Letter

Nature 455, 380-382 (18 September 2008) | doi:10.1038/nature07237; Received 28 February 2008; Accepted 4 July 2008

Chiral colloidal clusters

D. Zerrouki1, J. Baudry1, D. Pine2, P. Chaikin2 & J. Bibette1

  1. Laboratoire Colloïdes et Matériaux Divisés, ESPCI, UPMC, CNRS, ParisTech, 10 rue Vauquelin, 75005 Paris, France
  2. Center for Soft Matter Research, Department of Physics, New York University, 4 Washington Place, New York, New York 10003, USA

Correspondence to: J. Bibette1 Correspondence and requests for materials should be addressed to J.B. (Email: jerome.bibette@espci.fr).

Chirality is an important element of biology, chemistry and physics. Once symmetry is broken and a handedness is established, biochemical pathways are set. In DNA, the double helix arises from the existence of two competing length scales, one set by the distance between monomers in the sugar backbone, and the other set by the stacking of the base pairs1. Here we use a colloidal system to explore a simple forcing route to chiral structures. To do so we have designed magnetic colloids that, depending on both their shape and induced magnetization, self-assemble with controlled helicity. We model the two length scales with asymmetric colloidal dumbbells linked by a magnetic belt at their waist. In the presence of a magnetic field the belts assemble into a chain and the steric constraints imposed by the asymmetric spheres force the chain to coil. We show that if the size ratio between the spheres is large enough, a single helicity is adopted, right or left. The realization of chiral colloidal clusters opens up a new link between colloidal science and chemistry. These colloidal clusters may also find use as mesopolymers, as optical and light-activated structures2, and as models for enantiomeric separation.

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