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Letters to Nature
Nature 201, 1145 - 1147 (14 March 1964); doi:10.1038/2011145a0

Group Selection and Kin Selection

J. MAYNARD SMITH

Department of Zoology, University College, London.

WYNNE-EDWARDS1,2 has argued persuasively for the importance of behaviour in regulating the density of animal populations, and has suggested that since such behaviour favours the survival of the group and not of the individual it must have evolved by a process of group selection. It is the purpose of this communication to consider how far this is likely to be true.

  1. Wynne-Edwards, V. C. , Animal Dispersion in Relation to Social Behaviour (Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh and London, 1962).
  2. Wynne-Edwards, V. C. , Nature, 200, 623 (1963). | Article |
  3. Haldane, J. B. S. , New Biology, 18, 34 (1955).
  4. Hamilton, W. D. , Amer. Nat., 97, 354 (1963). | ISI |
  5. Stephens, S. G. , J. Genet., 50, 9 (1950). | ISI |
  6. Nicholson, A. J. , Austral. J. Zool., 2, 9 (1955).



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