Books and Arts

Nature 452, 156 (13 March 2008) | doi:10.1038/452156a; Published online 12 March 2008

Exhibition: Beauty meets utility at MoMA

Josie Glausiusz1

EXHIBIT REVIEWED

A pudgy, pink, pig-like creature, lacking a head but sprouting a tuft of unruly hair, sits in a corner of the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in New York. Epidermits, a stubby-legged quadruped, was purportedly spawned from a skin-and-hair-cell culture grown from a human cheek swab, and is fed on a 'sustain solution' infused through its tail. If carefully nurtured, it could be expected to live as long as "a large dog or a donated kidney".

So says designer Stuart Karten, who claims that his ten-centimetre-long, yet-to-be-realized organism could be a pet of the future. Our ability to incorporate such fantastic ideas into everyday life is the subject of MoMA's new exhibition, Design and the Elastic Mind, which explores the myriad ways in which our minds rapidly adapt to technological changes. This marvellous hodge-podge of exhibits comprises 200 creations that range in size from nano-scale smiley-faces stitched together from viral DNA, to an imposing five-metre-tall sculpture by Chuck Hoberman called Emergent Surface — a screen of twisting and unfolding slatted steel panels that move in response to changes in light. Practical gadgets sit beside whimsical pieces such as the 'smell augmentation' plugs that artist Susana Soares invites us to stuff up our nostrils.

ExhibitionBeauty meets utility at MoMA

UCLA/COLLOIDIA

IMAGE BY T. G. MASON/C. J. HERNANDEZ

'Colloidal Alphabet Soup': these 7-micrometre-long polymer letters could be used to label individual cells.

At their best, these devices marry beauty and utility. Martin and ErikDemaine, a father-and-son team from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), created Computational Origami — delicately folded, interlocking paper loops that demonstrate the use of computer-aided design to squeeze large objects into small spaces. A similar concept underlies Robert Lang's origami models of the Fresnel lens for the Eyeglass Space Telescope (a mothballed project of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California). The lens, if realized, could have been scrunched up, launched and then expanded in space to a diameter of 100 metres — roughly the length of an American football field. Elegance and expediency also underlie the Sonumbra sculpture created by Rachel Wingfield and Mathias Gmachl, a tree-like 'sonic shade of light' that transforms peoples' movements via software into serene sounds that are reminiscent of those produced with a Tibetan singing bowl. Solar cells embedded in the green, umbrella-like shade of Sonumbra harvest energy during the day to power the lights at night.

Some of the most compelling items in Design and the Elastic Mind are simple, yet could prove essential to populations that lack basic equipment. Bernhard Weigl's credit-card-sized 'Lab on a Card' can diagnose an intestinal infection from a small faecal sample in 20 minutes. Emili Padrós's 'Non-Stop Shoes' use the energy generated from walking and stair-climbing to run lamps and radios. Similarly, the green-keyed XO laptop computer designed by MIT's Media Lab is "lighter than a lunchbox" and has a battery that can be recharged by pulling a cord wrapped like a yo-yo. It is being distributed to schools in Uruguay, Afghanistan, Cambodia and Mexico, among others, as part of the 'One Laptop Per Child' project, a non-profit programme to deliver laptops to the world's poorest children in remote areas.

What makes the exhibition so electrifying is the imagination that drives these innovations. A charming example is a series of drawings inspired by artist Alan Outten, who challenged British primary-school children to design the future. Their inventions included 'Super-Human Mermaid', a genetically engineered human with the genes, gills and tails of a fish "in case the world floods due to pollution", and 'The Apple Phone', a tree with man-made seeds that "use nature as their energy source" to grow apple-like telephones, "so if you are having a private conversation, you just eat the apple". To quote Outten, I left the exhibition "with a sense that creativity and design are safe in the hands of the next generation".

Design and the Elastic Mind runs at the Museum of Modern Art, New York, until 12 May (http://www.moma.org).

  1. Josie Glausiusz is a journalist based in New York.