10 years 2010-2020

A decade of open access

Latest Research

Physical sciences

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  • Article
    | Open Access

    Glycosylation plays a key role in shielding of immunogenic epitopes on viral spike (S) proteins. Here Watanabe et al. report that glycans of coronavirus SARS and MERS S proteins are heterogeneously distributed and do not form an efficacious high-density global shield which would ensure efficient immune evasion.

    • Yasunori Watanabe
    • , Zachary T. Berndsen
    • , Jayna Raghwani
    • , Gemma E. Seabright
    • , Joel D. Allen
    • , Oliver G. Pybus
    • , Jason S. McLellan
    • , Ian A. Wilson
    • , Thomas A. Bowden
    • , Andrew B. Ward
    •  & Max Crispin
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Controlling light with planar elements requires full polarization channels and reconstruction of optical signals. Here, the authors have demonstrated a general method relying on pixelated metasurfaces that enables wavefront shaping with arbitrary output polarization, allowing full utilization of polarization channels.

    • Qinghua Song
    • , Arthur Baroni
    • , Rajath Sawant
    • , Peinan Ni
    • , Virginie Brandli
    • , Sébastien Chenot
    • , Stéphane Vézian
    • , Benjamin Damilano
    • , Philippe de Mierry
    • , Samira Khadir
    • , Patrick Ferrand
    •  & Patrice Genevet
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Strong but flexible graphene tends to wrinkle, which compromises some properties. Here the authors report a solid plasticization method to prepare continuous graphene papers with high crystalline order, achieving high strength, stiffness, electrical and thermal conductivities.

    • Peng Li
    • , Mincheng Yang
    • , Yingjun Liu
    • , Huasong Qin
    • , Jingran Liu
    • , Zhen Xu
    • , Yilun Liu
    • , Fanxu Meng
    • , Jiahao Lin
    • , Fang Wang
    •  & Chao Gao

Earth and environmental sciences

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  • Article
    | Open Access

    How UHI intensity responds to variations of urban structure is unclear. Here the authors proposed a reduced form approach that is able to estimate UHI intensities based only on the number and location of urban sites as well as their distance.

    • Yunfei Li
    • , Sebastian Schubert
    • , Jürgen P. Kropp
    •  & Diego Rybski
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Asteroid shapes and hydration levels can serve as tracers of their history and origin. Here, the authors show top shape asteroids can form directly through gravitational reaccumulation and rubble piles formed in a single disruption can have similar porosities but variable degrees of hydration.

    • P. Michel
    • , R.-L. Ballouz
    • , O. S. Barnouin
    • , M. Jutzi
    • , K. J. Walsh
    • , B. H. May
    • , C. Manzoni
    • , D. C. Richardson
    • , S. R. Schwartz
    • , S. Sugita
    • , S. Watanabe
    • , H. Miyamoto
    • , M. Hirabayashi
    • , W. F. Bottke
    • , H. C. Connolly
    • , M. Yoshikawa
    •  & D. S. Lauretta
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Mutualism is typically portrayed as a destabilizing process in community ecology. Here, via a random matrix model that considers species density, the author shows that mutualistic interactions can, in fact, enhance population density at equilibrium and increase community resilience to perturbation.

    • Lewi Stone

Biological sciences

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  • Article
    | Open Access

    The relative contribution of fallopian tube (FT) or ovarian surface epithelium (OSE) to high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HG-SOC) development is unclear. Here, the authors establish organoid models from murine oviductal and OSE tissues that allow cancer modeling via CRISPR-Cas9 genome editing, and report a dual origin of murine HG-SOC.

    • Kadi Lõhmussaar
    • , Oded Kopper
    • , Jeroen Korving
    • , Harry Begthel
    • , Celien P. H. Vreuls
    • , Johan H. van Es
    •  & Hans Clevers
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Until now, the transcriptome of preimplantation mouse embryos has only been analysed by short-read sequencing. Here, the authors perform long-read sequencing to provide a more detailed transcriptome of the preimplantation mouse embryo, identifying various novel transcripts, for example Kdm4dl.

    • Yunbo Qiao
    • , Chao Ren
    • , Shisheng Huang
    • , Jie Yuan
    • , Xingchen Liu
    • , Jiao Fan
    • , Jianxiang Lin
    • , Susu Wu
    • , Qiuzhen Chen
    • , Xiaochen Bo
    • , Xiangyang Li
    • , Xingxu Huang
    • , Zhen Liu
    •  & Wenjie Shu
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Glycosylation plays a key role in shielding of immunogenic epitopes on viral spike (S) proteins. Here Watanabe et al. report that glycans of coronavirus SARS and MERS S proteins are heterogeneously distributed and do not form an efficacious high-density global shield which would ensure efficient immune evasion.

    • Yasunori Watanabe
    • , Zachary T. Berndsen
    • , Jayna Raghwani
    • , Gemma E. Seabright
    • , Joel D. Allen
    • , Oliver G. Pybus
    • , Jason S. McLellan
    • , Ian A. Wilson
    • , Thomas A. Bowden
    • , Andrew B. Ward
    •  & Max Crispin

Health sciences

See All
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The relative contribution of fallopian tube (FT) or ovarian surface epithelium (OSE) to high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HG-SOC) development is unclear. Here, the authors establish organoid models from murine oviductal and OSE tissues that allow cancer modeling via CRISPR-Cas9 genome editing, and report a dual origin of murine HG-SOC.

    • Kadi Lõhmussaar
    • , Oded Kopper
    • , Jeroen Korving
    • , Harry Begthel
    • , Celien P. H. Vreuls
    • , Johan H. van Es
    •  & Hans Clevers
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Gut microbiome has been linked to cavernous angioma (CA), a common vascular disease, but the role in humans remains unclear. Here, the authors combine 16S rRNA sequencing and shotgun metagenomics to profile the microbiome in a large cohort of human subjects with and without CA, and among subjects with different CA clinical features.

    • Sean P. Polster
    • , Anukriti Sharma
    • , Ceylan Tanes
    • , Alan T. Tang
    • , Patricia Mericko
    • , Ying Cao
    • , Julián Carrión-Penagos
    • , Romuald Girard
    • , Janne Koskimäki
    • , Dongdong Zhang
    • , Agnieszka Stadnik
    • , Sharbel G. Romanos
    • , Seán B. Lyne
    • , Robert Shenkar
    • , Kimberly Yan
    • , Cornelia Lee
    • , Amy Akers
    • , Leslie Morrison
    • , Myranda Robinson
    • , Atif Zafar
    • , Kyle Bittinger
    • , Helen Kim
    • , Jack A. Gilbert
    • , Mark L. Kahn
    • , Le Shen
    •  & Issam A. Awad
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The tau protein is theorized to spread transneuronally in Alzheimers disease, though this theory remains unproven in humans. Our simulations of epidemic-like protein spreading across human brain networks support this theory, and suggest the spreading dynamics are modified by β-amyloid

    • Jacob W. Vogel
    • , Yasser Iturria-Medina
    • , Olof T. Strandberg
    • , Ruben Smith
    • , Elizabeth Levitis
    • , Alan C. Evans
    • , Oskar Hansson
    • , Michael Weiner
    • , Paul Aisen
    • , Ronald Petersen
    • , Clifford R. Jack Jr.
    • , William Jagust
    • , John Q. Trojanowki
    • , Arthur W. Toga
    • , Laurel Beckett
    • , Robert C. Green
    • , Andrew J. Saykin
    • , John Morris
    • , Leslie M. Shaw
    • , Enchi Liu
    • , Tom Montine
    • , Ronald G. Thomas
    • , Michael Donohue
    • , Sarah Walter
    • , Devon Gessert
    • , Tamie Sather
    • , Gus Jiminez
    • , Danielle Harvey
    • , Michael Donohue
    • , Matthew Bernstein
    • , Nick Fox
    • , Paul Thompson
    • , Norbert Schuff
    • , Charles DeCArli
    • , Bret Borowski
    • , Jeff Gunter
    • , Matt Senjem
    • , Prashanthi Vemuri
    • , David Jones
    • , Kejal Kantarci
    • , Chad Ward
    • , Robert A. Koeppe
    • , Norm Foster
    • , Eric M. Reiman
    • , Kewei Chen
    • , Chet Mathis
    • , Susan Landau
    • , Nigel J. Cairns
    • , Erin Householder
    • , Lisa Taylor Reinwald
    • , Virginia Lee
    • , Magdalena Korecka
    • , Michal Figurski
    • , Karen Crawford
    • , Scott Neu
    • , Tatiana M. Foroud
    • , Steven Potkin
    • , Li Shen
    • , Faber Kelley
    • , Sungeun Kim
    • , Kwangsik Nho
    • , Zaven Kachaturian
    • , Richard Frank
    • , Peter J. Snyder
    • , Susan Molchan
    • , Jeffrey Kaye
    • , Joseph Quinn
    • , Betty Lind
    • , Raina Carter
    • , Sara Dolen
    • , Lon S. Schneider
    • , Sonia Pawluczyk
    • , Mauricio Beccera
    • , Liberty Teodoro
    • , Bryan M. Spann
    • , James Brewer
    • , Helen Vanderswag
    • , Adam Fleisher
    • , Judith L. Heidebrink
    • , Joanne L. Lord
    • , Ronald Petersen
    • , Sara S. Mason
    • , Colleen S. Albers
    • , David Knopman
    • , Kris Johnson
    • , Rachelle S. Doody
    • , Javier Villanueva Meyer
    • , Munir Chowdhury
    • , Susan Rountree
    • , Mimi Dang
    • , Yaakov Stern
    • , Lawrence S. Honig
    • , Karen L. Bell
    • , Beau Ances
    • , John C. Morris
    • , Maria Carroll
    • , Sue Leon
    • , Erin Householder
    • , Mark A. Mintun
    • , Stacy Schneider
    • , Angela OliverNG
    • , Randall Griffith
    • , David Clark
    • , David Geldmacher
    • , John Brockington
    • , Erik Roberson
    • , Hillel Grossman
    • , Effie Mitsis
    • , Leyla de Toledo-Morrell
    • , Raj C. Shah
    • , Ranjan Duara
    • , Daniel Varon
    • , Maria T. Greig
    • , Peggy Roberts
    • , Marilyn Albert
    • , Chiadi Onyike
    • , Daniel D’Agostino II
    • , Stephanie Kielb
    • , James E. Galvin
    • , Dana M. Pogorelec
    • , Brittany Cerbone
    • , Christina A. Michel
    • , Henry Rusinek
    • , Mony J. de Leon
    • , Lidia Glodzik
    • , Susan De Santi
    • , P. Murali Doraiswamy
    • , Jeffrey R. Petrella
    • , Terence Z. Wong
    • , Steven E. Arnold
    • , Jason H. Karlawish
    • , David Wolk
    • , Charles D. Smith
    • , Greg Jicha
    • , Peter Hardy
    • , Partha Sinha
    • , Elizabeth Oates
    • , Gary Conrad
    • , Oscar L. Lopez
    • , MaryAnn Oakley
    • , Donna M. Simpson
    • , Anton P. Porsteinsson
    • , Bonnie S. Goldstein
    • , Kim Martin
    • , Kelly M. Makino
    • , M. Saleem Ismail
    • , Connie Brand
    • , Ruth A. Mulnard
    • , Gaby Thai
    • , Catherine Mc Adams Ortiz
    • , Kyle Womack
    • , Dana Mathews
    • , Mary Quiceno
    • , Ramon Diaz Arrastia
    • , Richard King
    • , Myron Weiner
    • , Kristen Martin Cook
    • , Michael DeVous
    • , Allan I. Levey
    • , James J. Lah
    • , Janet S. Cellar
    • , Jeffrey M. Burns
    • , Heather S. Anderson
    • , Russell H. Swerdlow
    • , Liana Apostolova
    • , Kathleen Tingus
    • , Ellen Woo
    • , Daniel H. S. Silverman
    • , Po H. Lu
    • , George Bartzokis
    • , Neill R. Graff Radford
    • , Francine Parfitt
    • , Tracy Kendall
    • , Heather Johnson
    • , Martin R. Farlow
    • , Ann Marie Hake
    • , Brandy R. Matthews
    • , Scott Herring
    • , Cynthia Hunt
    • , Christopher H. van Dyck
    • , Richard E. Carson
    • , Martha G. MacAvoy
    • , Howard Chertkow
    • , Howard Bergman
    • , Chris Hosein
    • , Sandra Black
    • , Bojana Stefanovic
    • , Curtis Caldwell
    • , Ging Yuek Robin Hsiung
    • , Howard Feldman
    • , Benita Mudge
    • , Michele Assaly Past
    • , Andrew Kertesz
    • , John Rogers
    • , Dick Trost
    • , Charles Bernick
    • , Donna Munic
    • , Diana Kerwin
    • , Marek Marsel Mesulam
    • , Kristine Lipowski
    • , Chuang Kuo Wu
    • , Nancy Johnson
    • , Carl Sadowsky
    • , Walter Martinez
    • , Teresa Villena
    • , Raymond Scott Turner
    • , Kathleen Johnson
    • , Brigid Reynolds
    • , Reisa A. Sperling
    • , Keith A. Johnson
    • , Gad Marshall
    • , Meghan Frey
    • , Jerome Yesavage
    • , Joy L. Taylor
    • , Barton Lane
    • , Allyson Rosen
    • , Jared Tinklenberg
    • , Marwan N. Sabbagh
    • , Christine M. Belden
    • , Sandra A. Jacobson
    • , Sherye A. Sirrel
    • , Neil Kowall
    • , Ronald Killiany
    • , Andrew E. Budson
    • , Alexander Norbash
    • , Patricia Lynn Johnson
    • , Thomas O. Obisesan
    • , Saba Wolday
    • , Joanne Allard
    • , Alan Lerner
    • , Paula Ogrocki
    • , Leon Hudson
    • , Evan Fletcher
    • , Owen Carmichael
    • , John Olichney
    • , Charles DeCarli
    • , Smita Kittur
    • , Michael Borrie
    • , T. Y. Lee
    • , Rob Bartha
    • , Sterling Johnson
    • , Sanjay Asthana
    • , Cynthia M. Carlsson
    • , Steven G. Potkin
    • , Adrian Preda
    • , Dana Nguyen
    • , Pierre Tariot
    • , Adam Fleisher
    • , Stephanie Reeder
    • , Vernice Bates
    • , Horacio Capote
    • , Michelle Rainka
    • , Douglas W. Scharre
    • , Maria Kataki
    • , Anahita Adeli
    • , Earl A. Zimmerman
    • , Dzintra Celmins
    • , Alice D. Brown
    • , Godfrey D. Pearlson
    • , Karen Blank
    • , Karen Anderson
    • , Robert B. Santulli
    • , Tamar J. Kitzmiller
    • , Eben S. Schwartz
    • , Kaycee M. SinkS
    • , Jeff D. Williamson
    • , Pradeep Garg
    • , Franklin Watkins
    • , Brian R. Ott
    • , Henry Querfurth
    • , Geoffrey Tremont
    • , Stephen Salloway
    • , Paul Malloy
    • , Stephen Correia
    • , Howard J. Rosen
    • , Bruce L. Miller
    • , Jacobo Mintzer
    • , Kenneth Spicer
    • , David Bachman
    • , Elizabether Finger
    • , Stephen Pasternak
    • , Irina Rachinsky
    • , John Rogers
    • , Andrew Kertesz
    • , Dick Drost
    • , Nunzio Pomara
    • , Raymundo Hernando
    • , Antero Sarrael
    • , Susan K. Schultz
    • , Laura L. Boles Ponto
    • , Hyungsub Shim
    • , Karen Elizabeth Smith
    • , Norman Relkin
    • , Gloria Chaing
    • , Lisa Raudin
    • , Amanda Smith
    • , Kristin Fargher
    • , Balebail Ashok Raj
    • , Emelie Andersson
    • , David Berron
    • , Elin Byman
    • , Tone Sundberg-Brorsson
    • , Administrator
    • , Emma Borland
    • , Anna Callmer
    • , Cecilia Dahl
    • , Eske Gertje
    • , Anna-Märta Gustavsson
    • , Joanna Grzegorska
    • , Sara Hall
    • , Oskar Hansson
    • , Philip Insel
    • , Shorena Janelidze
    • , Maurits Johansson
    • , Helena Sletten
    • , Jonas Jester-Broms
    • , Elisabet Londos
    • , Niklas Mattson
    • , Lennart Minthon
    • , Maria Nilsson
    • , Rosita Nordkvist
    • , Katarina Nägga
    • , Camilla Orbjörn
    • , Rik Ossenkoppele
    • , Sebastian Palmqvist
    • , Marie Persson
    • , Alexander Santillo
    • , Nicola Spotorno
    • , Erik Stomrud
    • , Håkan Toresson
    • , Olof Strandberg
    • , Michael Schöll
    • , Ida Friberg
    • , Per Johansson
    • , Moa Wibom
    • , Katarina Johansson
    • , Emma Pettersson
    • , Christin Karremo
    • , Ruben Smith
    • , Yulia Surova
    • , Mattis Jalakas
    • , Jimmy Lätt
    • , Peter Mannfolk
    • , Markus Nilsson
    • , Freddy Ståhlberg
    • , Pia Sundgren
    • , Danielle van Westen
    • , Ulf Andreasson
    • , Kaj Blennow
    • , Henrik Zetterberg
    • , Lars-Olof Wahlund
    • , Eric Westman
    • , Joana Pereira
    • , Jonas Jögi
    • , Douglas Hägerström
    • , Tomas Olsson
    •  & Per Wollmer

News & Comment

  • Comment
    | Open Access

    Time horizons for nuclear materials development and qualification must be shortened to realize future nuclear energy concepts. Inspired by the Materials Genome Initiative, we present an integrated approach to materials discovery and qualification to insert new materials into service.

    • Jeffery A. Aguiar
    • , Andrea M. Jokisaari
    • , Matthew Kerr
    •  & R. Allen Roach
  • Comment
    | Open Access

    The 2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry has been awarded to John B. Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino for their contributions in the development of lithium-ion batteries, a technology that has revolutionized our way of life. Here we look back at the milestone discoveries that have shaped the modern lithium-ion batteries for inspirational insights to guide future breakthroughs.

    • Jing Xie
    •  & Yi-Chun Lu
  • Comment
    | Open Access

    Exotic degeneracies in open quantum systems, so-called exceptional points, show rich physics and promise new applications, such as sensors with greatly enhanced response. Recent research on laser gyroscopes has uncovered limits of such sensors due to excess quantum noise.

    • Jan Wiersig
  • Comment
    | Open Access

    3D printing can allow for the efficient manufacturing of elaborate structures difficult to realise conventionally without waste, such as the hollow geometries of nickel-based superalloy aeronautic components. To fully exploit this method, we must move towards new alloys and processes.

    • Chinnapat Panwisawas
    • , Yuanbo T. Tang
    •  & Roger C. Reed
  • Comment
    | Open Access

    Optical elements play a crucial role in many modern systems, from cellphones to missiles. The miniaturization trend poses a challenge to optics, since classical lenses and mirrors tend to be bulky. One way of dealing with this challenge is using flat optics. For many years flat optics has been implemented using diffractive optics technology, but in the last two decades a new technology called metasurfaces has emerged. This technology does not replace diffractive optics, but rather expands on it, leveraging the new ability to manufacture subwavelength features on optical substrates. For imaging and focusing applications, diffractive lenses and metalenses are used, as a subset of diffractive optics and metasurfaces, respectively. Recently there has been debate over whether metalenses offer any real advantages over diffractive lenses. In this commentary we will try to gain some insight into this debate and present our opinion on the subject.

    • Jacob Engelberg
    •  & Uriel Levy
  • Comment
    | Open Access

    Big data reveals new, stark pictures of the state of our environments. It also reveals ‘bright spots’ amongst the broad pattern of decline and—crucially—the key conditions for these cases. Big data analyses could benefit the planet if tightly coupled with ongoing sustainability efforts.

    • Rebecca K. Runting
    • , Stuart Phinn
    • , Zunyi Xie
    • , Oscar Venter
    •  & James E. M. Watson

Focus

Inorganic, Nanoscale and Physical Chemistry

M. Eugenio Vázquez-Sentís/doi:10.1038/s41467-018-05183-8

Inorganic, Nanoscale and Physical Chemistry

Editors' Highlights: Each month our editors select a small number of Articles recently published in Nature Communications that they believe are particularly interesting or important.

Jacilynn Brant, Long Chen, Margherita Citroni and Ariane Vartanian

Nature events Directory