Nature Publishing Group, publisher of Nature, and other science journals and reference works
Nature
my account e-alerts subscribe register
   
Tuesday 22 August 2017
Journal Home
Current Issue
AOP
Archive
Download PDF
References
Export citation
Export references
Send to a friend
More articles like this

Letters to Nature
Nature 326, 692 - 694 (22 April 1987); doi:10.1038/326692a0

A fossil owl monkey from La Venta, Colombia

Takeshi Setoguchi* & Alfred L. Rosenberger

*Primate Research Institute, Kyoto University, Inuyama City, Aichi 484, Japan
Department of Anthropology, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60680, USA

Knowledge of the evolutionary history of living New World anthropoids is limited by a relatively poor fossil record. The discovery in 1986 of a new fossil monkey from the middle Miocene deposits of La Venta, Colombia, 12–15 million years ago (Myr BP), is the first example of a living New World monkey genus appearing in Tertiary rocks. Including anatomical evidence of the dentition and facial skull, it provides an unambiguous link between a Neogene fossil and the owl monkey, Aotus, the only modern crepuscular-nocturnal anthropoid primate. This new form brings to three the number of La Venta fossil monkeys which preserve excellent dentitions sharing extensive similarities with modern genera. All of these species are potentially ancestral to their extant relatives. The La Ventan Aotus is additional support for the idea that the modern platyrrhine radiation includes long-lived genera or generic lineages, some of which may be traceable to the early Miocene, 20 Myr BP.

------------------

References

1. Hershkovitz, P. Living New World Monkeys (Platyrrhini) Vol. I (University of Chicago Press, 1977).
2. Szalay, F. S. & Delson, E. Evolutionary History of the Primates (Academic, New York, 1979).
3. Rosenberger, A. L. Nature 279, 416−418 (1979).
4. Delson, E. & Rosenberger, A. L. in Living Fossils (eds Eldredge, N. & Stanley, S. M.) 50−61 (Springer, New York, 1984).
5. Fields, R. W. Univ. Calif. Publs Bull. Dep. Geol. 32, 405−444 (1959).
6. Marshall, L. G. in The Great American Biotic Interchange (eds Stehli, F. G. & Webb, S. D.) 49−85 (Plenum, New York, 1985).
7. Cartmill, M. in Evolutionary Biology of the New World Monkeys and Continental Drift (eds Ciochon, R. L. & Chiarelli, A. B.) 243−274 (Plenum, New York, 1980).
8. Wright, P. C. in Ecology and Behavior of Neotropical Primates (eds Coimbra-Filho, A. F. & Mittermeier, R. A.) 211−240 (Academia Brasileira de Ciencias, Rio de Janeiro, 1981).
9. Kay, R. F. & Cartmill, M. J. hum. Evol. 6, 19−35 (1977). | ISI |
10. Schultz, A. H. Am. J. phys. Anthrop. 26, 389−408 (1940). | Article |
11. Rathbunn, G. B. Primates 21, 211−219 (1980).
12. Fleagle, J. G. & Rosenberger, A. L. in Morphologie Evolutive, Morphogenese du Crane et Origine de l'Homme (ed. Sakka, M.) 141−153 (CNRS, Paris, 1983).
13. Fleagle, J. G. & Bown, T. M. Folia Primatol. 41, 249−266 (1983).
14. Rosenberger, A. L. Phylogeny, Evolution and Classification of New World Monkeys (Platyrrhini, Primates) (University Microfilms, Ann Arbor, 1979).
15. Marshall, L. G. J. Paleont. 50, 402−418 (1976).
16. Hirschfeld, S. E. J. Paleont. 50, 419−432 (1976).
17. Fields, R. W. Univ. Calif. Publs geol. Sci. 32, 273−404 (1957).
18. Cifelli, R. L. in The Great American Biotic Interchange (eds Stehli, F. G. & Webb, S. D.) 249−266 (Plenum, New York, 1985).
19. Webb, S. D. in The Great American Biotic Interchange (eds Stehli, F. G. & Webb, S. D.) 357−386 (Plenum, New York, 1985).
20. Sarich, V. M. & Cronin, J. R. in Evolutionary Biology of the New World Monkeys and Continental Drift (eds Ciochon, R. L. & Chiarelli, A. B.) 399−421 (Plenum, New York, 1980).
21. Rosenberger, A. L. J. hum. Evol. 13, 737−742 (1984). | ISI |
22. MacFadden, B. J. et al. J. Geol. 93, 223−250 (1985). | ChemPort |
23. Wolff, R. G. J. vert. Paleont. 4, 570−574 (1984).
24. Rosenberger, A. L. Int. J. Primatol. 2, 1−7 (1981).



© 1987 Nature Publishing Group
Privacy Policy