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Social sciences - Transport

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5 May 2013

Effects of climate change on US grain transport

Climate-induced shifts in crop mix may affect the grain transport system. In the US, evidence now shows that changing crop mixes reduce the importance of Lower Mississippi River ports, but increase the role of ports in the Pacific Northwest, Great Lakes and Atlantic.

  • Witsanu Attavanich
  • Bruce A. McCarl
  • Zafarbek Ahmedov
  • Stephen W. Fuller
  • Dmitry V. Vedenov
Letter
8 Apr 2013

Intensification of winter transatlantic aviation turbulence in response to climate change

Most weather-related aircraft incidents are caused by atmospheric turbulence; however, the effects of changing climate are not known. Climate model simulations show that clear-air turbulence, associated with jet streams, changes significantly for the transatlantic flight corridor when atmospheric carbon dioxide is doubled. These results suggest that climate change will lead to bumpier transatlantic flights by the middle of this century.

  • Paul D. Williams
  • Manoj M. Joshi
Letter
26 Mar 2013

Sea-Ice extent: Arctic marine access

  • Bronwyn Wake
Research Highlights
26 Feb 2013

International trade: Global freight emissions

  • Monica Contestabile
Research Highlights
21 Dec 2012

Round two for EU climate policy

A reformed carbon market is the only agreed priority among European policymakers for 2030, but the transport sector will need to change as well, explains Sonja van Renssen

  • Sonja van Renssen
Policy Watch
26 Oct 2012

Stuck on shipping

Political bickering and market complexities are stymieing attempts to regulate international shipping emissions, reports Sonja van Renssen.

  • Sonja van Renssen
Policy Watch
28 Aug 2012

Emissions accounting: International freight impact

  • Monica Contestabile
Research Highlights
17 Jun 2012

Bridging the greenhouse-gas emissions gap

Twenty-one coherent major initiatives could together stimulate sufficient reductions by 2020 to bridge the global greenhouse-gas emissions gap.

  • Kornelis Blok
  • Niklas Höhne
  • Kees van der Leun
  • Nicholas Harrison
Commentary
26 Apr 2012

Guilt trip

As the evidence for a tight link between greenhouse-gas emissions and climate change accrues, scientists — and editors — should moderate their use of international air travel.

Editorial
26 Apr 2012

Realizing the electric-vehicle revolution

Substantial work has shown the potential energy and climate benefits of full battery electric vehicles (BEVs) — an important policy option to mitigate climate change — but there are still uncertainties about their market diffusion. Research shows the importance of assessing BEV diffusion from an integrated perspective, focusing on the interaction between technology and behaviour.

  • Martino Tran
  • David Banister
  • Justin D. K. Bishop
  • Malcolm D. McCulloch
Review
22 Apr 2012

Climate battle for the skies

Tackling greenhouse-gas emissions from aircraft was never going to be easy, but Europe is laying the groundwork. Sonja van Renssen investigates whether the plans have wings.

  • Sonja van Renssen
Policy Watch
27 Jan 2012

Meteorology: Shipping emissions

  • Rory Howlett
Research Highlights
27 Jan 2012

End of an era

  • Olive Heffernan
Books and Arts
20 Dec 2011

Technology: Liquid hydrogen

  • Nicola Jones
Research Highlights
20 Dec 2011

Policy: A challenging future for cars

The rising demand for road vehicles increases Europe's oil dependency and carbon emissions. Switching to alternative cars and fuels can help energy security and climate change policy, if consumers can be persuaded.

  • David A. Howey
News and Views
11 Dec 2011

The final carbon frontier

It is responsible for the fastest-growing and second-largest source of carbon emissions, so can transport clean up its act? Europe is leading the charge on tackling the problem.

  • Sonja van Renssen
News Feature
28 Nov 2011

Mitigation: Accounting for air freight

  • Anna Petherick
Research Highlights
27 Oct 2011

Microbiology: Fungi for fuel

  • Anna Petherick
Research Highlights
27 Oct 2011

A biofuel conundrum

As scientists raise alarming questions about the true carbon cost of some biofuels, policymakers must decide how best to promote low-emission versions, reports Sonja van Renssen.

  • Sonja van Renssen
Policy Watch
27 Oct 2011

Mitigation: Car pool

  • Anna Petherick
Research Highlights
26 Aug 2011

Electric highway

  • Sid Perkins
Snapshot
14 Aug 2011

Unloading truck emissions

Moving freight over land is a dirty job, fraught with political complexities. Anna Petherick looks at the economic issues behind cleaning it up.

  • Anna Petherick
Market Watch
24 Jul 2011

Low-carbon electricity for 2030

From genius grids to sassy storage, three-dozen experts figure out the next-generation power puzzle.

  • Hannah Hoag
News Feature
3 Jun 2011

A cloudy picture

  • Paul Steele
Correspondence
29 May 2011

Divergent long-term trajectories of human access to the Arctic

Subzero temperatures at high latitudes typically restrict shipping but facilitate ground transportation. A study quantifies the impacts of climate change on Arctic transportation by mid-century and finds that all eight Arctic states will probably suffer steep declines in inland transport, but will reap the benefits of faster sea travel.

  • Scott R. Stephenson
  • Laurence C. Smith
  • John A. Agnew
Letter
17 Apr 2011

Mitigation: A sweetener for biofuels

The climate impact of biofuels is usually considered in terms of their net effect on greenhouse-gas emissions. The expansion of sugar cane into pastureland for biofuel production is now shown to also exert a direct local cooling effect.

  • Richard A. Betts
News and Views
29 Mar 2011

Global radiative forcing from contrail cirrus

Aviation is known to affect climate by changing cloudiness, but the magnitude of this effect remains uncertain. A modelling study indicates that changes in cloudiness associated with spreading of the line-shaped contrails that form behind aircraft may cause almost an order of magnitude more warming than the contrails alone.

  • Ulrike Burkhardt
  • Bernd Kärcher
Article
29 Mar 2011

Atmospheric science: Seeing through contrails

Contrails formed by aircraft can evolve into cirrus clouds indistinguishable from those formed naturally. These 'spreading contrails' may be causing more climate warming today than all the carbon dioxide emitted by aircraft since the start of aviation.

  • Olivier Boucher
News and Views
2 Nov 2010

Health: Aerosol effects

Gauging the health benefits of cutting cooling aerosols remains a challenge.

  • Sid Perkins
Research Highlights