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Editorials

Evolution and the brain p753

With all deference to the sensibilities of religious people, the idea that man was created in the image of God can surely be put aside.

doi:10.1038/447753a


Academic diversity p753

US universities must act to recruit and retain minority faculty members.

doi:10.1038/447753b


Mentors of tomorrow p754

Everyone knows bad peer review when they come across it — but too few are nurturing good referees.

doi:10.1038/447754a


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Research Highlights

Research highlights p756

doi:10.1038/447756a


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News

Can a Saudi university think freely? p758

Sceptics query track record on academic freedom

Declan Butler

doi:10.1038/447758a


Hawaiian solar telescope meets resistance p758

Locals fear impact on endangered species and cultural identity

Lucy Odling-Smee

doi:10.1038/447758b


Biosphere 2 finds a buyer p759

Houses to be built around famous research complex

Rex Dalton

doi:10.1038/447759a


Genome project turns up evolutionary surprises p760

Findings reveal how DNA is conserved across animals

Erika Check

doi:10.1038/447760a


Sidelines p761

doi:10.1038/447761a


Researcher refuses to back down over race case p762

University to re-evaluate policy on ethnic minorities

Heidi Ledford

doi:10.1038/447762a


Plans falter over EU research infrastructure p762

Governments decide which projects to fund

Quirin Schiermeier

doi:10.1038/447762b


Stem-cell paper corrected p763

Authors say conclusions still valid

Erika Check

doi:10.1038/447763a


Indian scientists battle journal retraction p764

Government clears researchers accused of data manipulation

K. S. Jayaraman

doi:10.1038/447764a


News in brief p765

doi:10.1038/447765a


Correction p765

doi:10.1038/447765b


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Business

Shades of success p766

Light-emitting diodes are seen by many as the light source of the future. But as Kurt Kleiner reports, their adaptation will take time.

doi:10.1038/447766a


In brief p767

doi:10.1038/447767a


Market watch p767

Colin Macilwain

doi:10.1038/447767b


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News Features

Moral psychology: The depths of disgust p768

Is there wisdom to be found in repugnance? Or is disgust 'the nastiest of all emotions', offering nothing but support to prejudice? Dan Jones looks at the repellant side of human nature.

doi:10.1038/447768a

See also: Editor's summary


Fundamental physics: Feel the force p772

When two objects separated by a vacuum are barely a whisker apart, a strange attraction comes into play. Philip Ball meets the physicists who are trying to make something out of nothing.

doi:10.1038/447772a


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Correspondence

Students unite to create State of the Planet course p775

Krystal L. Rypien, Jill Anderson, Jason Andras, Rulon W. Clark, Gretchen A. Gerrish, James T. Mandel, Marie L. Nydam & Daniel K. Riskin

doi:10.1038/447775a


Leeches underline the need for linnaean taxonomy p775

U. Kutschera

doi:10.1038/447775b


Slang's not so slick when you remember its origins p775

Renée M. Ned & Lisa N. Steele

doi:10.1038/447775c


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Books and Arts

Dirt cheap soil p777

Precious few societies have taken care of their most fundamental resource.

Eric A. Davidson reviews Dirt: The Erosion of Civilizations by David R. Montgomery

doi:10.1038/447777a


Secret life of plants p778

Paul Falkowski reviews The Emerald Planet: How Plants Changed Earth's History by David Beerling

doi:10.1038/447778a


Science in culture: The obscure clarity of starlight p779

Anselm Kiefer builds monumental souvenirs of the night sky.

Pete Jeffs

doi:10.1038/447779a


Bloggers unite p779

Paul Stevenson reviews The Open Laboratory: The Best Writing on Science Blogs 2006

doi:10.1038/447779b

See also: Editor's summary


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News and Views

Environmental science: Nitrogen impacts on forest carbon p781

Does the extra nitrogen input from anthropogenic sources mean that more carbon from the atmosphere is being locked up in boreal and temperate forests? 'Yes' is the answer to emerge from the latest analysis.

Peter Högberg

doi:10.1038/447781a

See also: Editor's summary


Genomics: Encyclopaedia of humble DNA p782

Researchers of the ENCODE consortium have analysed 1% of the human genome. Their findings bring us a step closer to understanding the role of the vast amount of obscure DNA that does not function as genes.

John M. Greally

doi:10.1038/447782a

See also: Editor's summary


Planetary science: Mars at the tipping point p785

There's a big problem with the idea of ancient oceans on Mars: if they were contained within the 'shoreline' visible today, sea level would not have been level. Could it be that Mars has since tipped over?

Maria T. Zuber

doi:10.1038/447785a

See also: Editor's summary


50 & 100 Years Ago p785

doi:10.1038/447785b


Palaeobotany: Forests frozen in time p786

Just over 300 million years ago, a forest was dropped below sea level by an earthquake and swiftly buried. Such rapid events provide snapshots of lost ecosystems, sometimes on a huge spatial scale.

Kirk R. Johnson

doi:10.1038/447786a


Optical memory: The secret of the stone p787

Liesbeth Venema

doi:10.1038/447787a


Correction p787

doi:10.1038/447787b


Obituary: Chauncey Starr (1912–2007) p789

Physicist, engineer and leader in the development of nuclear power.

Paul M. Grant

doi:10.1038/447789a


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Feature

Nature's guide for mentors p791

Having a good mentor early in your career can mean the difference between success and failure in any field. Adrian Lee, Carina Dennis and Philip Campbell look at what makes a good mentor.

Adrian Lee, Carina Dennis & Philip Campbell

doi:10.1038/447791a

See also: Editor's summary


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Articles

Identification and analysis of functional elements in 1% of the human genome by the ENCODE pilot project p799

The ENCODE Project Consortium

doi:10.1038/nature05874

See also: Editor's summary | News and Views by Greally


Exploitation of structural and regulatory diversity in glutamate racemases p817

Tomas Lundqvist, Stewart L. Fisher, Gunther Kern, Rutger H. A. Folmer, Yafeng Xue, D. Trevor Newton, Thomas A. Keating, Richard A. Alm & Boudewijn L. M. de Jonge

doi:10.1038/nature05689

See also: Editor's summary


MicroRNA silencing through RISC recruitment of eIF6 p823

Thimmaiah P. Chendrimada, Kenneth J. Finn, Xinjun Ji, David Baillat, Richard I. Gregory, Stephen A. Liebhaber, Amy E. Pasquinelli & Ramin Shiekhattar

doi:10.1038/nature05841

See also: Editor's summary


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Letters

A giant outburst two years before the core-collapse of a massive star p829

A. Pastorello, S. J. Smartt, S. Mattila, J. J. Eldridge, D. Young, K. Itagaki, H. Yamaoka, H. Navasardyan, S. Valenti, F. Patat, I. Agnoletto, T. Augusteijn, S. Benetti, E. Cappellaro, T. Boles, J.-M. Bonnet-Bidaud, M. T. Botticella, F. Bufano, C. Cao, J. Deng, M. Dennefeld, N. Elias-Rosa, A. Harutyunyan, F. P. Keenan, T. Iijima, V. Lorenzi, P. A. Mazzali, X. Meng, S. Nakano, T. B. Nielsen, J. V. Smoker, V. Stanishev, M. Turatto, D. Xu & L. Zampieri

doi:10.1038/nature05825

See also: Editor's summary


Tethys and Dione as sources of outward-flowing plasma in Saturn's magnetosphere p833

J. L. Burch, J. Goldstein, W. S. Lewis, D. T. Young, A. J. Coates, M. K. Dougherty & N. André

doi:10.1038/nature05906

See also: Editor's summary


Demonstration of controlled-NOT quantum gates on a pair of superconducting quantum bits p836

J. H. Plantenberg, P. C. de Groot, C. J. P. M. Harmans & J. E. Mooij

doi:10.1038/nature05896

See also: Editor's summary


Evidence for an ancient martian ocean in the topography of deformed shorelines p840

J. Taylor Perron, Jerry X. Mitrovica, Michael Manga, Isamu Matsuyama & Mark A. Richards

doi:10.1038/nature05873

See also: Editor's summary | News and Views by Zuber


A gigantic bird-like dinosaur from the Late Cretaceous of China p844

Xing Xu, Qingwei Tan, Jianmin Wang, Xijin Zhao & Lin Tan

doi:10.1038/nature05849

See also: Editor's summary


The human footprint in the carbon cycle of temperate and boreal forests p849

Federico Magnani, Maurizio Mencuccini, Marco Borghetti, Paul Berbigier, Frank Berninger, Sylvain Delzon, Achim Grelle, Pertti Hari, Paul G. Jarvis, Pasi Kolari, Andrew S. Kowalski, Harry Lankreijer, Beverly E. Law, Anders Lindroth, Denis Loustau, Giovanni Manca, John B. Moncrieff, Mark Rayment, Vanessa Tedeschi, Riccardo Valentini & John Grace

doi:10.1038/nature05847

See also: Editor's summary | News and Views by Högberg


Miniature eye movements enhance fine spatial detail p852

Michele Rucci, Ramon Iovin, Martina Poletti & Fabrizio Santini

doi:10.1038/nature05866

See also: Editor's summary


Sensory neuron sodium channel Nav1.8 is essential for pain at low temperatures p856

Katharina Zimmermann, Andreas Leffler, Alexandru Babes, Cruz Miguel Cendan, Richard W. Carr, Jin-ichi Kobayashi, Carla Nau, John N. Wood & Peter W. Reeh

doi:10.1038/nature05880


HDAC6 rescues neurodegeneration and provides an essential link between autophagy and the UPS p860

Udai Bhan Pandey, Zhiping Nie, Yakup Batlevi, Brett A. McCray, Gillian P. Ritson, Natalia B. Nedelsky, Stephanie L. Schwartz, Nicholas A. DiProspero, Melanie A. Knight, Oren Schuldiner, Ranjani Padmanabhan, Marc Hild, Deborah L. Berry, Dan Garza, Charlotte C. Hubbert, Tso-Pang Yao, Eric H. Baehrecke & J. Paul Taylor

doi:10.1038/nature05853

See also: Editor's summary


RAS–RAF–MEK-dependent oxidative cell death involving voltage-dependent anion channels p865

Nicholas Yagoda, Moritz von Rechenberg, Elma Zaganjor, Andras J. Bauer, Wan Seok Yang, Daniel J. Fridman, Adam J. Wolpaw, Inese Smukste, John M. Peltier, J. Jay Boniface, Richard Smith, Stephen L. Lessnick, Sudhir Sahasrabudhe & Brent R. Stockwell

doi:10.1038/nature05859

See also: Editor's summary


Resolvin E1 and protectin D1 activate inflammation-resolution programmes p869

Jan M. Schwab, Nan Chiang, Makoto Arita & Charles N. Serhan

doi:10.1038/nature05877


Drosophila miR2 induces pseudo-polysomes and inhibits translation initiation p875

Rolf Thermann & Matthias W. Hentze

doi:10.1038/nature05878

See also: Editor's summary


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Corrigendum

Pluripotency of mesenchymal stem cells derived from adult marrow p880

Yuehua Jiang, Balkrishna N. Jahagirdar, R. Lee Reinhardt, Robert E. Schwartz, C. Dirk Keene, Xilma R. Ortiz-Gonzalez, Morayma Reyes, Todd Lenvik, Troy Lund, Mark Blackstad, Jingbo Du, Sara Aldrich, Aaron Lisberg, Walter C. Low, David A. Largaespada & Catherine M. Verfaillie

doi:10.1038/nature05812


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Naturejobs

Prospect

In search of the super-mentor p881

Gene Russo

doi:10.1038/nj7146-881a


Career Views

John Mather, chief scientist, Science Mission Directorate, NASA, Washington DC p882

John Mather to take on NASA's chief scientist position.

Virginia Gewin

doi:10.1038/nj7146-882a


Southern light p882

Australia christens the country's first synchrotron.

Hannah Hoag

doi:10.1038/nj7146-882b


What kind of difference? p882

I want to make a difference – but what kind of difference?

Peter Jordan

doi:10.1038/nj7146-882c


Recruiters

The time is ripe p884

With pharmaceutical companies outsourcing drug testing, jobs in clinical research are growing fast.

Mike Mortimer

doi:10.1038/nj7146-884a


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