to produce H2 is impeded by slow reaction kinetics over noble-metal-free catalysts at the electrodes. Here, the authors use high-frequency alternating magnetic fields to locally heat FeC–Ni core–shell catalysts, enhancing the kinetics of the oxygen and hydrogen evolution reactions.

    • Christiane Niether
    • , Stéphane Faure
    • , Alexis Bordet
    • , Jonathan Deseure
    • , Marian Chatenet
    • , Julian Carrey
    • , Bruno Chaudret
    •  & Alain Rouet

News & Comment

  • Comment |

    Nation states need to incentivize negative emissions technologies if they are to take the decarbonization of whole energy systems seriously. This incentivization must account for public values and interests in relation to which technologies to incentivize, how they should be incentivized and how they should be governed once incentivized.

    • Rob Bellamy
  • News & Views |

    Many consumers encounter electric vehicles for the first time at car dealerships when they are looking to buy a new vehicle. Now, research shows that interactions with sales personnel have an important and often detrimental influence on the purchase of electric vehicles, presenting a critical barrier to their wide-spread adoption.

    • Jennifer Lynes
  • News & Views |

    Wind facilities have generally deployed turbines of the same power and height in regular uniform arrays. Now, the modern generation of turbines, with customer-selectable tower heights and larger rotors, can significantly increase wind energy’s economic potential using less land to generate cheaper electricity.

    • Robert Thresher
  • News & Views |

    Capturing CO2 directly from the air could lead to negative emissions, but more efficient technologies are still required. Now, researchers use a multi-stage cycle based on amino acids and organic salts to capture CO2 from air, which can be released with concentrated solar power.

    • Christopher W. Jones
  • News & Views |

    Various approaches have been adopted to enhance the performance of alkaline water electrolysers, such as improving catalyst efficiency or increasing operating temperatures. Now, magnetic hyperthermia is demonstrated as another potential route to enhance overall water splitting catalytic activity.

    • Bora Seo
    •  & Sang Hoon Joo

Insight

Automotive batteries

bizoo_n / iStock / Getty Images Plus

Automotive batteries

This Insight explores practical aspects of automotive battery development, covering topics including battery materials, production processes, battery safety issues, and market needs.