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Letters to Nature
Nature 241, 545 (23 February 1973); doi:10.1038/241545a0

The Pathogenicity of Nodamura Virus for Insects

L. BAILEY* & H. A. SCOTT

Virology and Bio-Control Laboratory, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701
*Present address: Rothamsted Experimental Station, Harpenden, Hertfordshire.

NODAMURA virus, which was originally isolated from mosquitoes from Nodamura, near Tokyo, multiplies in several insect and tick species, apparently without causing symptoms. It is transmissible to suckling mice by infected Aedes aegypti, and is fatal1. In Japan young pigs have been found with antibodies to the Nodamura virus, which has been classified as an unusual kind of arbovirus because it is resistant to ether2. This property, together wjth other features of the virus particles3 are reminiscent of acute bee-paralysis virus4 and we therefore examined its effect on the honey-bee, Apis mellifera. We also tested its pathogenicity for the wax moth, Galleria mellonella.

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References

1. Scherer, W. F., and Hurlbut, H. S., Amer. J. Epidem., 86, 271 (1967).
2. Scherer, W. F., Verna, J. E., and Richter, G. W., Amer. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 17, 120 (1968).
3. Murphy, F. A., Scherer, W. F., Harrison, A. K., Dunne, H. W., and Gary, G. W., Virology, 40, 1008 (1970).
4. Bailey, L., Gibbs, A. J., and Woods, R. D., Virology, 21, 390 (1963).
5. Bailey, L., Gibbs, A. J., and Woods, R. D., J. Gen. Virol., 2, 251 (1968).



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