Table of contents


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Naturejobs

Prospects

Prosperous physicists p3

Paul Smaglik

doi:10.1038/35091236


movers

doi:10.1038/35091241


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Opinion

Shooting the messenger p103

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has a creditable record of developing a scientific consensus and delivering it to policy-makers. What its critics really object to are the facts.

doi:10.1038/35084333


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News

Genetics group targets disease markers in the human sequence p105

David Adam

doi:10.1038/35084335


Physicists show what really matters p105

Colin Macilwain

doi:10.1038/35084338


Europe hooks up with China for space first p106

Sally Goodman

doi:10.1038/35084340


Institutes prepare for pioneering bioinformatics work p106

Declan Butler

doi:10.1038/35084343


Stem-cell fudge finds no favour with biologists p107

Meredith Wadman

doi:10.1038/35084346


Bush plots raid on NIH funds to finance AIDS initiative p107

Matthew Davis

doi:10.1038/35084349


Royal Society disputes value of carbon sinks p108

David Adam

doi:10.1038/35084352


Battle to save beleaguered beluga p108

Sally Goodman

doi:10.1038/35084355


UN backs transgenic crops for poorer nations p109

Mark Schrope

doi:10.1038/35084358


Arctic university gives collaboration pole position p109

Alison Abbott

doi:10.1038/35084361


news in brief p110

doi:10.1038/35084364


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news feature

Consensus science, or consensus politics? p112

To some, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change represents the pinnacle of scientific collaboration. To others, it is a victory for politics over science. Mark Schrope talks to the experts debating our planet's future.

Mark Schrope

doi:10.1038/35084265


Alien versus predator p115

Can invasive species be controlled by introducing their natural enemies? The idea has a chequered history. But as safety testing improves, it is now gaining currency. Jonathan Knight reports.

Jonathan Knight

doi:10.1038/35084271


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Correspondence

Seeking, sometimes finding, that elusive chemistry p117

Despite all the discipline's achievements, opinion is divided as to whether chemistry is getting the recognition it deserves — and needs — in order to keep attracting new talent.

Hong-fei Wang

doi:10.1038/35084276


Time to shout about the benefits of chemistry p117

Stephen J. Lippard

doi:10.1038/35084280


Singapore makes efforts to sustain biodiversity p118

Lanna Cheng and Damir Kovac

doi:10.1038/35084282


Photos may offer clues over Ethiopian fossil site p118

Yohannes Haile-Selassie

doi:10.1038/35084284


Keeping Mendel in mind p118

Fabio Salamanca

doi:10.1038/35084287


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Book Reviews

Eccentric origins of creativity p119

Did the genes underlying schizophrenia drive human evolution?

Daniel Nettle reviews The Madness of Adam and Eve: How Schizophrenia Shaped Humanity by David Horrobin

doi:10.1038/35084110


An unsung hero put on the map p120

Douglas Palmer reviews The Map That Changed The World: William Smith and the Birth of Modern Geology by Simon Winchester

doi:10.1038/35084114


How the old became new p120

Michael Hunter reviews Revolutionizing the Sciences: European Knowledge and its Ambitions, 1500–1700 by Peter Dear

doi:10.1038/35084117


Physics from the inside p121

A. M. Bradshaw reviews The Physics of a Lifetime: Reflections on the Problems and Personalities of 20th Century Physics by V. L. Ginzburg

doi:10.1038/35084119


Science in culture p122

Megan Williams reviews

doi:10.1038/35084122


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words

Owen's Parthian shot p123

Charles Darwin may have had the science, but Richard Owen could write a lethal letter.

Kevin Padian

doi:10.1038/35084289


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concepts

Phenomenal fluids p125

Martyn Poliakoff and Peter King

doi:10.1038/35084292


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News and Views

Lost City found p127

Chemical and heat exchange at vents on deep ocean floors has a large influence on marine chemistry. The discovery of a spectacular new type of venting system has given the story another twist.

Karen L. Von Damm

doi:10.1038/35084297


Cognitive neuroscience: Bold insights p128

Functional magnetic resonance imaging tracks changes in oxygen levels in the brain in response to different stimuli. The neural basis of these changes has, at last, been pinned down.

Marcus E. Raichle

doi:10.1038/35084300


100 and 50 years ago p130

doi:10.1038/35084303


High-energy physics: Disappearing dimensions p130

Some theories of high-energy physics require extra spatial dimensions, beyond the three we know. A radical proposal turns this idea on its head, and suggests that dimensions may disappear at higher energies.

Joseph D. Lykken

doi:10.1038/35084306


Palaeontology: Return to the planet of the apes p131

Fossil evidence of human evolutionary history is fragmentary and open to various interpretations. Fossil evidence of chimpanzee evolution is absent altogether.

Henry Gee

doi:10.1038/35084308


Planetary science: Saturn saturated with satellites p132

Advances in detector technology have led to a rash of newly discovered moons around the giant planets. Saturn currently has the most known satellites — but for how long?

Douglas P. Hamilton

doi:10.1038/35084310


Apoptosis: Mostly dead p133

It has always been thought that once the process of cell suicide has passed a certain point, it is irreversible. Yet it seems that cells can recover — but only if they are not eaten by nearby 'phagocytic' cells.

Douglas R. Green and Helen M. Beere

doi:10.1038/35084313


Nanotechnology: Less is more p135

Creating a structure as simple as a hole can be a challenge — when the hole is just a few nanometres wide. The trick is to start small and then get smaller.

J. Tersoff

doi:10.1038/35084316


Developmental biology: Vesicles and the spinal cord p136

The distinction between cell biology and developmental biology is becoming increasingly blurred. The latest example involves a signalling pathway switched on in the developing spinal cord.

Juhee Jeong and Andrew P. McMahon

doi:10.1038/35084318


Evolutionary biology: Autumn colour code p136

John Whitfield

doi:10.1038/35084320


Daedalus: Bashing the bugs p137

David Jones

doi:10.1038/35084323


Obituary: Rosa Beddington (1956–2001) p138

Sohaila Rastan and Elizabeth Robertson


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Brief Communications

Sex-biased dispersal of great white sharks p139

In some respects, these sharks behave more like whales and dolphins than other fish.

Amanda T. Pardini, Catherine S. Jones, Leslie R. Noble, Brian Kreiser, Hamish Malcolm, Barry D. Bruce, John D. Stevens, Geremy Cliff, Michael C. Scholl, Malcolm Francis, Clinton A.J. Duffy and Andrew P. Martin

doi:10.1038/35084125


Flame retardants: Persistent pollutants in land-applied sludges p140

Robert C. Hale, Mark J. La Guardia, Ellen P. Harvey, Michael O. Gaylor, T. Matteson Mainor and William H. Duff

doi:10.1038/35084130


Neuroadaptation: Incubation of cocaine craving after withdrawal p141

Jeffrey W. Grimm, Bruce T. Hope, Roy A. Wise and Yavin Shaham

doi:10.1038/35084134


Neuropharmacology: Odorants may arouse instinctive behaviours p142

Mehran Sam, Sadhna Vora, Bettina Malnic, Weidong Ma, Milos V. Novotny and Linda B. Buck

doi:10.1038/35084137


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hypothesis

Cause of neural death in neurodegenerative diseases attributable to expansion of glutamine repeats p143

M. F. Perutz and A. H. Windle

doi:10.1038/35084141


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Articles

An off-axis hydrothermal vent field near the Mid-Atlantic Ridge at 30° N p145

Deborah S. Kelley, Jeffrey A. Karson, Donna K. Blackman, Gretchen L. Früh-Green, David A. Butterfield, Marvin D. Lilley, Eric J. Olson, Matthew O. Schrenk, Kevin K. Roe, Geoff T. Lebon, Pete Rivizzigno and the AT3-60 Shipboard Party

doi:10.1038/35084000

See also: News and Views by Von Damm


Neurophysiological investigation of the basis of the fMRI signal p150

Nikos K. Logothetis, Jon Pauls, Mark Augath, Torsten Trinath and Axel Oeltermann

doi:10.1038/35084005

See also: News and Views by Raichle


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Letters to Nature

A test of general relativity from the three-dimensional orbital geometry of a binary pulsar p158

W. van Straten, M. Bailes, M. Britton, S. R, Kulkarni, S. B. Anderson, R. N. Manchester and J. Sarkissian

doi:10.1038/35084015


Discovery of water vapour around IRC+10216 as evidence for comets orbiting another star p160

Gary J. Melnick, David A. Neufeld, K. E. Saavik Ford, David J. Hollenbach and Matthew L. N. Ashby

doi:10.1038/35084024


Discovery of 12 satellites of Saturn exhibiting orbital clustering p163

Brett Gladman, J. J. Kavelaars, Matthew Holman, Philip D. Nicholson, Joseph A. Burns, Carl W. Hergenrother, Jean-Marc Petit, Brian G. Marsden, Robert Jacobson, William Gray and Tommy Grav

doi:10.1038/35084032

See also: News and Views by Hamilton


Ion-beam sculpting at nanometre length scales p166

Jiali Li, Derek Stein, Ciaran McMullan, Daniel Branton, Michael J. Aziz and Jene A. Golovchenko

doi:10.1038/35084037

See also: News and Views by Tersoff


Ordered nanoporous arrays of carbon supporting high dispersions of platinum nanoparticles p169

Sang Hoon Joo, Seong Jae Choi, Ilwhan Oh, Juhyoun Kwak, Zheng Liu, Osamu Terasaki and Ryong Ryoo

doi:10.1038/35084046


The dating of shallow faults in the Earth's crust p172

Ben A. van der Pluijm, Chris M. Hall, Peter J. Vrolijk, David R. Pevear and Michael C. Covey

doi:10.1038/35084053


Geology and palaeontology of the Late Miocene Middle Awash valley, Afar rift, Ethiopia p175

Giday WoldeGabriel, Yohannes Haile-Selassie, Paul R. Renne, William K. Hart, Stanley H. Ambrose, Berhane Asfaw, Grant Heiken and Tim White

doi:10.1038/35084058

See also: News and Views by Gee


Late Miocene hominids from the Middle Awash, Ethiopia p178

Yohannes Haile-Selassie

doi:10.1038/35084063


Rapid and recent origin of species richness in the Cape flora of South Africa p181

James E. Richardson, Frans M. Weitz, Michael F. Fay, Quentin C. B. Cronk, H. Peter Linder, G. Reeves and Mark W. Chase

doi:10.1038/35084067


Predators increase the risk of catastrophic extinction of prey populations p183

Thomas W. Schoener, David A. Spiller and Jonathan B. Losos

doi:10.1038/35084071


Essential role for Gab2 in the allergic response p186

Haihua Gu, Kan Saito, Lori D. Klaman, Junqing Shen, Tony Fleming, YongPing Wang, Joanne C. Pratt, Guosheng Lin, Bing Lim, Jean-Pierre Kinet and Benjamin G. Neel

doi:10.1038/35084076


The heparin-binding haemagglutinin of M. tuberculosis is required for extrapulmonary dissemination p190

Kevin Pethe, Sylvie Alonso, Franck Biet, Giovanni Delogu, Michael J. Brennan, Camille Locht and Franco D. Menozzi

doi:10.1038/35084083


Rab23 is an essential negative regulator of the mouse Sonic hedgehog signalling pathway p194

Jonathan T. Eggenschwiler, Edward Espinoza and Kathryn V. Anderson

doi:10.1038/35084089

See also: News and Views by Jeong & McMahon


Phagocytosis promotes programmed cell death in C. elegans p198

Peter W. Reddien, Scott Cameron and H. Robert Horvitz

doi:10.1038/35084096

See also: News and Views by Green & Beere


Engulfment genes cooperate with ced-3 to promote cell death in Caenorhabditis elegans p202

Daniel J. Hoeppner, Michael O. Hengartner and Ralf Schnabel

doi:10.1038/35084103

See also: News and Views by Green & Beere


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insight

foreword

Mars p207

doi:10.1038/35084145


introduction

Decline and fall of the martian empire p209

Kevin Zahnle

doi:10.1038/35084148


review article

Mars' core and magnetism p214

David J. Stevenson

doi:10.1038/35084155


The crust and mantle of Mars p220

Maria T. Zuber

doi:10.1038/35084163


Water and the martian landscape p228

Victor R. Baker

doi:10.1038/35084172


Mars' volatile and climate history p237

Bruce M. Jakosky and Roger J. Phillips

doi:10.1038/35084184


Weather and climate on Mars p245

Conway Leovy

doi:10.1038/35084192


commentary

Mars exploration p250

Michael H. Carr and James Garvin

doi:10.1038/35084200


corporate support

Mars Outposts: A Planetary Society Approach to Exploration p254

Bruce Murray, Wesley T. Huntress, Jr. and Louis D. Friedman

doi:10.1038/35084328


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