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Letters to Nature
Nature 170, 326 (23 August 1952); doi:10.1038/170326a0

The ‘Capacitation’ of the Mammalian Sperm


Division of Animal Health and Production, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, McMaster Animal Health Laboratory, Sydney, N.S.W. May 1.

IT was shown recently1 that sperms injected into the periovarian sac of the rat after ovulation did not begin to enter the eggs until four or five hours later. In the rabbit, too, sperms introduced into the Fallopian tubes shortly after ovulation seldom penetrated the eggs; but if sperms Were introduced a few hours before ovulation, the majority of the eggs Were later observed to be fertilized. Chang2 reported similar findings in the rabbit, and also showed that sperms, injected into the Fallopian tubes after ovulation, were able to penetrate a larger proportion of eggs if they had first spent about five hours in the uterus of another rabbit.

  1. Austin, C. R. , Aust. J. Sci. Res., B, 4, 581 (1951). | ISI | ChemPort |
  2. Chang, M. C. , Nature, 168, 697 (1951). | PubMed | ISI | ChemPort |

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