Nature 437, 693-698 (29 September 2005) | doi:10.1038/nature04028; Received 10 May 2005; Accepted 12 July 2005

GIBBERELLIN INSENSITIVE DWARF1 encodes a soluble receptor for gibberellin

Miyako Ueguchi-Tanaka1,8, Motoyuki Ashikari1,8, Masatoshi Nakajima2,8, Hironori Itoh1, Etsuko Katoh3, Masatomo Kobayashi4, Teh-yuan Chow5,7, Yue-ie C. Hsing5, Hidemi Kitano1, Isomaro Yamaguchi2,6 & Makoto Matsuoka1

  1. Bioscience and Biotechnology Center, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan
  2. Department of Applied Biological Chemistry, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8657, Japan
  3. Department of Biochemistry, National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences, Tsukuba 305-8602, Japan
  4. BioResources Center, Riken, Tsukuba 305-0074, Japan
  5. Institute of Botany Academia, Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan
  6. Biotechnology Research Center, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8657, Japan
  7. †Present address: Institute of Biotechnology, Central Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taichung 406, Taiwan
  8. *These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence to: Makoto Matsuoka1 Correspondence and requests for materials should be addressed to M.M. (Email: Sequence data from this article have been deposited in the DDBJ/EMBL/GenBank databases under accession number AB211399.


Gibberellins (GAs) are phytohormones that are essential for many developmental processes in plants. It has been postulated that plants have both membrane-bound and soluble GA receptors; however, no GA receptors have yet been identified. Here we report the isolation and characterization of a new GA-insensitive dwarf mutant of rice, gid1. The GID1 gene encodes an unknown protein with similarity to the hormone-sensitive lipases, and we observed preferential localization of a GID1–green fluorescent protein (GFP) signal in nuclei. Recombinant glutathione S-transferase (GST)–GID1 had a high affinity only for biologically active GAs, whereas mutated GST–GID1 corresponding to three gid1 alleles had no GA-binding affinity. The dissociation constant for GA4 was estimated to be around 10-7 M, enough to account for the GA dependency of shoot elongation. Moreover, GID1 bound to SLR1, a rice DELLA protein, in a GA-dependent manner in yeast cells. GID1 overexpression resulted in a GA-hypersensitive phenotype. Together, our results indicate that GID1 is a soluble receptor mediating GA signalling in rice.


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