Time to automate identification

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Taxonomists should work with specialists in pattern recognition, machine learning and artificial intelligence, say Norman MacLeod, Mark Benfield and Phil Culverhouse — more accuracy and less drudgery will result.


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  1. Norman MacLeod is in the Palaeontology Department of the Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, UK.

  2. Mark Benfield is in the Department of Oceanography and Coastal Sciences, School of the Coast and Environment, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803, USA.

  3. Phil Culverhouse is at the Centre for Robotics and Neural Systems, University of Plymouth, Plymouth PL4 8AA. UK.

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