Table of Contents

Volume 509 Number 7502 pp533-656

29 May 2014

About the cover

More than a decade after publication of the draft human genome sequence, there is no direct equivalent for the human proteome. But in this issue of Nature two groups present mass spectrometry-based analysis of human tissues, body fluids and cells mapping the large majority of the human proteome. Akhilesh Pandey and colleagues identified 17,294 protein-coding genes and provide evidence of tissue- and cell-restricted proteins through expression profiling. They highlight the importance of proteogenomic analysis by identifying translated proteins from annotated pseudogenes, non-coding RNAs and untranslated regions. The data set is available on http://www.humanproteomemap.org. Bernhard Kuster and colleagues have assembled protein evidence for 18,097 genes in ProteomicsDB (available on https://www.proteomicsdb.org) and highlight the utility of the data, for example the identification of hundreds of translated lincRNAs, drug-sensitivity markers and discovering the quantitative relationship between mRNA and protein levels in tissues. Elsewhere in this issue, Vivien Marx reports on a third major proteomics project, the antibody-based Human Protein Atlas programme (http://www.proteinatlas.org/). Cover: Nik Spencer/Nature

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  • A draft map of the human proteome

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    A mass-spectrometry-based draft of the human proteome and a public database for analysis of proteome data are presented; assembled information is used to estimate the size of the protein-coding genome, to identify organ-specific proteins, proteins predicting drug resistance or sensitivity, and many translated long intergenic non-coding RNAs, and to reveal conserved control of protein abundance.

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