Browse Articles

  • News and Views |

    Loss and Damage (L&D) has been gaining traction since the Paris Agreement took the issue on as a separate article, arguably creating a third pillar of international climate policy. Debate so far has led to vague definitions of the remit of the L&D mechanism; research on actor perspectives may help to propel this discourse forward.

    • Reinhard Mechler
  • Article |

    A typology of four perspectives on loss and damage is developed based on the study of actor perspectives, including interviews with stakeholders in research, practice, and policy. This may help with navigation of this necessarily ambiguous territory.

    • Emily Boyd
    • , Rachel A. James
    • , Richard G. Jones
    • , Hannah R. Young
    •  & Friederike E. L. Otto
  • Article |

    The composition of international scientific assessments influences their credibility. This study shows that membership nomination in the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment was driven by a group of core individuals based on prior institutional co-membership.

    • Philip Leifeld
    •  & Dana R. Fisher
  • Article |

    The use of cross-sectoral strategies, such as the exchange of waste energy through co-location of industry, business and residential areas, is shown to be effective for greenhouse gas and particulate mitigation in this study of 637 Chinese cities.

    • Anu Ramaswami
    • , Kangkang Tong
    • , Andrew Fang
    • , Raj M. Lal
    • , Ajay Singh Nagpure
    • , Yang Li
    • , Huajun Yu
    • , Daqian Jiang
    • , Armistead G. Russell
    • , Lei Shi
    • , Marian Chertow
    • , Yangjun Wang
    •  & Shuxiao Wang
  • News and Views |

    Strategies that reduce fossil-fuel use can achieve both global carbon mitigation and local health-protection goals. Now research shows the dual benefits of compact urban design and circular economy policies in Chinese cities.

    • Nadine Ibrahim
  • Letter |

    The selection of materials for road construction in the United States is based on assumptions of a stationary climate. With increasing temperatures, upholding these practices could add up to US$26.3 billion in US-wide maintenance costs by 2040 under RCP8.5.

    • B. Shane Underwood
    • , Zack Guido
    • , Padmini Gudipudi
    •  & Yarden Feinberg
  • News and Views |

    A trait-based approach for assessing physiological sensitivity to climate change can connect a species' evolutionary past with its future vulnerability. Now a global assessment of freshwater and marine fishes reveals patterns of warming sensitivity, highlighting the importance of different biogeographies and identifying places where vulnerability runs high.

    • Jennifer Sunday
  • Letter |

    To understand how species will cope with warming, knowledge of the thermal limits is needed. This study estimates 2,960 ray-fin fish species’ thermal sensitivity. Comparison with projected warming highlights vulnerable freshwater and marine regions.

    • Lise Comte
    •  & Julian D. Olden
  • Article |

    Warming waters are causing marine species to shift; however, how species found in the cold waters of the Southern Ocean will adapt is unclear. This study projects significant habitat reductions for individual benthic taxa and benthic communities over the next century.

    • Huw J. Griffiths
    • , Andrew J. S. Meijers
    •  & Thomas J. Bracegirdle
  • News and Views |

    Data and model-based evidence suggests that future weather patterns will be more complex than simply those of the past plus background warming. Now research offers physical explanations of how short-term climate variability might adjust.

    • Chris Huntingford
  • Perspective |

    • Gergely Torda
    • , Jennifer M. Donelson
    • , Manuel Aranda
    • , Daniel J. Barshis
    • , Line Bay
    • , Michael L. Berumen
    • , David G. Bourne
    • , Neal Cantin
    • , Sylvain Foret
    • , Mikhail Matz
    • , David J. Miller
    • , Aurelie Moya
    • , Hollie M. Putnam
    • , Timothy Ravasi
    • , Madeleine J. H. van Oppen
    • , Rebecca Vega Thurber
    • , Jeremie Vidal-Dupiol
    • , Christian R. Voolstra
    • , Sue-Ann Watson
    • , Emma Whitelaw
    • , Bette L. Willis
    •  & Philip L. Munday
  • Commentary |

    Solar geoengineering is no substitute for cutting emissions, but could nevertheless help reduce the atmospheric carbon burden. In the extreme, if solar geoengineering were used to hold radiative forcing constant under RCP8.5, the carbon burden may be reduced by 100 GTC, equivalent to 12–26% of twenty-first-century emissions at a cost of under US$0.5 per tCO2.

    • David W. Keith
    • , Gernot Wagner
    •  & Claire L. Zabel
  • Commentary |

    Changing climates are outpacing some components of our food systems. Risk assessments need to account for these rates of change. Assessing risk transmission mechanisms across sectors and international boundaries and coordinating policies across governments are key steps in addressing this challenge.

    • Andrew J. Challinor
    • , W. Neil Adger
    •  & Tim G. Benton
  • Commentary |

    To enable society to better manage the risks and opportunities arising from changes in climate, engagement between the users and the providers of climate information needs to be much more effective and should better link climate information with decision-making.

    • Chris D. Hewitt
    • , Roger C. Stone
    •  & Andrew B. Tait
  • Editorial |

    Public participation in climate change research is reaching new-found heights due to an explosion in the number and diversity of citizen-science projects. These offer distinct opportunities for scientists to encourage education and outreach whilst maximising scientific gain.

  • Letter |

    A warmer climate is generally expected to favour smaller organisms and steeper body-mass–abundance scaling through food webs. Results from across a stream temperature gradient now show that this effect can be offset by increasing nutrient supply.

    • Eoin J. O’Gorman
    • , Lei Zhao
    • , Doris E. Pichler
    • , Georgina Adams
    • , Nikolai Friberg
    • , Björn C. Rall
    • , Alex Seeney
    • , Huayong Zhang
    • , Daniel C. Reuman
    •  & Guy Woodward