Books in brief

Journal name:
Nature
Volume:
546,
Page:
597
Date published:
DOI:
doi:10.1038/546597a
Published online

Barbara Kiser reviews five of the week's best science picks.

Mass

Jim Baggott Oxford University Press (2017) ISBN: 9780198759713

Buy this book: US UK Japan

How did our understanding of mass evolve from the geometric atoms of ancient Greece to the quantum ghostliness of today? Jim Baggott ingeniously contextualizes that eventful science history. He evokes successive world views as crucibles for the evolving theories of geniuses, from atomist Leucippus through Enlightenment revolutionaries such as Isaac Newton to Albert Einstein, John Wheeler and fellow architects of the twentieth-century watershed. Today, the fundamental structure of physical reality remains elusive — but that, Baggott argues, is what the thrill of the chase is all about.

The Evolution of Imagination

Stephen T. Asma University of Chicago Press (2017) ISBN: 9780226225166

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From testing a theory to playing bebop, improvisation is the fount of creativity — it's even the primal driver in our natural history. So argues philosopher and jazz musician Stephen Asma, who draws on neuroscience and animal behaviour for this intriguing, if occasionally chewy, foray into human evolution. Looking at improvisation from pre-linguistic expression (such as dance) to storytelling, Asma explores how we actively engage the imagination to create our own 'virtual realities' and to build just societies, as well as to foster the adaptability we need to negotiate life's changes.

The Ends of the World

Peter Brannen Ecco (2017) ISBN: 9780062364807

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In the middle of Earth's 'sixth mass extinction', we might recall that the other five were no picnic, science journalist Peter Brannen reminds us. He goes on the road and into deep time with geologists and palaeontologists to examine what we know of these cataclysms, which played out from 444 million to 65 million years ago. That long, piecemeal goodbye to creatures such as the killer placoderm Dunkleosteus and the giant sloth — wiped out by ice, lava flows or asteroid impacts — drives home how thin the “glaze of interesting chemistry” on the third rock from the Sun really is.

The Seabird's Cry

Adam Nicolson William Collins (2017) ISBN: 9780008165697

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Albatross, kittiwake, gannet: the extraordinary physiology and navigational capacity of seabirds have inspired scientists and poets for centuries. Yet their numbers have crashed by 70% over the past 60 years. In this lyrical and assured scientific study, Adam Nicolson captures the worlds of 10 species on the wing, from a fulmar's 6,280-kilometre ocean journey — an astounding feat of memory and fine-tuned adaptation — to a shearwater sniffing out krill by the dimethyl sulfide they emit. A hymn to the great edge-dwellers that are also “the barometer of whole oceans”.

The Plant Messiah

Carlos Magdalena Viking (2017) ISBN: 9780241292327

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This full-throttle memoir by tropical horticulturalist Carlos Magdalena is a window on the exploits that underpin the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew — overseer of the largest wild-plant seed bank in the world. Magdalena specializes in plants on the brink of extinction, and his quests for (and repatriation of) species such as the café marron (Ramosmania rodriguesii), native to the Indian Ocean island of Rodrigues, reveal the rare mix of zeal and patience needed to hunt vanishing plants and coax their seeds into germinating.

Comments

  1. Report this comment #70207

    Phil Sandine said:

    In Kiser's review of The Ends of the World she wrote: "In the middle of Earth's 'sixth mass extinction', we might recall that the other five were no picnic".

    So far, there is no credible evidence that we are in a "mass extinction". A recent article in the Atlantic supports that statement; excerpts from the article.

    ?As scientists we have a responsibility to be accurate about such comparisons.?

    ....I had a chance to sit down with Erwin after his talk at the annual geology conference.

    ?If we?re really in a mass extinction......go get a case of scotch,? he said.
    .... trying to stop a mass extinction after it?s started would be a little like calling for a building?s preservation while it?s imploding.

    ?People who claim we?re in the sixth mass extinction don?t understand enough about mass extinctions to understand the logical flaw in their argument,? he said. ?To a certain extent they?re claiming it as a way of frightening people into action, when in fact, if it?s actually true we?re in a sixth mass extinction, then there?s no point in conservation biology.?

    This is because by the time a mass extinction starts, the world would already be over.

    ?So if we really are in the middle of a mass extinction,? I started, ?it wouldn?t be a matter of saving tigers and elephants??

    ?Right, you probably have to worry about saving coyotes and rats.

    ....?I think that if we keep things up long enough, we?ll get to a mass extinction, but we?re not in a mass extinction yet, and I think that?s an optimistic discovery because that means we actually have time to avoid Armageddon,? he said.

    Erwin?s other point, that the magnitude of the Big Five mass extinctions in earth?s past dwarfs humanity?s destruction thus far, is a subtle one. He?s not trying to downplay the tremendous destruction wrought by humans, but reminding us that claims about mass extinctions are inevitably claims about paleontology and the fossil record.

    https://www.theatlantic.com/ science/archive/2017/06/the- ends-of-the-world/529545/

    Phil

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