Nature Publishing Group, publisher of Nature, and other science journals and reference works
Nature
my account e-alerts subscribe register
   
Wednesday 24 May 2017
Journal Home
Current Issue
AOP
Archive
Download PDF
References
Export citation
Export references
Send to a friend
More articles like this

Letters to Nature
Nature 301, 707 - 709 (24 February 1983); doi:10.1038/301707a0

Neuronal correlates of sleep, wakefulness and arousal in a diurnal insect

Walter Kaiser & Jana Steiner-Kaiser

Institut für Zoologie der Technischen Hochschule Darmstadt, Schnittspahnstrasse 3, D-6100 Darmstadt, FRG

The discovery that various states of sleep, rest, wakefulness and arousal in man can be correlated with specific forms of the electroencephalogram1 has led to intensive studies of these states, mostly in mammals2–5. Today it is generally accepted that circadian sleep-wakefulness cycles occur in mammals and birds2,3,6. Behavioural observations on sleep in moths have also been published7; many other invertebrates demonstrate rest/activity cycles8. Circadian sensitivity fluctuations in both central9 and peripheral10–15 components of the visual system of various nocturnal arthropod species have been demonstrated. We now report that long-term, extracellular, single-unit recordings from optomotor interneurones in the optic lobes of forager honey bees reveal an oscillation in their sensitivity to moving visual stimuli16,17. The oscillation displays properties typical of a circadian rhythm6,18. The sensitivity of the neurones is higher during the subjective day than during the subjective night. The locomotor activity of individual, fixed walking forager bees shows a similar circadian oscillation and is also higher during the subjective day. Visual and mechanical stimuli can act directly on the interneurones and restore their sensitivity during times of reduced neuronal responsiveness. A comparison with results available for mammals makes it likely that the neuronal phenomena presented here are correlates of the bee's circadian sleep-wakefulness rhythm.

------------------

References

1. Berger, H. Arch. Psychiat. Nervenkr. 87, 527−570 (1929).
2. Baust, W. (ed.) Ermüdung, Schlaf und Traum (Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, Stuttgart, 1970).
3. Enright, J. T. The Timing of Sleep and Wakefulness (Springer, Berlin, 1980).
4. Borbély, A. A. & Neuhaus, H. U. J. comp. Physiol. 124, 1−14 (1978); 128, 37−46 (1978).
5. Mitler, M. M., Lund, R., Sokolove, P. G., Pittendrigh, C. S. & Dement, W. C. Brain Res. 131, 129−145 (1977). | Article | PubMed | ISI | ChemPort |
6. Aschoff, J. (ed.) Handbook of Behavioral Neurobiology Vol. 4 (Plenum, New York, 1981).
7. Andersen, F. S. Opusc. Ent. 33, Pt 1−2, 15−24 (1968).
8. Brady, J. in Handbook of Behavioral Neurobiology Vol. 4 (ed. Aschoff, J.) 125−144 (Plenum, New York, 1981).
9. Aréchiga, H. & Wiersma, C. A. G. J. Neurobiol. 1, 71−85 (1969). | PubMed |
10. Aréchiga, H. & Huberman, A. Frontiers Horm. Res. 6, 16−34 (1980).
11. Barlow, R. B. Jr & Chamberlain, S. C. in The Effects of Constant Light on Visual Processes (eds Williams, T. P. & Baker, B. N.) 247−269 (Plenum, New York, 1980).
12. Fleissner, G. J. comp. Physiol. 91, 399−416 (1974). | ISI |
13. Fleissner, G. & Fleissner, G. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 61A, 69−71 (1978). | Article | ISI |
14. Wada, S. & Schneider, G. Z. vergl. Physiol. 58, 395−397 (1968). | ISI |
15. Yamashita, S. & Tateda, H. J. comp. Physiol. 143, 477−483 (1981). | ISI |
16. Kaiser, W. Verh. Dtsch. Zool. Ges. 1979, 211 (1979).
17. Kaiser, W. in The Biology of Social Insects (eds Breed, M. D.f Michener, C. D. & Evans, H. E.) 352−355 (Westview, Boulder, 1982).
18. Brady, J. Biological Clocks (Edward Arnold, London, 1979).
19. DeVoe, R. D., Kaiser, W., Ohm, J. & Stone, L. S. J. comp. Physiol. 147, 155−170 (1982). | ISI |
20. Kaiser, W. & Bishop, L. G. Z. vergl. Physiol. 67, 403−413 (1970). | Article | ISI |
21. Spangler, H. G. Ann. ent. Soc. Am. 65, 1073−1076 (1972). | ISI |
22. Lindauer, M. Z. vergl. Physiol. 34, 299−345 (1952). | Article | ISI |
23. Rowell, C. H. F. J. exp. Biol. 55, 749−761 (1971). | ISI |
24. Livingstone, M. S. & Hubel, D. H. Nature 291, 554−561 (1981). | PubMed | ISI | ChemPort |
25. Milde, J.thesis, Freie Univ. Berlin (1982).
26. Aréchiga, H., Huberman, A. & Naylor, E. Proc. R. Soc. B187, 299−313 (1974).
27. Autrum, H. in Handbook of Sensory Physiology Vol. 7, Pt 6C (ed. Autrum, H.) 1−91 (Springer, Berlin, 1981).
28. Swihart, S. L. Zoologica 48, 155−165 (1963).
29. Rowell, C. H. F. & Horn, G. J. exp. Biol. 49, 171−183 (1968). | ISI |
30. Rowell, C. H. F. J. exp. Biol. 55, 727−747 (1971). | ISI |
31. Rowell, C. H. F., O'Shea, M. & Williams, J. L. D. J. exp. Biol. 68, 157−185 (1977). | PubMed | ISI |



© 1983 Nature Publishing Group
Privacy Policy