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Letters to Nature
Nature 346, 866 - 868 (30 August 1990); doi:10.1038/346866a0

Telomere reduction in human colorectal carcinoma and with ageing

Nicholas D. Hastie, Maureen Dempster, Malcolm G. Dunlop*, Alastair M. Thompson*, Daryll K. Green & Robin C. Allshire*

MRC Human Genetics Unit, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh, UK *Present addresses: Department of Surgery, Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh EH3 9YW, UK (M.G.D. and A.M.T.), and Cold Spring Harbor Laboratories, Cold Spring Harbor, New York 11724, USA (R.C.A.)

WE have hypothesized that end-to-end chromosome fusions observed in some tumours could play a part in genetic instability associated with tumorigenesis and that fusion may result from the loss of the long stretches of G-rich repeats found at the ends of all linear chromosomes1. We therefore asked whether there is telomere loss or reduction in common tumours. Here we show that in most of the colorectal carcinomas that we analysed, there is a reduction in the length of telomere repeat arrays relative to the normal colonic mucosa from the same patient. We speculate on the consequences of this loss for tumorigenesis. We also show that the telomere arrays are much smaller in colonic mucosa and blood than in fetal tissue and sperm, and that there is a reduction in average telomere length with age in blood and colon mucosa. We propose that the telomerase2–4 is inactive in somatic tissues, and that telomere length is an indicator of the number of cell divisions that it has taken to form a particular tissue and possibly to generate tumours.

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