Nexleaf Analytics, Los Angeles, California 90064, USA
Nithya Ramanathan &
The Energy Resources Institute, New Delhi 110003, India
Jeevan Mohanty &
Ibrahim H. Rehman
University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093, USA
N.R., V.R. and I.H.R. designed the original version of this study. All authors contributed to refinement of the original design and conception of the field study. I.H.R. led the field study; J.M. and T.R. collected data in the field; and J.M. led the payments to women. T.R. and N.R. led the sensor deployment; and T.R., N.R. and E.G. conducted the data analysis. T.R., N.R. and V.R. took the lead in writing the paper.
Competing financial interests
The authors declare no competing financial interests.