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Review Article
Nature 365, 119 - 125 (09 September 1993); doi:10.1038/365119a0

Atmospheric carbon dioxide and the ocean

U. Siegenthaler & J. L. Sarmiento

Physics Institute, University of Bern, 3012 Bern, Switzerland
Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences Program, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544, USA.

The ocean is a significant sink for anthropogenic carbon dioxide, taking up about a third of the emissions arising from fossil-fuel use and tropical deforestation. Increases in the atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration account for most of the remaining emissions, but there still appears to be a 'missing sink' which may be located in the terrestrial biosphere.

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