Nature Publishing Group, publisher of Nature, and other science journals and reference works
Nature
my account e-alerts subscribe register
   
Thursday 21 September 2017
Journal Home
Current Issue
AOP
Archive
Download PDF
References
Export citation
Export references
Send to a friend
More articles like this

Review Article
Nature 311, 517 - 525 (11 October 1984); doi:10.1038/311517a0

Formation of galaxies and large-scale structure with cold dark matter

George R. Blumenthal*, S. M. Faber*, Joel R. Primack§ & Martin J. Rees§

*Lick Observatory, Board of Studies in Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, Santa Cruz, California 95064, USA
Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA
Institute of Theoretical Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106, USA
§Permanent addresses: Santa Cruz Institute of Particle Physics, University of California, Santa Cruz, California 95064, USA (J.R.P.) ; Institute of Astronomy, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK (M.J.R.).

The dark matter that appears to be gravitationally dominant on all scales larger than galactic cores may consist of axions, stable photinos, or other collisionless particles whose velocity dispersion in the early Universe is so small that fluctuations of galactic size or larger are not damped by free streaming. An attractive feature of this cold dark matter hypothesis is its considerable predictive power: the post-recombination fluctuation spectrum is calculable, and it in turn governs the formation of galaxies and clusters. Good agreement with the data is obtained for a Zeldovich (|δk|2 k) spectrum of primordial fluctuations.

------------------

References

1. Faber, S. M. & Gallagher, J. S. A. Rev. Ast. Astrophys. 17, 135−187 (1979). | Article | ISI |
2. Peebles, P. J. E. Astrophys. J. Lett. 263, L1−L5 (1982). | Article | ChemPort |
3. Primack, J. R. & Blumenthal, G. R. Formation and Evolution of Galaxies and Large Structures in the Universe (eds Audouze, J. & Tran Thanh Van, J. 163−183 (Reidel, Dordrecht, 1983).
4. Primack, J. R. & Blumenthal, G. R. 4th Workshop on Grand Unification (eds Weldon, H. A., Langacker, P. & Steinhardt, P. J.) 256−288 (Birkhauser, Boston, 1983). | ChemPort |
5. Primack, J. R. & Blumenthal, G. R. Clusters and Groups of Galaxies (eds Mardirossian, F., Giuricin, G. & Mezzetti, M.)(Reidel, Dordrecht, in the press).
6. Peebles, P. J. E. Astrophys. J. 277, 470−477 (1984). | Article | ISI | ChemPort |
7. Blumenthal, G. R. & Primack, J. R. Preprint (SLAC-PUB-3388, 1984).
8. Peebles, P. J. E. The Large Scale Structure of the Universe (Princeton University Press, 1980).
9. Efstathiou, G. & Silk, J. Fundm. Cosmic Phys. 9, 1−138 (1983). | ChemPort |
10. Lyubimov, V. A. et al. Phys. Lett. B94, 266−268 (1980). | Article | ISI |
11. Zeldovich, Ya. B., Einasto, J. & Shandarin, S. F. Nature 300, 407−413 (1982). | ISI |
12. Shandarin, S. F., Doroshkevich, A. G. & Zeldovich, Ya. B. Sov. Phys. Usp. 26, 46−76 (1983).
13. Pagels, H. R. & Primack, J. R. Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 223−226 (1982). | Article | ISI | ChemPort |
14. Olive, K. A. & Turner, M. S. Phys. Rev. D25, 213−216 (1982). | Article | ISI | ChemPort |
15. Blumenthal, G. R., Pagels, H. & Primack, J. R. Nature 299, 37−38 (1982). | ISI | ChemPort |
16. Bond, J. R., Szalay, A. S. & Turner, M. S. Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 1636−1639 (1982). | Article | ISI | ChemPort |
17. Bond, J. R. & Szalay, A. S. Astrophys. J. 274, 443−468 (1984). | Article | ISI |
18. Ipser, J. & Sikivie, P. Phys. Rev. Lett. 50, 925−927 (1983). | Article | ISI | ChemPort |
19. Peccei, R. & Quinn, H. Phys. Rev. D16, 1791−1797 (1977). | Article | ISI | ChemPort |
20. Weinberg, S. Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 223−226 (1978). | Article | ISI | ChemPort |
21. Wilczek, F. Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 279−282 (1978). | Article | ISI | ChemPort |
22. Preskill, J., Wise, M. & Wilczek, F. Phys. Lett. 120B, 127−132 (1983). | Article | ISI |
23. Abbott, L. & Sikivie, P. Phys. Lett. 120B, 133−136 (1983). | Article | ISI |
24. Dine, M. & Fischler, W. Phys. Lett. 120B, 137−141 (1983). | Article | ISI |
25. Fukugita, M., Watamura, S. & Yoshimura, M. Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 1522−1525 (1982). | Article | ISI | ChemPort |
26. Sikivie, P. Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 1415−1417 (1983); erratum 52, 695 (1984). | Article |
27. Ellis, J., Hagelin, J. S., Nanopoulos, D. V., Olive, K. & Srednicki, M. Nucl. Phys. B 238, 453−476 (1984). | Article | ISI |
28. Stecker, F. W. & Shafi, Q. Phys. Rev. Lett. 50, 928−931 (1983). | Article | ISI | ChemPort |
29. Freese, K., Price, R. & Schramm, D. N. Astrophys. J. 275, 405−412 (1983). | Article | ISI | ChemPort |
30. Carr, B. J. Commis Astrophys. 7, 161−173 (1978).
31. Lacey, C. G. Formation and Evolution of Galaxies and Large Scale Structures in the Universe (eds Audouze, J. & Tran Thanh Van, J.) 351−360 (Reidel, Dordrecht, 1984).
32. Lin, D. N. C. & Faber, S. M. Astrophys. J. Lett. 266, L21−L25 (1983). | Article |
33. Canizares, C. R. Astrophys. J. 263, 508−517 (1982). | Article | ISI |
34. Witten, E. Phys. Rev. D30, 272−285 (1984). | Article | ISI | ChemPort |
35. Carr, B. J., Bond, J. R. & Arnett, W. D. Astrophys. J. 277, 445−469 (1984). | Article | ISI | ChemPort |
36. Hegyi, D. J. & Olive, K. A. Phys. Lett. 126B, 28−32 (1983). | Article | ISI |
37. Yang, J., Turner, M. S., Steigman, G., Schramm, D. N. & Olive, K. A. Astrophys. J. (in the press).
38. Uson, J. M. & Wilkinson, D. T. Astrophys. J. Lett. 277, L1−L4 (1984). | Article |
39. Uson, J. M. & Wilkinson, D. T. Inner Space/ Outer Space (eds Kolb, E. W. et al.) (University of Chicago Press, in the press).
40. Weinberg, S. Astrophysical Cosmology: Proc. Study Week on Cosmology and Fundamental Physics (eds Brück, H. A., Coyne, G. V. & Longair, M. S.) 503−528 (Pontifical Scientific Academy, Vatican, 1982). | ChemPort |
41. Kolb, E. W. & Turner, M. S. A. Rev. Nucl. Part. Sci. 33, 645−696 (1983). | Article | ISI | ChemPort |
42. Rees, M. J. The Very Early Universe (eds Gibbons, G., Hawking, S. & Siklos, S.) 29−58 (Cambridge University Press, 1983).
43. Frenk, C., White, S. D. M. & Davis, M. Astrophys. J. 271, 417−430 (1983). | Article | ISI | ChemPort |
44. Dekel, A. & Aarseth, S. Astrophys. J. 283 (in the press). | PubMed |
45. Kaiser, N. Astrophys. J. Lett. 273, L17−L20 (1983). | Article | ChemPort |
46. Faber, S. M. Proc. 1st ESO−CERN Symp., Large Scale Structure of the Universe, Cosmology, and Fundamental Physics (in the press).
47. Bond, J. R., Szalay, A. S. & White, S. D. M. Nature 301, 584−585 (1983). | ISI | ChemPort |
48. Aaronson, M. Astrophys. J. Lett. 266, L11−L15 (1983). | Article |
49. Aaronson, M. & Cook, K. Bull. Am. astr. Soc. 15, 907 (1983).
50. Cook, K., Schechter, P. & Aaronson, M. Bull. Am. astr. Soc. 15, 907 (1983).
51. Faber, S. M. & Lin, D. N. C. Astrophys. J. Lett. 266, L17−L20 (1983). | Article |
52. Davis, M., Lecar, M., Pryor, C. & Witten, E. Astrophys. J. 250, 423 (1981). | Article | ISI | ChemPort |
53. Hut, P. & White, S. D. M. Nature 310, 637−644 (1984). | ISI | ChemPort |
54. Doroshkevich, A. G. & Khlopov, M. Yu. Mon. Not. R. astr. Soc. (in the press).
55. Turner, M. S., Steigman, G. & Krauss, L. M. Preprint (Fermilab, 1984).
56. Primack, J. R. & Roncadelli, M. Preprint (SLAC-PUB-3304, 1984).
57. Shafi, Q. & Stecker, F. W. Preprint (Bartol Research Foundation, 1984).
58. Gelmini, G., Schramm, D. N. & Valle, J. W. F. Preprint (CERN-TH-3865, 1984).
59. Harrison, E. R. Phys. Rev. D1, 2726−2730 (1970). | Article | ISI |
60. Peebles, P. J. E. & Yu, J. T. Astrophys. J. 162, 815−836 (1970). | Article | ISI |
61. Zeldovich, Ya. B. Mon. Not. R. astr. Soc. 160, 1P−3P (1972).
62. Shafi, Q. & Vilenkin, A. Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 691−694 (1984). | Article | ISI | ChemPort |
63. Steinhardt, P. J. & Turner, M. S. Preprint (Fermilab, 1984).
64. Quinn, H. R. & Gupta, S. Phys. Rev. D29, 2791−2797 (1984). | ISI |
65. Zeldovich, Ya. B. Mon. Not. R. astr. Soc. 192, 663−667 (1980). | ISI |
66. Vilenkin, A. Phys, Rev. D24, 2082−2089 (1981). | Article | ISI | ChemPort |
67. Bond, J. R., Efstathiou, G. & Silk, J. Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1980−1984 (1980). | Article | ISI | ChemPort |
68. Doroshkevich, A. G., Zeldovich, Ya. B., Sunyaev, R. A. & Khlopov, M. Yu. Soviet Astr. Lett. 6, 252−256 (1980).
69. Chernin, A. D. Soviet Astr. 25, 14−16 (1981).
70. White, S. D. M. & Rees, M. J. Mon. Not. R. astr. Soc. 183, 341−358 (1978). | ISI |
71. Rees, M. J. & Ostriker, J. P. Mon. Not. R. astr. Soc. 179, 541−559 (1977). | ISI | ChemPort |
72. Faber, S. M. Astrophysical Cosmology: Proc. Study Week on Cosmology and Fundamental Physics (eds Brück, H. A., Coyne, G. V. & Longair, M. S.) 191−234 (Pontifical Scientific Academy, Vatican, 1982).
73. Silk, J. Nature 301, 574−578 (1983). | ISI | ChemPort |
74. Forman, W. & Jones, C. Ann. Rev. Astr. Astrophys. 20, 547−585 (1982). | Article | ISI |
75. Geller, M. J. & Beers, T. C. Proc. Astr. Soc. Paci. 94, 421−439 (1982). | Article |
76. Thuan, T. X. & Romanishin, W. Astrophys. J. 248, 439−459 (1981). | Article | ISI |
77. Cavaliere, A., Santangelo, P., Tarquini, G. & Vittorio, N. Clusters and Groups of Galaxies (eds Mardirossian, F., Giuricin, G. & Mezzetti, M.) (Reidel, Dordrecht, in the press).
78. Yoneyama, T. Publ. Astr. Soc. Jap. 24, 87−98 (1972). | ISI | ChemPort |
79. Peebles, P. J. E. Preprint (Princeton Univ., 1984).
80. Fall, S. M. & Rees, M. J. (in preparation).
81. Fall, S. M. & Rees, M. J. Mon. Not. R. astr. Soc. 181, 37P−42P (1977).
82. Geller, M. & Huchra, J. Astrophys. J. Suppl. 52, 61−87 (1983). | Article | ISI |
83. Faber, S. M., Blumenthal, G. R. & Primack, J. R. Astrophys. J. Lett. (submitted).
84. Blumenthal, G. R., Faber, S. M. & Primack, J. R. (in preparation).
85. Efstathiou, G. & Jones, B. J. T. Mon. Not. R. astr. Soc. 186, 133−144 (1979). | ISI |
86. Fall, S. M. & Efstathiou, G. Mon. Not. R. astr. Soc. 193, 189−206 (1980). | ISI |
87. Sandage, A., Freeman, K. C. & Stokes, N. R. Astrophys. J. 160, 831−844 (1970). | Article | ISI |
88. Efstathiou, G. & Barnes, J. Formation and Evolution of Galaxies and Large Scale Structures in the Universe (eds Audouze, J. & Iran Thanh Van, J.) 361−377 (Reidel, Dordrecht, 1984).
89. Gott, J. R. & Thuan, T. X. Astrophys. J. 204, 649−667 (1976). | Article | ISI |
90. Davis, M. & Peebles, P. J. E. Astrophys. J. 267, 465−482 (1983). | Article | ISI |
91. Sandage, A. Proc. 1st ESO-CERN Symp., Large Scale Structure of the Universe, Cosmology, and Fundamental Physics (in the press).
92. Davis, M., Efstathiou, G., Frenk, C. & White, S. D. M. (in preparation).
93. Bond, J. R. & Efstathiou, G. Preprint (NSF-ITP-84-79, 1984).
94. Vittorio, N. & Silk, J. Preprint (U. Cal. Berkeley, 1984).
95. Peebles, P. J. E. Preprint (Princeton Univ., 1984).
96. Kaiser, N. Inner Space/Outer Space (eds Kolb, E. W. et al.) (University of Chicago Press, in the press).
97. Bardeen, J. Inner Space/Outer Space (eds Kolb, E. W. et al.) (University of Chicago Press, in the press).
98. Hoffman, G. L., Salpeter, E. E. & Wasserman, I. Astrophys. J. 268, 527−539 (1983). | Article | ISI |
99. Hoffman, Y. & Shaham, J. Astrophys. J. Lett. 262, L23−L26 (1982). | Article |
100. Kirshner, R. F., Oemler, A., Schechter, P. L. & Schectman, S. A. Astrophys. J. Lett. 248, L57−L60 (1981). | Article |
101. Kirshner, R. F., Oemler, A., Schechter, P. L. & Schectman, S. A. Early Evolution of the Universe and its Present Structure, IAU Symp. No. 104 197−202 (1983).
102. Oort, J. H. A. Rev. Astr. Astrophys. 21, 373−428 (1983). | Article | ISI |
103. Dressler, A. Astrophys. J. 236, 351−365 (1980). | Article | ISI |
104. Postman, M. & Geller, M. J. Astrophys. J. 281, 95−99 (1984). | Article | ISI |
105. Binggeli, B. Astr. Astrophys. 107, 338−349 (1982). | ISI |
106. Zeldovich, Ya. B. Astr. Astrophys. 5, 84−89 (1970). | ISI |
107. Arnold, V. I., Shandarin, S. F. & Zeldovich, Ya. B. Geophys. Astrophys. Fluid Dyn. 20, 111 (1982). | ISI |
108. Bond, J. R., Centrella, J., Szalay, A. S. & Wilson, J. R. Formation and Evolution of Galaxies and Large Structures in the Universe (eds Audouze, J. & Tran Thanh Van, J.) 87−99 (Reidel, Dordrecht, 1984). | ChemPort |
109. Shapiro, P. R., Struck-Marcell, C. & Melott, A. L. Astrophys. J. 275, 413−429 (1983). | Article | ISI | ChemPort |
110. Dekel, A., West, M. J. & Aarseth, S. J. Astrophys. J. 279, 1 (1984). | Article | ISI | ChemPort |
111. Melott, A., Einasto, J., Saar, E., Suisalu, I., Klypin, A. A. & Shandarin, S. F. Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 935−938 (1983). | Article | ISI | ChemPort |
112. Dekel, A. Astrophys. J. 264, 373−391 (1983). | Article | ISI |
113. Doroshkevich, A. G., Shandarin, S. F. & Zeldovich, Ya. B. Commt Astrophys. 9, 265−273 (1982). | ChemPort |
114. Rees, M. J. Clusters and Groups of Galaxies (eds Mardirossian, F., Giuricin, G. & Mezzetti, M.) (Reidel, Dordrecht, in the press).
115. Ostriker, J. P. Astrophysical Cosmology: Proc. Study Week on Cosmology and Fundamental Physics (eds Brück, H. A., Coyne, G. V. & Longair, M. S.) 473−493 (Pontifical Scientific Academy, Vatican, 1982).
116. Dekel, A. 8th Johns Hopkins Workshop on Current Problems in Particle Theory (eds Domokos, G. & Kovesi-Domokos, S.) (World Scientific Publishing, Singapore, in the press).
117. Shandarin, S. F. Soviet Astr. Lett. 9, 104 (1983). | ISI |
118. Barrow, J. D. & Bhavsar, S. P. Mon. Not. R. astr. Soc. 205, 66 (1983).
119. Dekel, A. & West, M. J. Preprint (NSF-ITP-84-44, 1984).
120. Dressler, A. Astrophys. J. 226, 55−69 (1978). | Article | ISI |
121. Jones, C. & Forman, W. Astrophys. J. 276, 38−55 (1983). | Article | ISI |
122. Kriss, G. A., Cioffi, D. F. & Canizares, C. R. Astrophys. J. 272, 439−448 (1983). | Article | ISI |
123. Beers, T. C., Geller, M. J., Huchra, J. P., Latham, D. W. & Davis, R. J. Astrophys. J. (in the press).
124. Gunn, J. E. Astrophysical Cosmology (eds Brück, H. A., Coyne, G. V. & Longair, M. S.) 233−259 (Pontifical Scientific Academy, Vatican, 1982). | ChemPort |
125. Young, P. J. Astr. J. 81, 807−816 (1976). | Article | ISI |
126. Kent, S. M. & Gunn, J. E. Astr. J. 87, 945−971 (1982). | Article | ISI |
127. Kent, S. M. & Sargent, W. L. W. Astr. J. 88, 697−708 (1983). | Article | ISI |
128. de Vaucouleurs, G., de Vaucouleurs, A. & Corwin, H. R. 2nd Reference Catalogue of Bright Galaxies (University of Texas, Austin, 1976).
129. Dressler, A. & Sandage, A. R. Astrophys. J. 265, 664−680 (1983). | Article | ISI |
130. Rubin, V. C. Internal Kinematics and Dynamics of Galaxies (ed. Athanassoula, E.) 3−6 (Reidel, Dordrecht, 1983).
131. Rubin, V. C., Ford, W. K., Thonnard, N. & Burstein, D. Astrophys. J. 261, 439−456 (1982). | Article | ISI |
132. Burstein, D., Rubin, V. C., Thonnard, N. & Ford, W. K. Astrophys. J. 253, 70−85 (1982). | Article | ISI |
133. Thuan, T. X. & Seitzer, P. O. Astrophys. J. 231, 680−687 (1979). | Article | ISI | ChemPort |
134. Tonry, J. & Davis, M. Astrophys. J. 246, 680−695 (1981). | Article | ISI | ChemPort |
135. Raymond, J. C., Cox, D. P. & Smith, B. W. Astrophys. J. 204, 290−292 (1976). | Article | ISI | ChemPort |
136. Dalgarno, A. & McCray, R. A. A. Rev. Astr. Astrophys. 10, 375−426 (1972). | Article | ISI | ChemPort |



© 1984 Nature Publishing Group
Privacy Policy