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Editorials

Pulling rank p969

Why should US military personnel be singled out for genetic discrimination?

doi:10.1038/448969a


More than lip service p969

Biology and physics have much to offer each other — but they must forge equitable partnerships.

doi:10.1038/448969b


Space for capitalism p970

Rich people who play with rockets should be encouraged, but not subsidized.

doi:10.1038/448970a


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Research Highlights

Research highlights p972

doi:10.1038/448972a


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Journal Club

Journal club p973

doi:10.1038/448973a


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News

Air force had early warning of pulsars p974

Staff sergeant spotted neutron star before astronomers.

Geoff Brumfiel

doi:10.1038/448974a


Market takes a gamble on carbon futures p974

Business is booming on Europe's emissions market.

Emma Marris

doi:10.1038/448974b


Sidelines p976

doi:10.1038/448976a


Cheaper approaches to flu divide researchers p976

Could anti-inflammatory drugs replace Tamiflu for the next pandemic?

Declan Butler

doi:10.1038/448976b


Flying insects threaten to deafen Japan p977

Cicadas cut off Osaka's citizens from their Internet connections.

David Cyranoski

doi:10.1038/448977a


Space, science and the bottom line p978

NASA's head of science, Alan Stern, talks of Mars, Moon and the Universe.

doi:10.1038/448978a


No confidence vote for agency head p979

Director of NIH environmental agency under investigation.

Emma Marris

doi:10.1038/448979a


News in brief p980

doi:10.1038/448980a


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Business

How to make it in Moscow p983

Life for scientific entrepreneurs in Russia can be fraught with difficulty. Alison Abbott meets one who has ridden the rapids for more than a decade.

doi:10.1038/448983a


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News Features

Physics in the cell: Spring theory p984

Physicists interested in the mechanics of single molecules are helping open one of the blackest boxes in biology. Brendan Maher discovers how the disciplines are working together.

doi:10.1038/448984a


Space: Dreams of the new space race p988

When it was trying to catapult satellites into orbit the private launch business didn't get very far. Can it do better now that it's focused on giving the rich the ride of their life, asks David Chandler.

doi:10.1038/448988a

See also: Editor's summary


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Correspondence

Libya should stop denying scientific evidence on HIV p992

Vittorio Colizzi, Tulio de Oliveira & Richard J. Roberts

doi:10.1038/448992a


Fires and climate linked in nineteenth century p992

Stefan Brönnimann

doi:10.1038/448992b


Climate: Sawyer predicted rate of warming in 1972 p992

Neville Nicholls

doi:10.1038/448992c


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Commentary

Cashing in palm oil for conservation p993

Tropical forests in southeast Asia are under threat from oil-palm growers. This is an opportunity to combine sustainable economic growth with biodiversity conservation, argue Lian Pin Koh and David S. Wilcove.

doi:10.1038/448993a

See also: Editor's summary


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Books and Arts

An illusionary rival p995

Is our perception of the world a fantasy created by the brain to coincide with reality?

Siân Ede reviews Making up the Mind: How the Brain Creates Our Mental World by Chris Frith

doi:10.1038/448995a


Two camps at cross-purposes p996

Paul D. Blanc reviews Toxic Exposures: Contested Illnesses and the Environmental Health Movement by Phil Brown

doi:10.1038/448996a


Celebrating four centuries of astronomy p997

René Racine reviews The Telescope: Its History, Technology and Future by Geoff Andersen

doi:10.1038/448997a


Linguistic gem or just another pidgin? p998

Neil Smith reviews Talking Hands: What Sign Language Reveals about the Mind by Margalit Fox

doi:10.1038/448998a


Correction p998

doi:10.1038/448998b


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News and Views

Behavioural neurobiology: Females can also be from Mars p999

Is the preference to mate as a male or a female irreversibly set during development? Apparently not: a study in mice shows that pheromone perception determines how an adult female behaves sexually.

Nirao M. Shah & S. Marc Breedlove

doi:10.1038/nature05892

See also: Editor's summary


Theoretical physics: A black hole full of answers p1000

A facet of string theory, the currently favoured route to a 'theory of everything', might help to explain some properties of exotic matter phases — such as some peculiarities of high-temperature superconductors.

Jan Zaanen

doi:10.1038/4481000a


Molecular biology: Damage control p1001

The chemical composition of normal DNA at the end of chromosomes does not differ from that of damaged and broken DNA within chromosomes. New findings hint at how the DNA-repair machinery distinguishes the two.

Claus M. Azzalin & Joachim Lingner

doi:10.1038/4481001a

See also: Editor's summary


Planets: The first movement p1003

How do large objects form from the dusty gas surrounding a young star? A simulation suggests that several familiar processes, among them gas turbulence and self-gravitation, might work together to get the job done.

Jeff Cuzzi

doi:10.1038/4481003a

See also: Editor's summary


Translation: Duality in the genetic code p1004

The encoding of two non-universal amino acids involves dynamic redefinition of 'stop' signals in the genetic code. Bacteria with multiple proteins containing these amino acids add to our appreciation of coding versatility.

John F. Atkins & Pavel V. Baranov

doi:10.1038/4481004a


Palaeoclimate: Oxygen's rise reduced p1005

Why did oxygen not appear in Earth's atmosphere until hundreds of millions of years after photosynthesizing organisms first produced it? Perhaps because reducing gases from undersea volcanoes claimed it first.

Timothy W. Lyons

doi:10.1038/4481005a

See also: Editor's summary


Materials science: Polymer crystals downsized p1006

A record has been broken — the smallest-ever polymer crystals have been prepared. Their surprising shape provides crucial evidence that might help explain how polymers crystallize.

Stephen Z. D. Cheng

doi:10.1038/4481006a


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Articles

A functional circuit underlying male sexual behaviour in the female mouse brain p1009

Tali Kimchi, Jennings Xu & Catherine Dulac

doi:10.1038/nature06089

See also: Editor's summary | News and Views by Shah & Breedlove


IGF and FGF cooperatively establish the regulatory stem cell niche of pluripotent human cells in vitro p1015

Sean C. Bendall, Morag H. Stewart, Pablo Menendez, Dustin George, Kausalia Vijayaragavan, Tamra Werbowetski-Ogilvie, Veronica Ramos-Mejia, Anne Rouleau, Jiabi Yang, Marc Bossé, Gilles Lajoie & Mickie Bhatia

doi:10.1038/nature06027

See also: Editor's summary


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Letters

Rapid planetesimal formation in turbulent circumstellar disks p1022

Anders Johansen, Jeffrey S. Oishi, Mordecai-Mark Mac Low, Hubert Klahr, Thomas Henning & Andrew Youdin

doi:10.1038/nature06086

See also: Editor's summary | News and Views by Cuzzi


The development of a protoplanetary disk from its natal envelope p1026

Dan M. Watson, C. J. Bohac, C. Hull, William J. Forrest, E. Furlan, J. Najita, Nuria Calvet, Paola d'Alessio, Lee Hartmann, B. Sargent, Joel D. Green, Kyoung Hee Kim & J. R. Houck

doi:10.1038/nature06087

See also: Editor's summary


Direct observation of second-order atom tunnelling p1029

S. Fölling, S. Trotzky, P. Cheinet, M. Feld, R. Saers, A. Widera, T. Müller & I. Bloch

doi:10.1038/nature06112


Increased subaerial volcanism and the rise of atmospheric oxygen 2.5 billion years ago p1033

Lee R. Kump & Mark E. Barley

doi:10.1038/nature06058

See also: Editor's summary | News and Views by Lyons


Projected increase in continental runoff due to plant responses to increasing carbon dioxide p1037

Richard A. Betts, Olivier Boucher, Matthew Collins, Peter M. Cox, Peter D. Falloon, Nicola Gedney, Deborah L. Hemming, Chris Huntingford, Chris D. Jones, David M. H. Sexton & Mark J. Webb

doi:10.1038/nature06045

See also: Editor's summary


Dating the origin of the Orchidaceae from a fossil orchid with its pollinator p1042

Santiago R. Ramírez, Barbara Gravendeel, Rodrigo B. Singer, Charles R. Marshall & Naomi E. Pierce

doi:10.1038/nature06039

See also: Editor's summary


Mobility promotes and jeopardizes biodiversity in rock–paper–scissors games p1046

Tobias Reichenbach, Mauro Mobilia & Erwin Frey

doi:10.1038/nature06095

See also: Editor's summary


A sequence-based variation map of 8.27 million SNPs in inbred mouse strains p1050

Kelly A. Frazer, Eleazar Eskin, Hyun Min Kang, Molly A. Bogue, David A. Hinds, Erica J. Beilharz, Robert V. Gupta, Julie Montgomery, Matt M. Morenzoni, Geoffrey B. Nilsen, Charit L. Pethiyagoda, Laura L. Stuve, Frank M. Johnson, Mark J. Daly, Claire M. Wade & David R. Cox

doi:10.1038/nature06067

See also: Editor's summary


The detection of carbonation by the Drosophila gustatory system p1054

Walter Fischler, Priscilla Kong, Sunanda Marella & Kristin Scott

doi:10.1038/nature06101

See also: Editor's summary


Dominant-negative mutations in the DNA-binding domain of STAT3 cause hyper-IgE syndrome p1058

Yoshiyuki Minegishi, Masako Saito, Shigeru Tsuchiya, Ikuya Tsuge, Hidetoshi Takada, Toshiro Hara, Nobuaki Kawamura, Tadashi Ariga, Srdjan Pasic, Oliver Stojkovic, Ayse Metin & Hajime Karasuyama

doi:10.1038/nature06096


Tip60 is a haplo-insufficient tumour suppressor required for an oncogene-induced DNA damage response p1063

Chiara Gorrini, Massimo Squatrito, Chiara Luise, Nelofer Syed, Daniele Perna, Landon Wark, Francesca Martinato, Domenico Sardella, Alessandro Verrecchia, Samantha Bennett, Stefano Confalonieri, Matteo Cesaroni, Francesco Marchesi, Milena Gasco, Eugenio Scanziani, Maria Capra, Sabine Mai, Paolo Nuciforo, Tim Crook, John Lough & Bruno Amati

doi:10.1038/nature06055

See also: Editor's summary


Protection of telomeres through independent control of ATM and ATR by TRF2 and POT1 p1068

Eros Lazzerini Denchi & Titia de Lange

doi:10.1038/nature06065

See also: Editor's summary | News and Views by Azzalin & Lingner


Crystal structure of the MgtE Mg2+ transporter p1072

Motoyuki Hattori, Yoshiki Tanaka, Shuya Fukai, Ryuichiro Ishitani & Osamu Nureki

doi:10.1038/nature06093


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Erratum

RNA-templated DNA repair p1076

Francesca Storici, Katarzyna Bebenek, Thomas A. Kunkel, Dmitry A. Gordenin & Michael A. Resnick

doi:10.1038/nature06114


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Corrigenda

A positive-feedback-based bistable 'memory module' that governs a cell fate decision p1076

Wen Xiong & James E. Ferrell

doi:10.1038/nature06125


Structure of the E. coli signal recognition particle bound to a translating ribosome p1076

Christiane Schaffitzel, Miro Oswald, Imre Berger, Takashi Ishikawa, Jan Pieter Abrahams, Henk K. Koerten, Roman I. Koning & Nenad Ban

doi:10.1038/nature06169


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Naturejobs

Prospect

Prospects p1077

A snapshot of jobs in the biosciences industry suggests that business training may be worth the investment.

Gene Russo

doi:10.1038/nj7157-1077a


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Futures

A new note for Nat p1080

Rock on.

Gareth Owens

doi:10.1038/4481080a


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