Latest Research

  • Letter |

    The rate of carbon burning—12C + 12C fusion—in stars is boosted by resonant behaviour at astrophysical energies.

    • A. Tumino
    • , C. Spitaleri
    • , M. La Cognata
    • , S. Cherubini
    • , G. L. Guardo
    • , M. Gulino
    • , S. Hayakawa
    • , I. Indelicato
    • , L. Lamia
    • , H. Petrascu
    • , R. G. Pizzone
    • , S. M. R. Puglia
    • , G. G. Rapisarda
    • , S. Romano
    • , M. L. Sergi
    • , R. Spartá
    •  & L. Trache
  • Letter |

    Stimulation of Wnt and Nodal pathways in micropatterned human embryonic stem cell colonies induce these colonies to exhibit characteristic spatial expression patterns of the organizer and reproduce organizer function when grafted into a host embryo.

    • I. Martyn
    • , T. Y. Kanno
    • , A. Ruzo
    • , E. D. Siggia
    •  & A. H. Brivanlou
  • Letter |

    Using estimates of metabolic costs of the brain and body, mathematical predictions suggest that the evolution of adult Homo sapiens-sized brains and bodies is driven by ecological rather than social challenges and is perhaps strongly promoted by culture.

    • Mauricio González-Forero
    •  & Andy Gardner
  • Letter |

    Analyses of antibody dynamics and subclinical infections show that across the population, variability in the infection strength of dengue viruses results in large-scale temporal changes in infection and disease risk that correlate poorly with age.

    • Henrik Salje
    • , Derek A. T. Cummings
    • , Isabel Rodriguez-Barraquer
    • , Leah C. Katzelnick
    • , Justin Lessler
    • , Chonticha Klungthong
    • , Butsaya Thaisomboonsuk
    • , Ananda Nisalak
    • , Alden Weg
    • , Damon Ellison
    • , Louis Macareo
    • , In-Kyu Yoon
    • , Richard Jarman
    • , Stephen Thomas
    • , Alan L. Rothman
    • , Timothy Endy
    •  & Simon Cauchemez
  • Letter |

    The fundamental limits to plasmon damping in graphene are determined using nanoscale infrared imaging at cryogenic temperatures, and plasmon polaritons are observed to propagate over 10 micrometres in high-mobility encapsulated graphene.

    • G. X. Ni
    • , A. S. McLeod
    • , Z. Sun
    • , L. Wang
    • , L. Xiong
    • , K. W. Post
    • , S. S. Sunku
    • , B.-Y. Jiang
    • , J. Hone
    • , C. R. Dean
    • , M. M. Fogler
    •  & D. N. Basov
  • Letter |

    The urban-heat-island effect drives community-level shifts towards smaller body sizes; however, habitat fragmentation caused by urbanization favours larger body sizes in species with positive size–dispersal links.

    • Thomas Merckx
    • , Caroline Souffreau
    • , Aurélien Kaiser
    • , Lisa F. Baardsen
    • , Thierry Backeljau
    • , Dries Bonte
    • , Kristien I. Brans
    • , Marie Cours
    • , Maxime Dahirel
    • , Nicolas Debortoli
    • , Katrien De Wolf
    • , Jessie M. T. Engelen
    • , Diego Fontaneto
    • , Andros T. Gianuca
    • , Lynn Govaert
    • , Frederik Hendrickx
    • , Janet Higuti
    • , Luc Lens
    • , Koen Martens
    • , Hans Matheve
    • , Erik Matthysen
    • , Elena Piano
    • , Rose Sablon
    • , Isa Schön
    • , Karine Van Doninck
    • , Luc De Meester
    •  & Hans Van Dyck
  • Article |

    Crystal structures of the Legionella effector SdeA in a ligand-free state and in complex with ubiquitin and NADH provide insight into SdeA-mediated phosphoribosyl-linked ubiquitination.

    • Yanan Dong
    • , Yajuan Mu
    • , Yongchao Xie
    • , Yupeng Zhang
    • , Youyou Han
    • , Yu Zhou
    • , Wenhe Wang
    • , Zihe Liu
    • , Mei Wu
    • , Hao Wang
    • , Man Pan
    • , Ning Xu
    • , Cong-Qiao Xu
    • , Maojun Yang
    • , Shilong Fan
    • , Haiteng Deng
    • , Tianwei Tan
    • , Xiaoyun Liu
    • , Lei Liu
    • , Jun Li
    • , Jiawei Wang
    • , Xianyang Fang
    •  & Yue Feng
  • Letter |

    Radiation from the ‘black widow’ pulsar B1957+20 is amplified when a companion brown dwarf passes in front of the source, suggesting that plasma flowing from the companion acts as a lens.

    • Robert Main
    • , I-Sheng Yang
    • , Victor Chan
    • , Dongzi Li
    • , Fang Xi Lin
    • , Nikhil Mahajan
    • , Ue-Li Pen
    • , Keith Vanderlinde
    •  & Marten H. van Kerkwijk
  • Letter |

    ADNP interacts with the chromatin remodeller CHD4 and the heterochromatin protein HP1 to form a complex termed ChAHP that represses gene expression independently of the histone H3K9me3 modification.

    • Veronika Ostapcuk
    • , Fabio Mohn
    • , Sarah H. Carl
    • , Anja Basters
    • , Daniel Hess
    • , Vytautas Iesmantavicius
    • , Lisa Lampersberger
    • , Matyas Flemr
    • , Aparna Pandey
    • , Nicolas H. Thomä
    • , Joerg Betschinger
    •  & Marc Bühler
  • Letter |

    A ‘magneto-Peltier effect’ produces cooling or heating in a material without junctions, by forcing a change in angle between the current and magnetization in a single ferromagnetic nickel slab.

    • Ken-ichi Uchida
    • , Shunsuke Daimon
    • , Ryo Iguchi
    •  & Eiji Saitoh
  • Letter |

    Measurements of the quark pressure distribution in the proton reveal a strong repulsive pressure near the proton’s centre (stronger than the pressure in neutron stars) and a binding pressure at greater distances.

    • V. D. Burkert
    • , L. Elouadrhiri
    •  & F. X. Girod
  • Letter |

    Observation of the emission line of doubly ionized oxygen at a redshift of 9.1096 reveals that star formation began at a redshift of about 15, around 250 million years after the Big Bang.

    • Takuya Hashimoto
    • , Nicolas Laporte
    • , Ken Mawatari
    • , Richard S. Ellis
    • , Akio K. Inoue
    • , Erik Zackrisson
    • , Guido Roberts-Borsani
    • , Wei Zheng
    • , Yoichi Tamura
    • , Franz E. Bauer
    • , Thomas Fletcher
    • , Yuichi Harikane
    • , Bunyo Hatsukade
    • , Natsuki H. Hayatsu
    • , Yuichi Matsuda
    • , Hiroshi Matsuo
    • , Takashi Okamoto
    • , Masami Ouchi
    • , Roser Pelló
    • , Claes-Erik Rydberg
    • , Ikkoh Shimizu
    • , Yoshiaki Taniguchi
    • , Hideki Umehata
    •  & Naoki Yoshida