Editor's Summary

2 March 2006

Nanowires can be too clean


Silicon nanowires hold great promise as components of tiny electronic devices, but the usual method of growing them is poorly understood. New work shows that excessive cleanliness can actually stunt a nanowire's growth. They are made by the 'vapour–liquid–solid' method, in which a tiny liquid droplet of a metal such as gold absorbs silicon atoms from a gaseous precursor molecule. As the droplet saturates with silicon, it grows a solid, cylindrical silicon crystal whose diameter is determined by the size of the droplet. But in conditions of extreme cleanliness, gold atoms from the droplet can migrate over the surface of the growing nanowire, resulting in misshapen structures.

News and ViewsNanotechnology: How clean is too clean?

Silicon nanowires could form the building-blocks of future electronic devices, but under ultra-clean conditions, regulating their growth is difficult. Is the strictly controlled environment the problem?

Ulrich Gösele

doi:10.1038/440034a

LetterThe influence of the surface migration of gold on the growth of silicon nanowires

J. B. Hannon, S. Kodambaka, F. M. Ross and R. M. Tromp

doi:10.1038/nature04574