Table of Contents

Volume 548 Number 7665 pp5-130

3 August 2017

About the cover

The cover image shows the tracks formed as the result of a collision between two gold nuclei in the STAR experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider at Brookhaven National Laboratory in New York. When such heavy ions collide, they form exotic states of matter that are fluid in nature. If the two particles hit non-centrally, this fluid is predicted to have vortices. In this week’s issue, the STAR Collaboration reports experimental observation of such vortices for the first time. The team reveals that the quark-gluon plasma that results from the collision has the highest vorticity ever observed. This work could offer fresh insight into the forces that bind quarks inside a proton. Cover image: courtesy of Alex Schmah

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    Brief Communication Arising





    • Hypothalamic stem cells control ageing speed partly through exosomal miRNAs

      • Yalin Zhang
      • Min Soo Kim
      • Baosen Jia
      • Jingqi Yan
      • Juan Pablo Zuniga-Hertz
      • Cheng Han
      • Dongsheng Cai

      Ablation of hypothalamic stem/progenitor cells in mice leads to ageing-related decreases in physiological parameters and lifespan, and the speed of ageing is partially controlled by these cells through the release of exosomal miRNAs.


    • An ultrahot gas-giant exoplanet with a stratosphere

      • Thomas M. Evans
      • David K. Sing
      • Tiffany Kataria
      • Jayesh Goyal
      • Nikolay Nikolov
      • Hannah R. Wakeford
      • Drake Deming
      • Mark S. Marley
      • David S. Amundsen
      • Gilda E. Ballester
      • Joanna K. Barstow
      • Lotfi Ben-Jaffel
      • Vincent Bourrier
      • Lars A. Buchhave
      • Ofer Cohen
      • David Ehrenreich
      • Antonio García Muñoz
      • Gregory W. Henry
      • Heather Knutson
      • Panayotis Lavvas
      • Alain Lecavelier des Etangs
      • Nikole K. Lewis
      • Mercedes López-Morales
      • Avi M. Mandell
      • Jorge Sanz-Forcada
      • Pascal Tremblin
      • Roxana Lupu

      Observations of the gas-giant exoplanet WASP-121b reveal near-infrared emission lines of water, suggesting that the planet has a stratosphere—a layer in the upper atmosphere where temperature increases with altitude.

      See also
    • Observation of the hyperfine spectrum of antihydrogenOpen

      • M. Ahmadi
      • B. X. R. Alves
      • C. J. Baker
      • W. Bertsche
      • E. Butler
      • A. Capra
      • C. Carruth
      • C. L. Cesar
      • M. Charlton
      • S. Cohen
      • R. Collister
      • S. Eriksson
      • A. Evans
      • N. Evetts
      • J. Fajans
      • T. Friesen
      • M. C. Fujiwara
      • D. R. Gill
      • A. Gutierrez
      • J. S. Hangst
      • W. N. Hardy
      • M. E. Hayden
      • C. A. Isaac
      • A. Ishida
      • M. A. Johnson
      • S. A. Jones
      • S. Jonsell
      • L. Kurchaninov
      • N. Madsen
      • M. Mathers
      • D. Maxwell
      • J. T. K. McKenna
      • S. Menary
      • J. M. Michan
      • T. Momose
      • J. J. Munich
      • P. Nolan
      • K. Olchanski
      • A. Olin
      • P. Pusa
      • C. Ø. Rasmussen
      • F. Robicheaux
      • R. L. Sacramento
      • M. Sameed
      • E. Sarid
      • D. M. Silveira
      • S. Stracka
      • G. Stutter
      • C. So
      • T. D. Tharp
      • J. E. Thompson
      • R. I. Thompson
      • D. P. van der Werf
      • J. S. Wurtele

      The hyperfine splitting of antihydrogen has been measured and is consistent with expectations for atomic hydrogen.

    • Elements of Eoarchean life trapped in mineral inclusions

      • T. Hassenkam
      • M. P. Andersson
      • K. N. Dalby
      • D. M. A. Mackenzie
      • M. T. Rosing

      In situ infrared spectroscopy maps the occurrences of chemical bonds within tiny inclusions in 3,700-million-year-old metasedimentary rocks from West Greenland, finding greater evidence for organic life at this early date.

    • Persistent anthrax as a major driver of wildlife mortality in a tropical rainforest

      • Constanze Hoffmann
      • Fee Zimmermann
      • Roman Biek
      • Hjalmar Kuehl
      • Kathrin Nowak
      • Roger Mundry
      • Anthony Agbor
      • Samuel Angedakin
      • Mimi Arandjelovic
      • Anja Blankenburg
      • Gregory Brazolla
      • Katherine Corogenes
      • Emmanuel Couacy-Hymann
      • Tobias Deschner
      • Paula Dieguez
      • Karsten Dierks
      • Ariane Düx
      • Susann Dupke
      • Henk Eshuis
      • Pierre Formenty
      • Yisa Ginath Yuh
      • Annemarie Goedmakers
      • Jan F. Gogarten
      • Anne-Céline Granjon
      • Scott McGraw
      • Roland Grunow
      • John Hart
      • Sorrel Jones
      • Jessica Junker
      • John Kiang
      • Kevin Langergraber
      • Juan Lapuente
      • Kevin Lee
      • Siv Aina Leendertz
      • Floraine Léguillon
      • Vera Leinert
      • Therese Löhrich
      • Sergio Marrocoli
      • Kerstin Mätz-Rensing
      • Amelia Meier
      • Kevin Merkel
      • Sonja Metzger
      • Mizuki Murai
      • Svenja Niedorf
      • Hélène De Nys
      • Andreas Sachse
      • Joost van Schijndel
      • Ulla Thiesen
      • Els Ton
      • Doris Wu
      • Lothar H. Wieler
      • Christophe Boesch
      • Silke R. Klee
      • Roman M. Wittig
      • Sébastien Calvignac-Spencer
      • Fabian H. Leendertz

      An anthrax-causing agent, Bacillus cereus biovar anthracis, is a persistent and widespread cause of death for a broad range of mammalian hosts in a tropical rainforest, with important implications for the conservation of mammals such as chimpanzees.

      See also
    • Sequencing and de novo assembly of 150 genomes from Denmark as a population referenceOpen

      • Lasse Maretty
      • Jacob Malte Jensen
      • Bent Petersen
      • Jonas Andreas Sibbesen
      • Siyang Liu
      • Palle Villesen
      • Laurits Skov
      • Kirstine Belling
      • Christian Theil Have
      • Jose M. G. Izarzugaza
      • Marie Grosjean
      • Jette Bork-Jensen
      • Jakob Grove
      • Thomas D. Als
      • Shujia Huang
      • Yuqi Chang
      • Ruiqi Xu
      • Weijian Ye
      • Junhua Rao
      • Xiaosen Guo
      • Jihua Sun
      • Hongzhi Cao
      • Chen Ye
      • Johan van Beusekom
      • Thomas Espeseth
      • Esben Flindt
      • Rune M. Friborg
      • Anders E. Halager
      • Stephanie Le Hellard
      • Christina M. Hultman
      • Francesco Lescai
      • Shengting Li
      • Ole Lund
      • Peter Løngren
      • Thomas Mailund
      • Maria Luisa Matey-Hernandez
      • Ole Mors
      • Christian N. S. Pedersen
      • Thomas Sicheritz-Pontén
      • Patrick Sullivan
      • Ali Syed
      • David Westergaard
      • Rachita Yadav
      • Ning Li
      • Xun Xu
      • Torben Hansen
      • Anders Krogh
      • Lars Bolund
      • Thorkild I. A. Sørensen
      • Oluf Pedersen
      • Ramneek Gupta
      • Simon Rasmussen
      • Søren Besenbacher
      • Anders D. Børglum
      • Jun Wang
      • Hans Eiberg
      • Karsten Kristiansen
      • Søren Brunak
      • Mikkel Heide Schierup

      A report of high-depth, short-read sequencing and de novo assemblies for 150 individuals from 50 parent–offspring trios as part of establishing a population reference genome for the GenomeDenmark project.

    • In vivo FRET–FLIM reveals cell-type-specific protein interactions in Arabidopsis roots

      • Yuchen Long
      • Yvonne Stahl
      • Stefanie Weidtkamp-Peters
      • Marten Postma
      • Wenkun Zhou
      • Joachim Goedhart
      • María-Isabel Sánchez-Pérez
      • Theodorus W. J. Gadella
      • Rüdiger Simon
      • Ben Scheres
      • Ikram Blilou

      Imaging in living Arabidopsis roots reveals that protein complexes can change their conformation in a cell-type-dependent manner to regulate specific gene expression programs leading to precise specification and maintenance of particular cell fates within the root meristem.

    • Stimulation of functional neuronal regeneration from Müller glia in adult mice

      • Nikolas L. Jorstad
      • Matthew S. Wilken
      • William N. Grimes
      • Stefanie G. Wohl
      • Leah S. VandenBosch
      • Takeshi Yoshimatsu
      • Rachel O. Wong
      • Fred Rieke
      • Thomas A. Reh

      Inhibition of histone deacetylation allows the transcription factor Ascl1 to bind to key gene loci in Müller glia and drive the functional generation of retinal neurons in adult mice.

    • Rapid elicitation of broadly neutralizing antibodies to HIV by immunization in cows

      • Devin Sok
      • Khoa M. Le
      • Melissa Vadnais
      • Karen L. Saye-Francisco
      • Joseph G. Jardine
      • Jonathan L. Torres
      • Zachary T. Berndsen
      • Leopold Kong
      • Robyn Stanfield
      • Jennifer Ruiz
      • Alejandra Ramos
      • Chi-Hui Liang
      • Patricia L. Chen
      • Michael F. Criscitiello
      • Waithaka Mwangi
      • Ian A. Wilson
      • Andrew B. Ward
      • Vaughn V. Smider
      • Dennis R. Burton

      Immunization of cows with a recombinant HIV envelope protein leads to the rapid development of potent, broadly neutralizing antibodies against HIV.