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Dealing with design p1053

The idea of intelligent design is being promoted in schools and universities in the United States and Europe. Rather than ignoring it, scientists need to understand its appeal and help students recognize the alternatives.

doi: 10.1038/4341053a

See also: Editor's summary

New accountability in China p1053

A Chinese funding agency has a new constitution, supporting better selection. Will it spread?

doi: 10.1038/4341053b



Turkish government accused of hijacking boosted science budget p1055

Research spending tripled as part of bid for EU membership.

Tamara Grüner

doi: 10.1038/4341055a

Satellite tags give fresh angle on tuna quota p1056

Stocks of prized bluefin in danger of collapse.

Rex Dalton

doi: 10.1038/4341056a

See also: Editor's summary

Physicists look to crystal device for future of fusion p1057

Desktop apparatus yields stream of neutrons.

Mark Peplow

doi: 10.1038/4341057a

US experts draw up guidelines for stem-cell research p1058

Ethics committees should ban primate chimaera experiments.

Erika Check

doi: 10.1038/4341058a

Link to infection raises hope of preventing child leukaemia p1058

Radiation, chemicals and power lines are not significant.

Roxanne Khamsi

doi: 10.1038/4341058b

Corporate culture nets big bucks for university heads p1059

Do fat salaries reward wrong type of leadership?

Emma Marris

doi: 10.1038/4341059b

Climate change blamed for rise in hay fever p1059

Rachael Williams

doi: 10.1038/nature03682

news in brief p1060

doi: 10.1038/4341060a


News Features

Intelligent design:  Who has designs on your students' minds? p1062

The intelligent-design movement is a small but growing force on US university campuses. For some it bridges the gap between science and faith, for others it goes beyond the pale. Geoff Brumfiel meets the movement's vanguard.

doi: 10.1038/4341062a

See also: Editor's summary

Quantum physics:  The philosopher of photons p1066

From meeting the Dalai Lama to national media star, Anton Zeilinger is on a mission to bring physics to a wider audience. Quirin Schiermeier listens in.

doi: 10.1038/4341066a



A drug is effective if better than a harmless control p1067

Valid trials can still be held, as with HIVNET 012, when ethics rules out a placebo group.

Brooks Jackson and Thomas Fleming

doi: 10.1038/4341067a

DNA barcoding does not compete with taxonomy p1067

T. Ryan Gregory

doi: 10.1038/4341067b

Nice planet, shame about the human race p1067

Randall D. Kamien and Madhuri Kaul

doi: 10.1038/4341067c


Books and Arts

Seeing sense p1069

A look back at work that established the link between eye and brain.

Charles G. Gross reviews Brain and Visual Perception: The Story of a 25-Year Collaboration by David H. Hubel and Torsten N. Wiesel

doi: 10.1038/4341069a

Recovered history p1070

Jon Agar reviews When Computers Were Human by David Alan Grier

doi: 10.1038/4341070a

Theatre:  Artistic differences p1071

Robin Clark reviews

doi: 10.1038/4341071a




Predicting with unpredictability p1073

Random numbers: from stone casting to computers to radioactive decay, the generation of random sequences has always preoccupied mankind.

Gianpietro Malescio

doi: 10.1038/4341073a


News and Views

Astrophysics:  A certain flare p1075

Giant flashes from soft gamma-ray repeaters are spectacular but rare events — only three have ever been observed in our Galaxy. The suspicion is that we have been missing some from farther afield.

Davide Lazzati

doi: 10.1038/4341075a

See also: Editor's summary

Evolutionary biology:  Animal roots and shoots p1076

DNA sequence data from neglected animal groups support a controversial hypothesis of deep evolutionary history. Inferring that history using only whole-genome sequences can evidently be misleading.

Martin Jones and Mark Blaxter

doi: 10.1038/4341076a

Technology:  Warm fusion p1077

A device that could fit in your lab-coat pocket uses nuclear fusion, and just a little heat, to produce neutrons. The advantages in simplicity and portability over conventional neutron generators could be considerable.

Michael J. Saltmarsh

doi: 10.1038/4341077a

See also: Editor's summary

100 and 50 years ago p1079

doi: 10.1038/4341079a

HIV:  Viral blitzkrieg p1080

It takes years for AIDS to develop from the damage inflicted on the immune system by HIV or its simian counterpart. Surprisingly, as many as half of the body's memory T cells may die at a very early stage of infection.

R. Paul Johnson and Amitinder Kaur

doi: 10.1038/4341080a

See also: Editor's summary

Behavioural ecology:  Cue for kin p1080

Tim Lincoln

doi: 10.1038/4341080b

See also: Editor's summary

Obituary:  Maurice R. Hilleman (1919−2005) p1083

Reinhard Kurth

doi: 10.1038/4341083a

Research highlights p1084

doi: 10.1038/4341084a


Brief Communications

Nanotechnology:  High-speed integrated nanowire circuits p1085

Inexpensive sophisticated circuitry can be 'painted' on to plastic or glass substrates.

Robin S. Friedman, Michael C. McAlpine, David S. Ricketts, Donhee Ham and Charles M. Lieber

doi: 10.1038/4341085a

Earth science:  Microseismicity data forecast rupture area p1086

Danijel Schorlemmer and Stefan Wiemer

doi: 10.1038/4341086a

See also: Editor's summary


Brief Communications Arising

Fisheries:  Decline of Pacific tuna populations exaggerated? pE1

John Hampton, John R. Sibert, Pierre Kleiber, Mark N. Maunder and Shelton J. Harley

doi: 10.1038/nature03581

Fisheries:  Decline of Pacific tuna populations exaggerated? pE2

Ransom A. Myers and Boris Worm

doi: 10.1038/nature03582



Reduced sleep in Drosophila Shaker mutants p1087

Chiara Cirelli, Daniel Bushey, Sean Hill, Reto Huber, Robert Kreber, Barry Ganetzky and Giulio Tononi

doi: 10.1038/nature03486

See also: Editor's summary

Massive infection and loss of memory CD4+ T cells in multiple tissues during acute SIV infection p1093

Joseph J. Mattapallil, Daniel C. Douek, Brenna Hill, Yoshiaki Nishimura, Malcolm Martin and Mario Roederer

doi: 10.1038/nature03501

See also: Editor's summary | News and Views by Johnson & Kaur

An exceptionally bright flare from SGR 1806−20 and the origins of short-duration bold gamma-ray bursts p1098

K. Hurley, S. E. Boggs, D. M. Smith, R. C. Duncan, R. Lin, A. Zoglauer, S. Krucker, G. Hurford, H. Hudson, C. Wigger, W. Hajdas, C. Thompson, I. Mitrofanov, A. Sanin, W. Boynton, C. Fellows, A. von Kienlin, G. Lichti, A. Rau and T. Cline

doi: 10.1038/nature03519

See also: Editor's summary | News and Views by Lazzati


Letters to Nature

An expanding radio nebula produced by a giant flare from the magnetar SGR 1806−20 p1104

B. M. Gaensler, C. Kouveliotou, J. D. Gelfand, G. B. Taylor, D. Eichler, R. A. M. J. Wijers, J. Granot, E. Ramirez-Ruiz, Y. E. Lyubarsky, R. W. Hunstead, D. Campbell-Wilson, A. J. van der Horst, M. A. McLaughlin, R. P. Fender, M. A. Garrett, K. J. Newton-McGee, D. M. Palmer, N. Gehrels and P. M. Woods

doi: 10.1038/nature03498

See also: Editor's summary

A giant bold gamma-ray flare from the magnetar SGR 1806−20 p1107

D. M. Palmer, S. Barthelmy, N. Gehrels, R. M. Kippen, T. Cayton, C. Kouveliotou, D. Eichler, R. A. M. J. Wijers, P. M. Woods, J. Granot, Y. E. Lyubarsky, E. Ramirez-Ruiz, L. Barbier, M. Chester, J. Cummings, E. E. Fenimore, M. H. Finger, B. M. Gaensler, D. Hullinger, H. Krimm, C. B. Markwardt, J. A. Nousek, A. Parsons, S. Patel, T. Sakamoto, G. Sato, M. Suzuki and J. Tueller

doi: 10.1038/nature03525

See also: Editor's summary | News and Views by Lazzati

Repeated injections of energy in the first 600 ms of the giant flare of SGR 1806−20 p1110

Toshio Terasawa, Yasuyuki T. Tanaka, Yasuhiro Takei, Nobuyuki Kawai, Atsumasa Yoshida, Ken'ichi Nomoto, Ichiro Yoshikawa, Yoshifumi Saito, Yasumasa Kasaba, Takeshi Takashima, Toshifumi Mukai, Hirotomo Noda, Toshio Murakami, Kyoko Watanabe, Yasushi Muraki, Takaaki Yokoyama and Masahiro Hoshino

doi: 10.1038/nature03573

See also: Editor's summary | News and Views by Lazzati

Detection of a radio counterpart to the 27 December 2004 giant flare from SGR 1806−20 p1112

P. B. Cameron, P. Chandra, A. Ray, S. R. Kulkarni, D. A. Frail, M. H. Wieringa, E. Nakar, E. S. Phinney, Atsushi Miyazaki, Masato Tsuboi, Sachiko Okumura, N. Kawai, K. M. Menten and F. Bertoldi

doi: 10.1038/nature03605

See also: Editor's summary | News and Views by Lazzati

Observation of nuclear fusion driven by a pyroelectric crystal p1115

B. Naranjo, J.K. Gimzewski and S. Putterman

doi: 10.1038/nature03575

See also: Editor's summary | News and Views by Saltmarsh

Increased productivity in the subantarctic ocean during Heinrich events p1118

Julian P. Sachs and Robert F. Anderson

doi: 10.1038/nature03544

See also: Editor's summary

Electronic tagging and population structure of Atlantic bluefin tuna p1121

Barbara A. Block, Steven L. H. Teo, Andreas Walli, Andre Boustany, Michael J. W. Stokesbury, Charles J. Farwell, Kevin C. Weng, Heidi Dewar and Thomas D. Williams

doi: 10.1038/nature03463

See also: Editor's summary

Learned kin recognition cues in a social bird p1127

Stuart P. Sharp, Andrew McGowan, Matthew J. Wood and Ben J. Hatchwell

doi: 10.1038/nature03522

See also: Editor's summary

A synthetic multicellular system for programmed pattern formation p1130

Subhayu Basu, Yoram Gerchman, Cynthia H. Collins, Frances H. Arnold and Ron Weiss

doi: 10.1038/nature03461

See also: Editor's summary

Dynamics of Drosophila embryonic patterning network perturbed in space and time using microfluidics p1134

Elena M. Lucchetta, Ji Hwan Lee, Lydia A. Fu, Nipam H. Patel and Rustem F. Ismagilov

doi: 10.1038/nature03509

IKKalpha limits macrophage NF-kappaB activation and contributes to the resolution of inflammation p1138

Toby Lawrence, Magali Bebien, George Y. Liu, Victor Nizet and Michael Karin

doi: 10.1038/nature03491

A unique clonal JAK2 mutation leading to constitutive signalling causes polycythaemia vera p1144

Chloé James, Valérie Ugo, Jean-Pierre Le Couédic, Judith Staerk, François Delhommeau, Catherine Lacout, Loïc Garçon, Hana Raslova, Roland Berger, Annelise Bennaceur-Griscelli, Jean Luc Villeval, Stefan N. Constantinescu, Nicole Casadevall and William Vainchenker

doi: 10.1038/nature03546

See also: Editor's summary

Peak SIV replication in resting memory CD4+ T cells depletes gut lamina propria CD4+ T cells p1148

Qingsheng Li, Lijie Duan, Jacob D. Estes, Zhong-Min Ma, Tracy Rourke, Yichuan Wang, Cavan Reilly, John Carlis, Christopher J. Miller and Ashley T. Haase

doi: 10.1038/nature03513

See also: Editor's summary | News and Views by Johnson & Kaur

Clathrin is required for the function of the mitotic spindle p1152

Stephen J. Royle, Nicholas A. Bright and Leon Lagnado

doi: 10.1038/nature03502




A question of age p1159

Paul Smaglik

doi: 10.1038/nj7037-1159a


Thinking big Texas p1160

Diane Gershon

doi: 10.1038/nj7037-1160a

Career View

Graduate Journal:  Leaving the family p1162

Jason Underwood

doi: 10.1038/nj7037-1162a

Scientists & Societies p1162

Geoff Davis

doi: 10.1038/nj7037-1162b

Movers p1162

doi: 10.1038/nj7037-1162c



The Affinities p1164

Be careful how you describe yourself.

Robert Charles Wilson

doi: 10.1038/4341164a

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