Nature Publishing Group, publisher of Nature, and other science journals and reference works
Nature
my account e-alerts subscribe register
   
Sunday 23 July 2017
Journal Home
Current Issue
AOP
Archive
Download PDF
References
Export citation
Export references
Send to a friend
More articles like this

Article
Nature 322, 701 - 706 (21 August 1986); doi:10.1038/322701a0

Melting history of Antarctica during the past 60,000 years

L. D. Labeyrie*, J. J. Pichon, M. Labracherie, P. Ippolito, J. Duprat & J. C. Duplessy*

*Centre des Faibles Radioactivités, Laboratoire Mixte CNRS/CEA, Domaine du CNRS, 91190 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
Département de Géologie et Océanographie, L. A. 197, Université de Bordeaux 1, Avenue des Facultés, 33405 Talence, France

Marked changes in the surface-water hydrology of the Southern Ocean during the past 60 kyr are revealed by a detailed comparison of the oxygen isotopic composition of planktonic and benthic foraminifera from sediment cores and the surface-water temperature estimated by a transfer function derived from the distribution of diatoms in the same sediments. From 35 to 17 kyr BP, the Southern Ocean polar front was covered by a melt-water lid containing a significant contribution from melting icebergs, calved from Antarctic ice shelves. These icebergs may have originated from a succession of surges of the ice shelves.

------------------

References

1. CLIMAP Science 191, 1131−1137 (1976). | ISI |
2. Knox, F. & McElroy, M. E. J.Geophys. Res. 89, 4629−4637 (1984). | ChemPort |
3. Hollin, J. T. J. Glaciol. 4, 173−175 (1962).
4. Imbrie, J. & Kipp, N. J. in The Late Cenozoic Ages (ed. Turekian, K. K.) 71−79 (Yale University Press, New Haven, 1971).
5. Pichon, J. J., Labracherie, M. & Labeyrie, L. D. Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol Palaeoecol. (submitted).
6. Emiliani, C. J. Geol. 74, 109−124 (1966). | ISI | ChemPort |
7. Gordon, A. I. in Antarctic Oceanology 1 (Antarctic Research Series Vol. 15) (ed. Reid, J. L.) 169−203 (American Geophysical Union, Washington, 1971).
8. Hays, J. D., Lozano, J. A., Shackleton, N. & Irving, G. Mem. Geol. Soc. Am. 145, 337−372 (1976). | ChemPort |
9. Cooke, D. W. & Hays, J. D. Proc. 3rd Symp. Antarct. Geol Geophys. (ed. Craddock, C.) 1017−1025 (University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, 1982).
10. Duplessy, J. C., Moyes, J. & Pujol, C. Nature 286, 279−482 (1980). | PubMed |
11. Labeyrie, L. D. & Duplessy, J. C. Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimat., Palaeoecol. 50, 217−240 (1985). | Article | ISI | ChemPort |
12. Caulet, J. P. Bull. Soc. Géol. Fr. 24, 555−562 (1982).
13. Imbrie, J. et al. in Milankovitch and Climate (eds Berger, A. L., Imbrie, J., Hays, J., Kukla, G. & Saltzman, B.) 269−306 (Reidel, New York, 1984).
14. Duplessy, J. C., Labeyrie, L. D. & Shackleton, N. J. Eos 66, 292 (1985).
15. Labeyrie, L. D., Juillet, A. & Duplessy, J. C. in Proc. 7th Diatom Symp. 1982 (ed. Cramer, J.) 477−491 (Gantner, Vaduz, 1984).
16. Duplessy, J. C. et al. Nature 320, 350−352 (1986). | ISI | ChemPort |
17. Hays, J. D., Imbrie, J. & Shackleton, N. J. Science 194, 1121−1132 (1976). | ISI |
18. Kellog, T. B., Duplessy, J. C. & Shackleton, N. J. Boreas 7, 61−71 (1978). | ISI |
19. Reynolds, L. A. & Thunell, R. C. Micropaleontology 32, 1−18 (1986). | ISI |
20. MacIsaac, J. J., Dugdale, R. C., Barber, R. T., Blasco, D. & Packard, T. T. Deep Sea Res. 32, 503−529 (1985). | Article | ISI | ChemPort |
21. Shackleton, N. J. in Variations du Climat au Cours du Pleistocene, 203−209 (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Gif, 1974).
22. Labeyrie, L. D. et al. Geol. Soc. Am. Abstr. Progm. 17, 637 (1985).
23. Craig, H. & Gordon, L. in Stable Isotopes in Oceanographic Studies and Paleotemperatures, 9−131 (Consiglio Nazionale delle Richerche, Pisa, 1965).
24. Duplessy, J. C. C. R. hebd. Séanc. Acad. Sci., Paris 271, 1075−1078 (1970). | ChemPort |
25. Weiss, R. F., Ostlund, H. G. & Craig, H. Deep Sea Res. 26A, 1093−1120 (1979).
26. Cooke, D. W. thesis, Columbia Univ. (1978).
27. Smith, D. G., Ledbetter, M. T. & Cieselski, P. F. Mar. Geol. 53, 291−312 (1983). | Article | ISI | ChemPort |
28. Keany, J., Ledbetter, M., Watkins, N. & Huang, T. C. Geol. Soc. Am. Bull. 87, 873−882 (1976). | ISI |
29. Morley, J. J. & Hays, J. Earth planet. Sci. Lett. 66, 63−72 (1983). | Article | ISI |
30. Burckle, L. H. Mar. Micropaleont. 9, 241−261 (1984). | Article | ISI |
31. Jacobs, S. S., Gordon, A. L. & Amos, A. F. Nature 277, 469−471 (1979). | ISI | ChemPort |
32. Orlheim, O. U.S. Dep. Energy Rep. No. DOE/EV/602351, 210−215 (1984).
33. Lorius, C., Merlivat, L., Jouzel, J. & Pourchet, M. Nature 280, 644−648 (1979). | ISI | ChemPort |
34. Lorius, C. et al. Nature 316, 591−596 (1985). | ISI | ChemPort |
35. Yiou, F., Raisbeck, G. M., Bourles, D., Lorius, C. & Barkov, N. I. Nature 316, 616−617 (1985). | ISI | ChemPort |
36. Raynaud, D. & Whillans, I. M. Ann. Glaciol. 3, 269−273 (1982).
37. Denton, G. H. & Hughes, T. J. Quat. Res. 20, 125−144 (1983). | ISI |
38. Hughes, T. J. et al. in The Last Great Ice Sheets (eds Denton, G. H. & Hughes, T. J.) 263−317 (Wiley, New York, 1981).
39. Sugden, D. E. & Clapperton, C. M. Quat. Res. 7, 268−282 (1977). | ISI |
40. Burkle, L. H. & Cooke, D. W. Micropaleontology 29, 6−10 (1983).
41. Neshiba, S. Nature 267, 507−508 (1977).
42. Weertman, J. Nature 260, 284−286 (1976). | ISI |
43. Thomas, R. H. Nature 259, 180−183 (1976). | ISI |
44. Chappell, J. Search 14, 99−101 (1983). | ISI |
45. Wefer, G. et al. Nature 299, 145−147 (1982). | ISI |
46. Dietrich, G. Atlas of the Hydrography of the Northern North Atlantic Ocean (Conseil International pour l'Exploration de la Mer, Charlottenlund Slot, 1969).
47. Wyrtki, K. Oceanographic Atlas of the International Indian Ocean Expedition (National Science Foundation, Washington, 1971).
48. Duplessy, J. C. et al. Quat. Res. 21, 225−243 (1984). | ISI |
49. Tchernia, P. & Jeannin, P. F. Quelques Aspects de la Circulation Océanique Antarctique Révélés par l'Observation de la Dérive d'Icebergs (Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales, Toulouse, 1983).



© 1986 Nature Publishing Group
Privacy Policy