Letters

  • Letter |

    Emissions from eastern China account for approximately 40 to 60 per cent of the global rise in emissions of trichlorofluoromethane (CFC-11), which may be a result of new production and use.

    • M. Rigby
    • , S. Park
    • , T. Saito
    • , L. M. Western
    • , A. L. Redington
    • , X. Fang
    • , S. Henne
    • , A. J. Manning
    • , R. G. Prinn
    • , G. S. Dutton
    • , P. J. Fraser
    • , A. L. Ganesan
    • , B. D. Hall
    • , C. M. Harth
    • , J. Kim
    • , K.-R. Kim
    • , P. B. Krummel
    • , T. Lee
    • , S. Li
    • , Q. Liang
    • , M. F. Lunt
    • , S. A. Montzka
    • , J. Mühle
    • , S. O’Doherty
    • , M.-K. Park
    • , S. Reimann
    • , P. K. Salameh
    • , P. Simmonds
    • , R. L. Tunnicliffe
    • , R. F. Weiss
    • , Y. Yokouchi
    •  & D. Young
  • Letter |

    • Suzanne Z. Andersen
    • , Viktor Čolić
    • , Sungeun Yang
    • , Jay A. Schwalbe
    • , Adam C. Nielander
    • , Joshua M. McEnaney
    • , Kasper Enemark-Rasmussen
    • , Jon G. Baker
    • , Aayush R. Singh
    • , Brian A. Rohr
    • , Michael J. Statt
    • , Sarah J. Blair
    • , Stefano Mezzavilla
    • , Jakob Kibsgaard
    • , Peter C. K. Vesborg
    • , Matteo Cargnello
    • , Stacey F. Bent
    • , Thomas F. Jaramillo
    • , Ifan E. L. Stephens
    • , Jens K. Nørskov
    •  & Ib Chorkendorff
  • Letter |

    A lanthanum hydride compound at a pressure of around 170 gigapascals is found to exhibit superconductivity with a critical temperature of 250 kelvin.

    • A. P. Drozdov
    • , P. P. Kong
    • , V. S. Minkov
    • , S. P. Besedin
    • , M. A. Kuzovnikov
    • , S. Mozaffari
    • , L. Balicas
    • , F. F. Balakirev
    • , D. E. Graf
    • , V. B. Prakapenka
    • , E. Greenberg
    • , D. A. Knyazev
    • , M. Tkacz
    •  & M. I. Eremets
  • Letter |

    Slow compression of ice at low temperature results in the sequential formation of a series of crystalline phases, challenging theories that connect amorphous ice to supercooled liquid water.

    • Chris A. Tulk
    • , Jamie J. Molaison
    • , Adam R. Makhluf
    • , Craig E. Manning
    •  & Dennis D. Klug
  • Letter |

    A molecular model of STING-mediated signalling is proposed, as structural analysis identifies a crucial motif for the binding of TBK1 to STING, and a separate model involved in IRF-3 binding.

    • Baoyu Zhao
    • , Fenglei Du
    • , Pengbiao Xu
    • , Chang Shu
    • , Banumathi Sankaran
    • , Samantha L. Bell
    • , Mengmeng Liu
    • , Yuanjiu Lei
    • , Xinsheng Gao
    • , Xiaofeng Fu
    • , Fanxiu Zhu
    • , Yang Liu
    • , Arthur Laganowsky
    • , Xueyun Zheng
    • , Jun-Yuan Ji
    • , A. Phillip West
    • , Robert O. Watson
    •  & Pingwei Li
  • Letter |

    Seafloor-derived planktonic foraminifera communities of pre-industrial age are compared with communities from sediment-trap time series and show that Anthropocene communities of a globally distributed zooplankton group differ from their unperturbed pre-industrial state.

    • Lukas Jonkers
    • , Helmut Hillebrand
    •  & Michal Kucera
  • Letter |

    Patient data from six clinical trials are used to compare the genomic landscapes of breast cancer metastases with those of primary tumours, revealing an increase in mutational burden and clonal diversity.

    • François Bertucci
    • , Charlotte K. Y. Ng
    • , Anne Patsouris
    • , Nathalie Droin
    • , Salvatore Piscuoglio
    • , Nadine Carbuccia
    • , Jean Charles Soria
    • , Alicia Tran Dien
    • , Yahia Adnani
    • , Maud Kamal
    • , Séverine Garnier
    • , Guillaume Meurice
    • , Marta Jimenez
    • , Semih Dogan
    • , Benjamin Verret
    • , Max Chaffanet
    • , Thomas Bachelot
    • , Mario Campone
    • , Claudia Lefeuvre
    • , Herve Bonnefoi
    • , Florence Dalenc
    • , Alexandra Jacquet
    • , Maria R. De Filippo
    • , Naveen Babbar
    • , Daniel Birnbaum
    • , Thomas Filleron
    • , Christophe Le Tourneau
    •  & Fabrice André
  • Letter |

    Observations that molecular gas in NGC 300 is spatially uncorrelated with high-mass stars are attributed to rapid evolution, with molecular clouds quickly destroyed by stellar feedback, and low star-formation efficiency.

    • J. M. Diederik Kruijssen
    • , Andreas Schruba
    • , Mélanie Chevance
    • , Steven N. Longmore
    • , Alexander P. S. Hygate
    • , Daniel T. Haydon
    • , Anna F. McLeod
    • , Julianne J. Dalcanton
    • , Linda J. Tacconi
    •  & Ewine F. van Dishoeck
  • Letter |

    Spatial genome organization into lamina-associated domains is first established in the mouse zygote immediately after fertilization without inheritance from the maternal germline—with the paternal and maternal pronucleus exhibiting different organization, which subsequently converges prior to implantation of the embryo.

    • Máté Borsos
    • , Sara M. Perricone
    • , Tamás Schauer
    • , Julien Pontabry
    • , Kim L. de Luca
    • , Sandra S. de Vries
    • , Elias R. Ruiz-Morales
    • , Maria-Elena Torres-Padilla
    •  & Jop Kind
  • Letter |

    The stability of both colloidal quantum dots and perovskites can be improved by combining them into a hybrid material in which matched lattice parameters suppress the formation of undesired phases.

    • Mengxia Liu
    • , Yuelang Chen
    • , Chih-Shan Tan
    • , Rafael Quintero-Bermudez
    • , Andrew H. Proppe
    • , Rahim Munir
    • , Hairen Tan
    • , Oleksandr Voznyy
    • , Benjamin Scheffel
    • , Grant Walters
    • , Andrew Pak Tao Kam
    • , Bin Sun
    • , Min-Jae Choi
    • , Sjoerd Hoogland
    • , Aram Amassian
    • , Shana O. Kelley
    • , F. Pelayo García de Arquer
    •  & Edward H. Sargent
  • Letter |

    The epitaxial growth of large single-crystal hexagonal boron nitride monolayers on low-symmetry copper foils is demonstrated.

    • Li Wang
    • , Xiaozhi Xu
    • , Leining Zhang
    • , Ruixi Qiao
    • , Muhong Wu
    • , Zhichang Wang
    • , Shuai Zhang
    • , Jing Liang
    • , Zhihong Zhang
    • , Zhibin Zhang
    • , Wang Chen
    • , Xuedong Xie
    • , Junyu Zong
    • , Yuwei Shan
    • , Yi Guo
    • , Marc Willinger
    • , Hui Wu
    • , Qunyang Li
    • , Wenlong Wang
    • , Peng Gao
    • , Shiwei Wu
    • , Yi Zhang
    • , Ying Jiang
    • , Dapeng Yu
    • , Enge Wang
    • , Xuedong Bai
    • , Zhu-Jun Wang
    • , Feng Ding
    •  & Kaihui Liu
  • Letter |

    Morphological, ultrastructural and spectroscopic analyses identify a fungal affinity for microfossils in shale from Arctic Canada, which pushes back the date for this kingdom to 1,010–890 million years ago.

    • Corentin C. Loron
    • , Camille François
    • , Robert H. Rainbird
    • , Elizabeth C. Turner
    • , Stephan Borensztajn
    •  & Emmanuelle J. Javaux
  • Letter |

    The merger of two white dwarfs created a massive, hot, luminous, rotating and magnetized star with a lifetime of several thousand years, which will collapse into a type Ic supernova.

    • Vasilii V. Gvaramadze
    • , Götz Gräfener
    • , Norbert Langer
    • , Olga V. Maryeva
    • , Alexei Y. Kniazev
    • , Alexander S. Moskvitin
    •  & Olga I. Spiridonova
  • Letter |

    A spatially explicit global map of tree symbioses with nitrogen-fixing bacteria and mycorrhizal fungi reveals that climate variables are the primary drivers of the distribution of different types of symbiosis.

    • B. S. Steidinger
    • , T. W. Crowther
    • , J. Liang
    • , M. E. Van Nuland
    • , G. D. A. Werner
    • , P. B. Reich
    • , G. Nabuurs
    • , S. de-Miguel
    • , M. Zhou
    • , N. Picard
    • , B. Herault
    • , X. Zhao
    • , C. Zhang
    • , D. Routh
    • , K. G. Peay
    • , Meinrad Abegg
    • , C. Yves Adou Yao
    • , Giorgio Alberti
    • , Angelica Almeyda Zambrano
    • , Esteban Alvarez-Davila
    • , Patricia Alvarez-Loayza
    • , Luciana F. Alves
    • , Christian Ammer
    • , Clara Antón-Fernández
    • , Alejandro Araujo-Murakami
    • , Luzmila Arroyo
    • , Valerio Avitabile
    • , Gerardo Aymard
    • , Timothy Baker
    • , Radomir Bałazy
    • , Olaf Banki
    • , Jorcely Barroso
    • , Meredith Bastian
    • , Jean-Francois Bastin
    • , Luca Birigazzi
    • , Philippe Birnbaum
    • , Robert Bitariho
    • , Pascal Boeckx
    • , Frans Bongers
    • , Olivier Bouriaud
    • , Pedro H. S. Brancalion
    • , Susanne Brandl
    • , Francis Q. Brearley
    • , Roel Brienen
    • , Eben Broadbent
    • , Helge Bruelheide
    • , Filippo Bussotti
    • , Roberto Cazzolla Gatti
    • , Ricardo Cesar
    • , Goran Cesljar
    • , Robin Chazdon
    • , Han Y. H. Chen
    • , Chelsea Chisholm
    • , Emil Cienciala
    • , Connie J. Clark
    • , David Clark
    • , Gabriel Colletta
    • , Richard Condit
    • , David Coomes
    • , Fernando Cornejo Valverde
    • , Jose J. Corral-Rivas
    • , Philip Crim
    • , Jonathan Cumming
    • , Selvadurai Dayanandan
    • , André L. de Gasper
    • , Mathieu Decuyper
    • , Géraldine Derroire
    • , Ben DeVries
    • , Ilija Djordjevic
    • , Amaral Iêda
    • , Aurélie Dourdain
    • , Nestor Laurier Engone Obiang
    • , Brian Enquist
    • , Teresa Eyre
    • , Adandé Belarmain Fandohan
    • , Tom M. Fayle
    • , Ted R. Feldpausch
    • , Leena Finér
    • , Markus Fischer
    • , Christine Fletcher
    • , Jonas Fridman
    • , Lorenzo Frizzera
    • , Javier G. P. Gamarra
    • , Damiano Gianelle
    • , Henry B. Glick
    • , David Harris
    • , Andrew Hector
    • , Andreas Hemp
    • , Geerten Hengeveld
    • , John Herbohn
    • , Martin Herold
    • , Annika Hillers
    • , Eurídice N. Honorio Coronado
    • , Markus Huber
    • , Cang Hui
    • , Hyunkook Cho
    • , Thomas Ibanez
    • , Ilbin Jung
    • , Nobuo Imai
    • , Andrzej M. Jagodzinski
    • , Bogdan Jaroszewicz
    • , Vivian Johannsen
    • , Carlos A. Joly
    • , Tommaso Jucker
    • , Viktor Karminov
    • , Kuswata Kartawinata
    • , Elizabeth Kearsley
    • , David Kenfack
    • , Deborah Kennard
    • , Sebastian Kepfer-Rojas
    • , Gunnar Keppel
    • , Mohammed Latif Khan
    • , Timothy Killeen
    • , Hyun Seok Kim
    • , Kanehiro Kitayama
    • , Michael Köhl
    • , Henn Korjus
    • , Florian Kraxner
    • , Diana Laarmann
    • , Mait Lang
    • , Simon Lewis
    • , Huicui Lu
    • , Natalia Lukina
    • , Brian Maitner
    • , Yadvinder Malhi
    • , Eric Marcon
    • , Beatriz Schwantes Marimon
    • , Ben Hur Marimon-Junior
    • , Andrew Robert Marshall
    • , Emanuel Martin
    • , Olga Martynenko
    • , Jorge A. Meave
    • , Omar Melo-Cruz
    • , Casimiro Mendoza
    • , Cory Merow
    • , Abel Monteagudo Mendoza
    • , Vanessa Moreno
    • , Sharif A. Mukul
    • , Philip Mundhenk
    • , Maria G. Nava-Miranda
    • , David Neill
    • , Victor Neldner
    • , Radovan Nevenic
    • , Michael Ngugi
    • , Pascal Niklaus
    • , Jacek Oleksyn
    • , Petr Ontikov
    • , Edgar Ortiz-Malavasi
    • , Yude Pan
    • , Alain Paquette
    • , Alexander Parada-Gutierrez
    • , Elena Parfenova
    • , Minjee Park
    • , Marc Parren
    • , Narayanaswamy Parthasarathy
    • , Pablo L. Peri
    • , Sebastian Pfautsch
    • , Oliver Phillips
    • , Maria Teresa Piedade
    • , Daniel Piotto
    • , Nigel C. A. Pitman
    • , Irina Polo
    • , Lourens Poorter
    • , Axel Dalberg Poulsen
    • , John R. Poulsen
    • , Hans Pretzsch
    • , Freddy Ramirez Arevalo
    • , Zorayda Restrepo-Correa
    • , Mirco Rodeghiero
    • , Samir Rolim
    • , Anand Roopsind
    • , Francesco Rovero
    • , Ervan Rutishauser
    • , Purabi Saikia
    • , Philippe Saner
    • , Peter Schall
    • , Mart-Jan Schelhaas
    • , Dmitry Schepaschenko
    • , Michael Scherer-Lorenzen
    • , Bernhard Schmid
    • , Jochen Schöngart
    • , Eric Searle
    • , Vladimír Seben
    • , Josep M. Serra-Diaz
    • , Christian Salas-Eljatib
    • , Douglas Sheil
    • , Anatoly Shvidenko
    • , Javier Silva-Espejo
    • , Marcos Silveira
    • , James Singh
    • , Plinio Sist
    • , Ferry Slik
    • , Bonaventure Sonké
    • , Alexandre F. Souza
    • , Krzysztof Stereńczak
    • , Jens-Christian Svenning
    • , Miroslav Svoboda
    • , Natalia Targhetta
    • , Nadja Tchebakova
    • , Hans ter Steege
    • , Raquel Thomas
    • , Elena Tikhonova
    • , Peter Umunay
    • , Vladimir Usoltsev
    • , Fernando Valladares
    • , Fons van der Plas
    • , Tran Van Do
    • , Rodolfo Vasquez Martinez
    • , Hans Verbeeck
    • , Helder Viana
    • , Simone Vieira
    • , Klaus von Gadow
    • , Hua-Feng Wang
    • , James Watson
    • , Bertil Westerlund
    • , Susan Wiser
    • , Florian Wittmann
    • , Verginia Wortel
    • , Roderick Zagt
    • , Tomasz Zawila-Niedzwiecki
    • , Zhi-Xin Zhu
    •  & Irie Casimir Zo-Bi
  • Letter |

    Disruption of the CARMA1–BCL10–MALT1 (CBM) signalosome causes Treg cells to produce IFNγ and develop dominant anti-tumour activity in synergy with anti-PD-1 treatment, and in the absence of autoimmunity.

    • Mauro Di Pilato
    • , Edward Y. Kim
    • , Bruno L. Cadilha
    • , Jasper N. Prüßmann
    • , Mazen N. Nasrallah
    • , Davide Seruggia
    • , Shariq M. Usmani
    • , Sandra Misale
    • , Valentina Zappulli
    • , Esteban Carrizosa
    • , Vinidhra Mani
    • , Matteo Ligorio
    • , Ross D. Warner
    • , Benjamin D. Medoff
    • , Francesco Marangoni
    • , Alexandra-Chloe Villani
    •  & Thorsten R. Mempel
  • Letter |

    The formation of Bermuda sampled a previously unknown mantle reservoir that is characterized by silica-undersaturated melts enriched in volatiles and by a unique lead isotopic signature, which suggests that the source is young.

    • Sarah E. Mazza
    • , Esteban Gazel
    • , Michael Bizimis
    • , Robert Moucha
    • , Paul Béguelin
    • , Elizabeth A. Johnson
    • , Ryan J. McAleer
    •  & Alexander V. Sobolev
  • Letter |

    Hypoxia in the shoot meristem of Arabidopsis links the regulation of metabolic activity to development by inhibiting proteolysis of a substrate of the N-degron pathway, which controls class-III homeodomain-leucine zipper transcription factors.

    • Daan A. Weits
    • , Alicja B. Kunkowska
    • , Nicholas C. W. Kamps
    • , Katharina M. S. Portz
    • , Niko K. Packbier
    • , Zoe Nemec Venza
    • , Christophe Gaillochet
    • , Jan U. Lohmann
    • , Ole Pedersen
    • , Joost T. van Dongen
    •  & Francesco Licausi
  • Letter |

    A screen of 23 transcriptional cofactors for their ability to activate 72,000 candidate core promoters in Drosophila melanogaster identified distinct compatibility groups, providing insight into mechanisms that underlie the selective activation of transcriptional programs.

    • Vanja Haberle
    • , Cosmas D. Arnold
    • , Michaela Pagani
    • , Martina Rath
    • , Katharina Schernhuber
    •  & Alexander Stark
  • Letter |

    Antenna-enhanced terahertz pulses ballistically switch spins in antiferromagnetic TmFeO3 with minimal energy dissipation between metastable minima of the anisotropy potential, as characterized by unique temporal and spectral fingerprints.

    • S. Schlauderer
    • , C. Lange
    • , S. Baierl
    • , T. Ebnet
    • , C. P. Schmid
    • , D. C. Valovcin
    • , A. K. Zvezdin
    • , A. V. Kimel
    • , R. V. Mikhaylovskiy
    •  & R. Huber
  • Letter |

    A single-cell approach is used to follow the heritable stochastic changes to DNA methylation that occur in primary chronic lymphocytic leukaemia and healthy B cells, allowing the tracing of cell lineage histories and evolution during treatment with ibrutinib.

    • Federico Gaiti
    • , Ronan Chaligne
    • , Hongcang Gu
    • , Ryan M. Brand
    • , Steven Kothen-Hill
    • , Rafael C. Schulman
    • , Kirill Grigorev
    • , Davide Risso
    • , Kyu-Tae Kim
    • , Alessandro Pastore
    • , Kevin Y. Huang
    • , Alicia Alonso
    • , Caroline Sheridan
    • , Nathaniel D. Omans
    • , Evan Biederstedt
    • , Kendell Clement
    • , Lili Wang
    • , Joshua A. Felsenfeld
    • , Erica B. Bhavsar
    • , Martin J. Aryee
    • , John N. Allan
    • , Richard Furman
    • , Andreas Gnirke
    • , Catherine J. Wu
    • , Alexander Meissner
    •  & Dan A. Landau
  • Letter |

    Initial spectral observations by China’s Chang’E-4 far-side lunar rover suggest the presence of materials that may originate from the Moon’s mantle.

    • Chunlai Li
    • , Dawei Liu
    • , Bin Liu
    • , Xin Ren
    • , Jianjun Liu
    • , Zhiping He
    • , Wei Zuo
    • , Xingguo Zeng
    • , Rui Xu
    • , Xu Tan
    • , Xiaoxia Zhang
    • , Wangli Chen
    • , Rong Shu
    • , Weibin Wen
    • , Yan Su
    • , Hongbo Zhang
    •  & Ziyuan Ouyang
  • Letter |

    An array of superconducting qubits in an open one-dimensional waveguide is precisely controlled to create an artificial quantum cavity–atom system that reaches the strong-coupling regime without substantial decoherence.

    • Mohammad Mirhosseini
    • , Eunjong Kim
    • , Xueyue Zhang
    • , Alp Sipahigil
    • , Paul B. Dieterle
    • , Andrew J. Keller
    • , Ana Asenjo-Garcia
    • , Darrick E. Chang
    •  & Oskar Painter
  • Letter |

    Lineage tracing, biophysical modelling and intestinal transplantation approaches are used to demonstrate that, in the mouse fetal intestinal epithelium, cells are highly plastic with respect to cellular identity and, independent of LGR5 expression and cell position, can contribute to the adult stem cell compartment.

    • Jordi Guiu
    • , Edouard Hannezo
    • , Shiro Yui
    • , Samuel Demharter
    • , Svetlana Ulyanchenko
    • , Martti Maimets
    • , Anne Jørgensen
    • , Signe Perlman
    • , Lene Lundvall
    • , Linn Salto Mamsen
    • , Agnete Larsen
    • , Rasmus H. Olesen
    • , Claus Yding Andersen
    • , Lea Langhoff Thuesen
    • , Kristine Juul Hare
    • , Tune H. Pers
    • , Konstantin Khodosevich
    • , Benjamin D. Simons
    •  & Kim B. Jensen
  • Letter |

    Two-qubit logic gates in a silicon-based system are shown (using randomized benchmarking) to have high gate fidelities of operation and are used to generate Bell states, a step towards solid-state quantum computation.

    • W. Huang
    • , C. H. Yang
    • , K. W. Chan
    • , T. Tanttu
    • , B. Hensen
    • , R. C. C. Leon
    • , M. A. Fogarty
    • , J. C. C. Hwang
    • , F. E. Hudson
    • , K. M. Itoh
    • , A. Morello
    • , A. Laucht
    •  & A. S. Dzurak
  • Letter |

    The authors identify a role for genome architecture reorganization in anterior dorsal cerebellar vermis granule neurons in learning a conditioned startle paradigm in mice.

    • Tomoko Yamada
    • , Yue Yang
    • , Pamela Valnegri
    • , Ivan Juric
    • , Armen Abnousi
    • , Kelly H. Markwalter
    • , Arden N. Guthrie
    • , Abigail Godec
    • , Anna Oldenborg
    • , Ming Hu
    • , Timothy E. Holy
    •  & Azad Bonni
  • Letter |

    The atomic structure of H2O is documented at several million atmospheres of pressure and temperatures of several thousand degrees, revealing shockwave-induced ultrafast crystallization and a novel water ice phase, ice XVIII, with exotic superionic properties.

    • Marius Millot
    • , Federica Coppari
    • , J. Ryan Rygg
    • , Antonio Correa Barrios
    • , Sebastien Hamel
    • , Damian C. Swift
    •  & Jon H. Eggert
  • Letter |

    A rare type of supernova—triggered by the collapse of a rapidly rotating single star—could have provided more than 80 per cent of the r-process elements in the Universe.

    • Daniel M. Siegel
    • , Jennifer Barnes
    •  & Brian D. Metzger
  • Letter | | open

    Contrary to the view that urbanization is a major driver of the global rise in obesity, the global increase in body-mass index is shown to be mostly due to increases in the body-mass indexes of rural populations.

    • Honor Bixby
    • , James Bentham
    • , Bin Zhou
    • , Mariachiara Di Cesare
    • , Christopher J. Paciorek
    • , James E. Bennett
    • , Cristina Taddei
    • , Gretchen A. Stevens
    • , Andrea Rodriguez-Martinez
    • , Rodrigo M. Carrillo-Larco
    • , Young-Ho Khang
    • , Maroje Sorić
    • , Edward W. Gregg
    • , J. Jaime Miranda
    • , Zulfiqar A. Bhutta
    • , Stefan Savin
    • , Marisa K. Sophiea
    • , Maria L. C. Iurilli
    • , Bethlehem D. Solomon
    • , Melanie J. Cowan
    • , Leanne M. Riley
    • , Goodarz Danaei
    • , Pascal Bovet
    • , Adela Chirita-Emandi
    • , Ian R. Hambleton
    • , Alison J. Hayes
    • , Nayu Ikeda
    • , Andre P. Kengne
    • , Avula Laxmaiah
    • , Yanping Li
    • , Stephen T. McGarvey
    • , Aya Mostafa
    • , Martin Neovius
    • , Gregor Starc
    • , Ahmad A. Zainuddin
    • , Leandra Abarca-Gómez
    • , Ziad A. Abdeen
    • , Shynar Abdrakhmanova
    • , Suhaila Abdul Ghaffar
    • , Zargar Abdul Hamid
    • , Jamila Abubakar Garba
    • , Niveen M. Abu-Rmeileh
    • , Benjamin Acosta-Cazares
    • , Robert J. Adams
    • , Wichai Aekplakorn
    • , Kaosar Afsana
    • , Imelda A. Agdeppa
    • , Carlos A. Aguilar-Salinas
    • , Charles Agyemang
    • , Mohamad Hasnan Ahmad
    • , Noor Ani Ahmad
    • , Naser Ahmadi
    • , Alireza Ahmadvand
    • , Wolfgang Ahrens
    • , Kamel Ajlouni
    • , Fadia AlBuhairan
    • , Shahla AlDhukair
    • , Hazzaa M. Al-Hazzaa
    • , Mohamed M. Ali
    • , Osman Ali
    • , Ala’a Alkerwi
    • , Amani Rashed Al-Othman
    • , Rajaa Al-Raddadi
    • , Mar Alvarez-Pedrerol
    • , Eman Aly
    • , Deepak N. Amarapurkar
    • , Philippe Amouyel
    • , Antoinette Amuzu
    • , Lars Bo Andersen
    • , Sigmund A. Anderssen
    • , Lars H. Ängquist
    • , Ranjit Mohan Anjana
    • , Alireza Ansari-Moghaddam
    • , Hajer Aounallah-Skhiri
    • , Joana Araújo
    • , Inger Ariansen
    • , Tahir Aris
    • , Raphael E. Arku
    • , Nimmathota Arlappa
    • , Krishna K. Aryal
    • , Thor Aspelund
    • , Felix K. Assah
    • , Maria Cecília F. Assunção
    • , May Soe Aung
    • , Juha Auvinen
    • , Mária Avdicová
    • , Ana Azevedo
    • , Fereidoun Azizi
    • , Mehrdad Azmin
    • , Bontha V. Babu
    • , Azli Baharudin
    • , Suhad Bahijri
    • , Jennifer L. Baker
    • , Nagalla Balakrishna
    • , Mohamed Bamoshmoosh
    • , Maciej Banach
    • , Piotr Bandosz
    • , José R. Banegas
    • , Carlo M. Barbagallo
    • , Alberto Barceló
    • , Amina Barkat
    • , Aluisio J. D. Barros
    • , Mauro V. G. Barros
    • , Iqbal Bata
    • , Anwar M. Batieha
    • , Rosangela L. Batista
    • , Zhamilya Battakova
    • , Assembekov Batyrbek
    • , Louise A. Baur
    • , Robert Beaglehole
    • , Silvia Bel-Serrat
    • , Habiba Ben Romdhane
    • , Judith Benedics
    • , Mikhail Benet
    • , Salim Berkinbayev
    • , Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz
    • , Gailute Bernotiene
    • , Heloisa Bettiol
    • , Aroor Bhagyalaxmi
    • , Sumit Bharadwaj
    • , Santosh K. Bhargava
    • , Hongsheng Bi
    • , Yufang Bi
    • , Anna Biehl
    • , Elysée Claude Bika Lele
    • , Mukharram Bikbov
    • , Bihungum Bista
    • , Dusko J. Bjelica
    • , Peter Bjerregaard
    • , Espen Bjertness
    • , Marius B. Bjertness
    • , Cecilia Björkelund
    • , Anneke Blokstra
    • , Simona Bo
    • , Martin Bobak
    • , Lynne M. Boddy
    • , Bernhard O. Boehm
    • , Heiner Boeing
    • , Jose G. Boggia
    • , Carlos P. Boissonnet
    • , Marialaura Bonaccio
    • , Vanina Bongard
    • , Matthias Bopp
    • , Rossana Borchini
    • , Herman Borghs
    • , Lien Braeckevelt
    • , Lutgart Braeckman
    • , Marjolijn C. E. Bragt
    • , Imperia Brajkovich
    • , Francesco Branca
    • , Juergen Breckenkamp
    • , João Breda
    • , Hermann Brenner
    • , Lizzy M. Brewster
    • , Garry R. Brian
    • , Lacramioara Brinduse
    • , Graziella Bruno
    • , H. Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita
    • , Anna Bugge
    • , Marta Buoncristiano
    • , Genc Burazeri
    • , Con Burns
    • , Antonio Cabrera de León
    • , Joseph Cacciottolo
    • , Hui Cai
    • , Tilema Cama
    • , Christine Cameron
    • , José Camolas
    • , Gamze Can
    • , Günay Can
    • , Ana Paula C. Cândido
    • , Felicia Cañete
    • , Mario V. Capanzana
    • , Eduardo Capuano
    • , Vincenzo Capuano
    • , Viviane C. Cardoso
    • , Axel C. Carlsson
    • , Esteban Carmuega
    • , Maria J. Carvalho
    • , Felipe F. Casanueva
    • , Juan-Pablo Casas
    • , Carmelo A. Caserta
    • , Ertugrul Celikcan
    • , Laura Censi
    • , Juraci A. Cesar
    • , Snehalatha Chamukuttan
    • , Angelique W. Chan
    • , Queenie Chan
    • , Himanshu K. Chaturvedi
    • , Nishi Chaturvedi
    • , Norsyamlina Che Abdul Rahim
    • , Chien-Jen Chen
    • , Fangfang Chen
    • , Huashuai Chen
    • , Shuohua Chen
    • , Zhengming Chen
    • , Ching-Yu Cheng
    • , Yiling J. Cheng
    • , Angela Chetrit
    • , Ekaterina Chikova-Iscener
    • , Arnaud Chiolero
    • , Shu-Ti Chiou
    • , María-Dolores Chirlaque
    • , Belong Cho
    • , Yumi Cho
    • , Kaare Christensen
    • , Diego G. Christofaro
    • , Jerzy Chudek
    • , Renata Cifkova
    • , Michelle Cilia
    • , Eliza Cinteza
    • , Frank Claessens
    • , Janine Clarke
    • , Els Clays
    • , Hans Concin
    • , Susana C. Confortin
    • , Cyrus Cooper
    • , Tara C. Coppinger
    • , Simona Costanzo
    • , Dominique Cottel
    • , Chris Cowell
    • , Cora L. Craig
    • , Amelia C. Crampin
    • , Ana B. Crujeiras
    • , Juan J. Cruz
    • , Alexandra Cucu
    • , Liufu Cui
    • , Jean Dallongeville
    • , Albertino Damasceno
    • , Camilla T. Damsgaard
    • , Rachel Dankner
    • , Thomas M. Dantoft
    • , Graziella D’Arrigo
    • , Parasmani Dasgupta
    • , Saeed Dastgiri
    • , Luc Dauchet
    • , Kairat Davletov
    • , Guy De Backer
    • , Dirk De Bacquer
    • , Amalia De Curtis
    • , Giovanni de Gaetano
    • , Stefaan De Henauw
    • , Paula Duarte de Oliveira
    • , Karin De Ridder
    • , Susanne R. de Rooij
    • , Delphine De Smedt
    • , Mohan Deepa
    • , Alexander D. Deev
    • , Abbas Dehghan
    • , Hélène Delisle
    • , Francis Delpeuch
    • , Elaine Dennison
    • , Valérie Deschamps
    • , Klodian Dhana
    • , Meghnath Dhimal
    • , Augusto F. Di Castelnuovo
    • , Juvenal Soares Dias-da-Costa
    • , Alejandro Diaz
    • , Zivka Dika
    • , Shirin Djalalinia
    • , Ha T. P. Do
    • , Annette J. Dobson
    • , Maria Benedetta Donati
    • , Chiara Donfrancesco
    • , Silvana P. Donoso
    • , Angela Döring
    • , Maria Dorobantu
    • , Ahmad Reza Dorosty
    • , Eleonora d’Orsi
    • , Kouamelan Doua
    • , Wojciech Drygas
    • , Jia Li Duan
    • , Charmaine A. Duante
    • , Rosemary B. Duda
    • , Vesselka Duleva
    • , Virginija Dulskiene
    • , Samuel C. Dumith
    • , Vilnis Dzerve
    • , Elzbieta Dziankowska-Zaborszczyk
    • , Ricky Eddie
    • , Eruke E. Egbagbe
    • , Robert Eggertsen
    • , Gabriele Eiben
    • , Ulf Ekelund
    • , Jalila El Ati
    • , Denise Eldemire-Shearer
    • , Marie Eliasen
    • , Paul Elliott
    • , Reina Engle-Stone
    • , Rajiv T. Erasmus
    • , Cihangir Erem
    • , Louise Eriksen
    • , Johan G. Eriksson
    • , Jorge Escobedo-de la Peña
    • , Alun Evans
    • , David Faeh
    • , Caroline H. Fall
    • , Victoria Farrugia Sant’Angelo
    • , Farshad Farzadfar
    • , Mohammad R. Fattahi
    • , Francisco J. Felix-Redondo
    • , Trevor S. Ferguson
    • , Romulo A. Fernandes
    • , Daniel Fernández-Bergés
    • , Daniel Ferrante
    • , Marika Ferrari
    • , Catterina Ferreccio
    • , Eldridge Ferrer
    • , Jean Ferrieres
    • , Anna Fijalkowska
    • , Günther Fink
    • , Krista Fischer
    • , Eric Monterubio Flores
    • , Bernhard Föger
    • , Leng Huat Foo
    • , Ann-Sofie Forslund
    • , Maria Forsner
    • , Heba M. Fouad
    • , Damian K. Francis
    • , Maria do Carmo Franco
    • , Oscar H. Franco
    • , Guillermo Frontera
    • , Flavio D. Fuchs
    • , Sandra C. Fuchs
    • , Yuki Fujita
    • , Takuro Furusawa
    • , Zbigniew Gaciong
    • , Mihai Gafencu
    • , Daniela Galeone
    • , Fabio Galvano
    • , Jingli Gao
    • , Manoli Garcia-de-la-Hera
    • , Dickman Gareta
    • , Sarah P. Garnett
    • , Jean-Michel Gaspoz
    • , Magda Gasull
    • , Louise Gates
    • , Andrea Gazzinelli
    • , Harald Geiger
    • , Johanna M. Geleijnse
    • , Ali Ghanbari
    • , Erfan Ghasemi
    • , Anoosheh Ghasemian
    • , Oana-Florentina Gheorghe-Fronea
    • , Simona Giampaoli
    • , Francesco Gianfagna
    • , Tiffany K. Gill
    • , Jonathan Giovannelli
    • , Glen Gironella
    • , Aleksander Giwercman
    • , Justyna Godos
    • , Sibel Gogen
    • , Rebecca A. Goldsmith
    • , David Goltzman
    • , Helen Gonçalves
    • , Angel R. Gonzalez
    • , David A. Gonzalez-Chica
    • , Marcela Gonzalez-Gross
    • , Margot González-Leon
    • , Juan P. González-Rivas
    • , María-Elena González-Villalpando
    • , Frederic Gottrand
    • , Antonio Pedro Graça
    • , Sidsel Graff-Iversen
    • , Dušan Grafnetter
    • , Aneta Grajda
    • , Maria G. Grammatikopoulou
    • , Ronald D. Gregor
    • , Tomasz Grodzicki
    • , Anders Grøntved
    • , Giuseppe Grosso
    • , Gabriella Gruden
    • , Dongfeng Gu
    • , Emanuela Gualdi-Russo
    • , Elias F. Gudmundsson
    • , Vilmundur Gudnason
    • , Ramiro Guerrero
    • , Idris Guessous
    • , Andre L. Guimaraes
    • , Martin C. Gulliford
    • , Johanna Gunnlaugsdottir
    • , Marc Gunter
    • , Xiuhua Guo
    • , Yin Guo
    • , Prakash C. Gupta
    • , Rajeev Gupta
    • , Oye Gureje
    • , Beata Gurzkowska
    • , Laura Gutierrez
    • , Felix Gutzwiller
    • , Farzad Hadaegh
    • , Charalambos A. Hadjigeorgiou
    • , Rosa Haghshenas
    • , Jytte Halkjær
    • , Rebecca Hardy
    • , Rachakulla Hari Kumar
    • , Maria Hassapidou
    • , Jun Hata
    • , Teresa Haugsgjerd
    • , Jiang He
    • , Yuna He
    • , Regina Heidinger-Felso
    • , Mirjam Heinen
    • , Tatjana Hejgaard
    • , Marleen Elisabeth Hendriks
    • , Ana Henriques
    • , Leticia Hernandez Cadena
    • , Sauli Herrala
    • , Victor M. Herrera
    • , Isabelle Herter-Aeberli
    • , Ramin Heshmat
    • , Allan G. Hill
    • , Sai Yin Ho
    • , Suzanne C. Ho
    • , Michael Hobbs
    • , Albert Hofman
    • , Wilma M. Hopman
    • , Andrea R. V. R. Horimoto
    • , Claudia M. Hormiga
    • , Bernardo L. Horta
    • , Leila Houti
    • , Christina Howitt
    • , Thein Thein Htay
    • , Aung Soe Htet
    • , Maung Maung Than Htike
    • , Yonghua Hu
    • , José María Huerta
    • , Ilpo Tapani Huhtaniemi
    • , Constanta Huidumac Petrescu
    • , Martijn Huisman
    • , Abdullatif Husseini
    • , Chinh Nguyen Huu
    • , Inge Huybrechts
    • , Nahla Hwalla
    • , Jolanda Hyska
    • , Licia Iacoviello
    • , Jesús M. Ibarluzea
    • , Mohsen M. Ibrahim
    • , Norazizah Ibrahim Wong
    • , M. Arfan Ikram
    • , Vilma E. Irazola
    • , Takafumi Ishida
    • , Muhammad Islam
    • , Aziz al-Safi Ismail
    • , Vanja Ivkovic
    • , Masanori Iwasaki
    • , Tuija Jääskeläinen
    • , Rod T. Jackson
    • , Jeremy M. Jacobs
    • , Hashem Jaddou
    • , Tazeen Jafar
    • , Kenneth James
    • , Kazi M. Jamil
    • , Konrad Jamrozik
    • , Imre Janszky
    • , Edward Janus
    • , Juel Jarani
    • , Marjo-Riitta Jarvelin
    • , Grazyna Jasienska
    • , Ana Jelakovic
    • , Bojan Jelakovic
    • , Garry Jennings
    • , Seung-lyeal Jeong
    • , Chao Qiang Jiang
    • , Ramon O. Jimenez
    • , Michel Joffres
    • , Mattias Johansson
    • , Jari J. Jokelainen
    • , Jost B. Jonas
    • , Torben Jørgensen
    • , Pradeep Joshi
    • , Dragana P. Jovic
    • , Jacek Józwiak
    • , Anne Juolevi
    • , Gregor Jurak
    • , Vesna Juresa
    • , Rudolf Kaaks
    • , Anthony Kafatos
    • , Eero O. Kajantie
    • , Ofra Kalter-Leibovici
    • , Nor Azmi Kamaruddin
    • , Yves Kameli
    • , Efthymios Kapantais
    • , Khem B. Karki
    • , Amir Kasaeian
    • , Marzieh Katibeh
    • , Joanne Katz
    • , Peter T. Katzmarzyk
    • , Jussi Kauhanen
    • , Prabhdeep Kaur
    • , Maryam Kavousi
    • , Gyulli Kazakbaeva
    • , Ulrich Keil
    • , Lital Keinan-Boker
    • , Sirkka Keinänen-Kiukaanniemi
    • , Roya Kelishadi
    • , Cecily Kelleher
    • , Han C. G. Kemper
    • , Alina Kerimkulova
    • , Mathilde Kersting
    • , Timothy Key
    • , Yousef Saleh Khader
    • , Davood Khalili
    • , Mohammad Khateeb
    • , Kay-Tee Khaw
    • , Bahareh Kheiri
    • , Alireza Khosravi
    • , Ilse M. S. L. Khouw
    • , Stefan Kiechl
    • , Ursula Kiechl-Kohlendorfer
    • , Japhet Killewo
    • , Jeongseon Kim
    • , Yeon-Yong Kim
    • , Jeannette Klimont
    • , Jurate Klumbiene
    • , Michael Knoflach
    • , Bhawesh Koirala
    • , Elin Kolle
    • , Patrick Kolsteren
    • , Jürgen König
    • , Raija Korpelainen
    • , Paul Korrovits
    • , Magdalena Korzycka
    • , Seppo Koskinen
    • , Katsuyasu Kouda
    • , Viktoria A. Kovacs
    • , Sudhir Kowlessur
    • , Slawomir Koziel
    • , Wolfgang Kratzer
    • , Susi Kriemler
    • , Peter Lund Kristensen
    • , Steinar Krokstad
    • , Daan Kromhout
    • , Herculina S. Kruger
    • , Ruzena Kubinova
    • , Renata Kuciene
    • , Diana Kuh
    • , Urho M. Kujala
    • , Enisa Kujundzic
    • , Zbigniew Kulaga
    • , R. Krishna Kumar
    • , Marie Kunešová
    • , Pawel Kurjata
    • , Yadlapalli S. Kusuma
    • , Kari Kuulasmaa
    • , Catherine Kyobutungi
    • , Quang Ngoc La
    • , Fatima Zahra Laamiri
    • , Tiina Laatikainen
    • , Carl Lachat
    • , Youcef Laid
    • , Tai Hing Lam
    • , Maja Lang Morovic
    • , Vera Lanska
    • , Georg Lappas
    • , Bagher Larijani
    • , Tint Swe Latt
    • , Lars E. Laugsand
    • , Laura Lauria
    • , Maria Lazo-Porras
    • , Khanh Le Nguyen Bao
    • , Agnès Le Port
    • , Tuyen D. Le
    • , Jeannette Lee
    • , Jeonghee Lee
    • , Paul H. Lee
    • , Terho Lehtimäki
    • , Daniel Lemogoum
    • , Naomi S. Levitt
    • , Christa L. Lilly
    • , Wei-Yen Lim
    • , M. Fernanda Lima-Costa
    • , Hsien-Ho Lin
    • , Xu Lin
    • , Lars Lind
    • , Allan Linneberg
    • , Lauren Lissner
    • , Mieczyslaw Litwin
    • , Jing Liu
    • , Helle-Mai Loit
    • , Luis Lopes
    • , Tania Lopez
    • , Esther López-García
    • , Roberto Lorbeer
    • , Paulo A. Lotufo
    • , José Eugenio Lozano
    • , Dalia Luksiene
    • , Annamari Lundqvist
    • , Robert Lundqvist
    • , Nuno Lunet
    • , Per Lytsy
    • , Guansheng Ma
    • , Jun Ma
    • , George L. L. Machado-Coelho
    • , Aristides M. Machado-Rodrigues
    • , Suka Machi
    • , Stefania Maggi
    • , Dianna J. Magliano
    • , Emmanuella Magriplis
    • , Bernard Maire
    • , Marjeta Majer
    • , Marcia Makdisse
    • , Fatemeh Malekzadeh
    • , Reza Malekzadeh
    • , Rahul Malhotra
    • , Sofia Malyutina
    • , Lynell V. Maniego
    • , Yannis Manios
    • , Jim I. Mann
    • , Enzo Manzato
    • , Paula Margozzini
    • , Anastasia Markaki
    • , Oonagh Markey
    • , Eliza Markidou Ioannidou
    • , Larissa Pruner Marques
    • , Pedro Marques-Vidal
    • , Jaume Marrugat
    • , Rosemarie Martin
    • , Yves Martin-Prevel
    • , Reynaldo Martorell
    • , Eva Martos
    • , Stefano Marventano
    • , Shariq R. Masoodi
    • , Ellisiv B. Mathiesen
    • , Prashant Mathur
    • , Alicia Matijasevich
    • , Tandi E. Matsha
    • , Artur Mazur
    • , Jean Claude N. Mbanya
    • , Shelly R. McFarlane
    • , Martin McKee
    • , Stela McLachlan
    • , Rachael M. McLean
    • , Scott B. McLean
    • , Breige A. McNulty
    • , Safiah Md Yusof
    • , Sounnia Mediene-Benchekor
    • , Jurate Medzioniene
    • , Parinaz Mehdipour
    • , Aline Meirhaeghe
    • , Jørgen Meisfjord
    • , Christa Meisinger
    • , Ana Maria B. Menezes
    • , Geetha R. Menon
    • , Gert B. M. Mensink
    • , Alibek Mereke
    • , Indrapal I. Meshram
    • , Andres Metspalu
    • , Haakon E. Meyer
    • , Jie Mi
    • , Kim F. Michaelsen
    • , Nathalie Michels
    • , Kairit Mikkel
    • , Jody C. Miller
    • , Cláudia S. Minderico
    • , Juan Francisco Miquel
    • , Daphne Mirkopoulou
    • , Erkin Mirrakhimov
    • , Marjeta Misigoj-Durakovic
    • , Antonio Mistretta
    • , Veronica Mocanu
    • , Pietro A. Modesti
    • , Sahar Saeeidi Moghaddam
    • , Bahram Mohajer
    • , Mostafa K. Mohamed
    • , Kazem Mohammad
    • , Noushin Mohammadifard
    • , Viswanathan Mohan
    • , Salim Mohanna
    • , Muhammad Fadhli Mohd Yusoff
    • , Farnam Mohebi
    • , Marie Moitry
    • , Drude Molbo
    • , Line T. Møllehave
    • , Niels C. Møller
    • , Dénes Molnár
    • , Amirabbas Momenan
    • , Charles K. Mondo
    • , Eric A. Monterrubio
    • , Kotsedi Daniel K. Monyeki
    • , Jin Soo Moon
    • , Leila B. Moreira
    • , Alain Morejon
    • , Luis A. Moreno
    • , Karen Morgan
    • , Suzanne Morin
    • , Erik Lykke Mortensen
    • , George Moschonis
    • , Malgorzata Mossakowska
    • , Jorge Mota
    • , Anabela Mota-Pinto
    • , Mohammad Esmaeel Motlagh
    • , Jorge Motta
    • , Kelias P. Msyamboza
    • , Thet Thet Mu
    • , Magdalena Muc
    • , Boban Mugoša
    • , Maria Lorenza Muiesan
    • , Parvina Mukhtorova
    • , Martina Müller-Nurasyid
    • , Neil Murphy
    • , Jaakko Mursu
    • , Elaine M. Murtagh
    • , Sanja Music Milanovic
    • , Vera Musil
    • , Iraj Nabipour
    • , Shohreh Naderimagham
    • , Gabriele Nagel
    • , Balkish M. Naidu
    • , Harunobu Nakamura
    • , Jana Námešná
    • , Ei Ei K. Nang
    • , Vinay B. Nangia
    • , Martin Nankap
    • , Sameer Narake
    • , Paola Nardone
    • , Matthias Nauck
    • , Eva Maria Navarrete-Muñoz
    • , William A. Neal
    • , Keiu Nelis
    • , Liis Nelis
    • , Ilona Nenko
    • , Flavio Nervi
    • , Chung T. Nguyen
    • , Nguyen D. Nguyen
    • , Quang Ngoc Nguyen
    • , Ramfis E. Nieto-Martínez
    • , Guang Ning
    • , Toshiharu Ninomiya
    • , Sania Nishtar
    • , Marianna Noale
    • , Oscar A. Noboa
    • , Teresa Norat
    • , Sawada Norie
    • , Davide Noto
    • , Mohannad Al Nsour
    • , Eha Nurk
    • , Moffat Nyirenda
    • , Galina Obreja
    • , Angélica M. Ochoa-Avilés
    • , Eiji Oda
    • , Kyungwon Oh
    • , Kumiko Ohara
    • , Ryutaro Ohtsuka
    • , Örn Olafsson
    • , Maria Teresa Anselmo Olinto
    • , Isabel O. Oliveira
    • , Maciej Oltarzewski
    • , Mohd Azahadi Omar
    • , Altan Onat
    • , Terence W. O’Neill
    • , Sok King Ong
    • , Lariane M. Ono
    • , Pedro Ordunez
    • , Dermot O’Reilly
    • , Rui Ornelas
    • , Ana P. Ortiz
    • , Pedro J. Ortiz
    • , Merete Osler
    • , Clive Osmond
    • , Sergej M. Ostojic
    • , Afshin Ostovar
    • , Johanna A. Otero
    • , Kim Overvad
    • , Ellis Owusu-Dabo
    • , Fred Michel Paccaud
    • , Cristina Padez
    • , Ioannis Pagkalos
    • , Elena Pahomova
    • , Andrzej Pająk
    • , Domenico Palli
    • , Alberto Palloni
    • , Luigi Palmieri
    • , Wen-Harn Pan
    • , Songhomitra Panda-Jonas
    • , Arvind Pandey
    • , Francesco Panza
    • , Dimitrios Papandreou
    • , Soon-Woo Park
    • , Winsome R. Parnell
    • , Mahboubeh Parsaeian
    • , Ionela M. Pascanu
    • , Nikhil D. Patel
    • , Ivan Pecin
    • , Mangesh S. Pednekar
    • , Nasheeta Peer
    • , Sergio Viana Peixoto
    • , Markku Peltonen
    • , Alexandre C. Pereira
    • , Cynthia M. Pérez
    • , Napoleon Perez-Farinos
    • , Annette Peters
    • , Astrid Petersmann
    • , Janina Petkeviciene
    • , Ausra Petrauskiene
    • , Niloofar Peykari
    • , Son Thai Pham
    • , Daniela Pierannunzio
    • , Iris Pigeot
    • , Hynek Pikhart
    • , Aida Pilav
    • , Lorenza Pilotto
    • , Francesco Pistelli
    • , Freda Pitakaka
    • , Aleksandra Piwonska
    • , Pedro Plans-Rubió
    • , Bee Koon Poh
    • , Hermann Pohlabeln
    • , Raluca M. Pop
    • , Stevo R. Popovic
    • , Miquel Porta
    • , Marileen L. P. Portegies
    • , Georg Posch
    • , Dimitrios Poulimeneas
    • , Hamed Pouraram
    • , Akram Pourshams
    • , Hossein Poustchi
    • , Rajendra Pradeepa
    • , Alison J. Price
    • , Jacqueline F. Price
    • , Jardena J. Puder
    • , Iveta Pudule
    • , Soile E. Puhakka
    • , Maria Puiu
    • , Margus Punab
    • , Radwan F. Qasrawi
    • , Mostafa Qorbani
    • , Tran Quoc Bao
    • , Madhari S. Radhika
    • , Ivana Radic
    • , Ricardas Radisauskas
    • , Mahfuzar Rahman
    • , Mahmudur Rahman
    • , Olli Raitakari
    • , Manu Raj
    • , Hemalatha Rajkumar
    • , Sherali Rakhmatulloev
    • , Sudha Ramachandra Rao
    • , Ambady Ramachandran
    • , Jacqueline Ramke
    • , Elisabete Ramos
    • , Rafel Ramos
    • , Lekhraj Rampal
    • , Sanjay Rampal
    • , Kodavanti Mallikharjuna Rao
    • , Ramon A. Rascon-Pacheco
    • , Mette Rasmussen
    • , Josep Redon
    • , Paul Ferdinand M. Reganit
    • , Valéria Regecová
    • , Luis Revilla
    • , Lourdes Ribas-Barba
    • , Robespierre Ribeiro
    • , Elio Riboli
    • , Fernando Rigo
    • , Natascia Rinaldo
    • , Tobias F. Rinke de Wit
    • , Ana Rito
    • , Raphael M. Ritti-Dias
    • , Juan A. Rivera
    • , Cynthia Robitaille
    • , Daniela Rodrigues
    • , Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo
    • , María del Cristo Rodriguez-Perez
    • , Laura A. Rodríguez-Villamizar
    • , Rosalba Rojas-Martinez
    • , Nipa Rojroongwasinkul
    • , Dora Romaguera
    • , Annika Rosengren
    • , Ian Rouse
    • , Joel G. R. Roy
    • , Adolfo Rubinstein
    • , Frank J. Rühli
    • , Jean-Bernard Ruidavets
    • , Emma Ruiz Moreno
    • , Blanca Sandra Ruiz-Betancourt
    • , Paola Russo
    • , Petra Rust
    • , Marcin Rutkowski
    • , Charumathi Sabanayagam
    • , Harshpal S. Sachdev
    • , Saeid Safiri
    • , Olfa Saidi
    • , Benoit Salanave
    • , Eduardo Salazar-Martinez
    • , Diego Salmerón
    • , Veikko Salomaa
    • , Jukka T. Salonen
    • , Massimo Salvetti
    • , Jose Sánchez-Abanto
    • , Sandjaja
    • , Susana Sans
    • , Loreto Santa-Marina
    • , Diana A. Santos
    • , Ina S. Santos
    • , Osvaldo Santos
    • , Rute Santos
    • , Sara Santos Sanz
    • , Jouko L. Saramies
    • , Luis B. Sardinha
    • , Nizal Sarrafzadegan
    • , Kai-Uwe Saum
    • , Savvas Savva
    • , Mathilde Savy
    • , Marcia Scazufca
    • , Angelika Schaffrath Rosario
    • , Herman Schargrodsky
    • , Anja Schienkiewitz
    • , Karin Schindler
    • , Sabine Schipf
    • , Carsten O. Schmidt
    • , Ida Maria Schmidt
    • , Ben Schöttker
    • , Constance Schultsz
    • , Aletta E. Schutte
    • , Sylvain Sebert
    • , Aye Aye Sein
    • , Rusidah Selamat
    • , Vedrana Sember
    • , Abhijit Sen
    • , Idowu O. Senbanjo
    • , Sadaf G. Sepanlou
    • , Victor Sequera
    • , Luis Serra-Majem
    • , Jennifer Servais
    • , Svetlana A. Shalnova
    • , Sanjib K. Sharma
    • , Jonathan E. Shaw
    • , Lela Shengelia
    • , Kenji Shibuya
    • , Hana Shimizu-Furusawa
    • , Dong Wook Shin
    • , Youchan Shin
    • , Alfonso Siani
    • , Rosalynn Siantar
    • , Abla M. Sibai
    • , Antonio M. Silva
    • , Diego Augusto Santos Silva
    • , Mary Simon
    • , Judith Simons
    • , Leon A. Simons
    • , Khairil Si-Ramlee
    • , Agneta Sjöberg
    • , Michael Sjöström
    • , Jolanta Slowikowska-Hilczer
    • , Przemyslaw Slusarczyk
    • , Liam Smeeth
    • , Marieke B. Snijder
    • , Hung-Kwan So
    • , Eugène Sobngwi
    • , Stefan Söderberg
    • , Moesijanti Y. E. Soekatri
    • , Agustinus Soemantri
    • , Vincenzo Solfrizzi
    • , Emily Sonestedt
    • , Yi Song
    • , Thorkild I. A. Sørensen
    • , Charles Sossa Jérome
    • , Aïcha Soumaré
    • , Angela Spinelli
    • , Igor Spiroski
    • , Jan A. Staessen
    • , Hanspeter Stamm
    • , Maria G. Stathopoulou
    • , Kaspar Staub
    • , Bill Stavreski
    • , Jostein Steene-Johannessen
    • , Peter Stehle
    • , Aryeh D. Stein
    • , George S. Stergiou
    • , Jochanan Stessman
    • , Doris Stöckl
    • , Tanja Stocks
    • , Jakub Stokwiszewski
    • , Gareth Stratton
    • , Karien Stronks
    • , Maria Wany Strufaldi
    • , Lela Sturua
    • , Ramón Suárez-Medina
    • , Chien-An Sun
    • , Johan Sundström
    • , Yn-Tz Sung
    • , Jordi Sunyer
    • , Paibul Suriyawongpaisal
    • , Boyd A. Swinburn
    • , Rody G. Sy
    • , René Charles Sylva
    • , Lucjan Szponar
    • , E. Shyong Tai
    • , Mari-Liis Tammesoo
    • , Abdonas Tamosiunas
    • , Eng Joo Tan
    • , Xun Tang
    • , Frank Tanser
    • , Yong Tao
    • , Mohammed Rasoul Tarawneh
    • , Jakob Tarp
    • , Carolina B. Tarqui-Mamani
    • , Radka Taxová Braunerová
    • , Anne Taylor
    • , Félicité Tchibindat
    • , William R. Tebar
    • , Grethe Tell
    • , Tania Tello
    • , Holger Theobald
    • , Xenophon Theodoridis
    • , Lutgarde Thijs
    • , Betina H. Thuesen
    • , Lubica Tichá
    • , Erik J. Timmermans
    • , Anne Tjonneland
    • , Hanna K. Tolonen
    • , Janne S. Tolstrup
    • , Murat Topbas
    • , Roman Topór-Madry
    • , María José Tormo
    • , Michael J. Tornaritis
    • , Maties Torrent
    • , Stefania Toselli
    • , Pierre Traissac
    • , Dimitrios Trichopoulos
    • , Antonia Trichopoulou
    • , Oanh T. H. Trinh
    • , Atul Trivedi
    • , Yu-Hsiang Tsao
    • , Lechaba Tshepo
    • , Maria Tsigga
    • , Shoichiro Tsugane
    • , Marshall K. Tulloch-Reid
    • , Fikru Tullu
    • , Tomi-Pekka Tuomainen
    • , Jaakko Tuomilehto
    • , Maria L. Turley
    • , Per Tynelius
    • , Themistoklis Tzotzas
    • , Christophe Tzourio
    • , Peter Ueda
    • , Eunice E. Ugel
    • , Flora A. M. Ukoli
    • , Hanno Ulmer
    • , Belgin Unal
    • , Hannu M. T. Uusitalo
    • , Justina Vaitkeviciute
    • , Gonzalo Valdivia
    • , Susana Vale
    • , Damaskini Valvi
    • , Yvonne T. van der Schouw
    • , Koen Van Herck
    • , Hoang Van Minh
    • , Lenie van Rossem
    • , Natasja M. Van Schoor
    • , Irene G. M. van Valkengoed
    • , Dirk Vanderschueren
    • , Diego Vanuzzo
    • , Gregorio Varela-Moreiras
    • , Patricia Varona-Pérez
    • , Lars Vatten
    • , Tomas Vega
    • , Toomas Veidebaum
    • , Gustavo Velasquez-Melendez
    • , Biruta Velika
    • , Giovanni Veronesi
    • , W. M. Monique Verschuren
    • , Cesar G. Victora
    • , Giovanni Viegi
    • , Lucie Viet
    • , Paolo Vineis
    • , Jesus Vioque
    • , Jyrki K. Virtanen
    • , Marjolein Visser
    • , Sophie Visvikis-Siest
    • , Bharathi Viswanathan
    • , Tiina Vlasoff
    • , Peter Vollenweider
    • , Henry Völzke
    • , Ari Voutilainen
    • , Sari Voutilainen
    • , Martine Vrijheid
    • , Tanja G. M. Vrijkotte
    • , Alisha N. Wade
    • , Aline Wagner
    • , Thomas Waldhör
    • , Janette Walton
    • , Wan Mohamad Wan Bebakar
    • , Wan Nazaimoon Wan Mohamud
    • , Rildo S. Wanderley Jr
    • , Ming-Dong Wang
    • , Qian Wang
    • , Xiangjun Wang
    • , Ya Xing Wang
    • , Ying-Wei Wang
    • , S. Goya Wannamethee
    • , Nicholas Wareham
    • , Adelheid Weber
    • , Deepa Weerasekera
    • , Daniel Weghuber
    • , Wenbin Wei
    • , Peter H. Whincup
    • , Kurt Widhalm
    • , Indah S. Widyahening
    • , Andrzej Wiecek
    • , Alet H. Wijga
    • , Rainford J. Wilks
    • , Johann Willeit
    • , Peter Willeit
    • , Tom Wilsgaard
    • , Bogdan Wojtyniak
    • , Jyh Eiin Wong
    • , Tien Yin Wong
    • , Roy A. Wong-McClure
    • , Jean Woo
    • , Mark Woodward
    • , Frederick C. Wu
    • , Jianfeng Wu
    • , Shouling Wu
    • , Haiquan Xu
    • , Liang Xu
    • , Uruwan Yamborisut
    • , Weili Yan
    • , Ling Yang
    • , Xiaoguang Yang
    • , Yang Yang
    • , Nazan Yardim
    • , Mehdi Yaseri
    • , Xingwang Ye
    • , Panayiotis K. Yiallouros
    • , Agneta Yngve
    • , Moein Yoosefi
    • , Akihiro Yoshihara
    • , Qi Sheng You
    • , San-Lin You
    • , Novie O. Younger-Coleman
    • , Ahmad Faudzi Yusoff
    • , Luciana Zaccagni
    • , Vassilis Zafiropulos
    • , Farhad Zamani
    • , Sabina Zambon
    • , Antonis Zampelas
    • , Hana Zamrazilová
    • , Maria Elisa Zapata
    • , Ko Ko Zaw
    • , Tomasz Zdrojewski
    • , Tajana Zeljkovic Vrkic
    • , Yi Zeng
    • , Dong Zhao
    • , Wenhua Zhao
    • , Wei Zheng
    • , Yingfeng Zheng
    • , Bekbolat Zholdin
    • , Maigeng Zhou
    • , Dan Zhu
    • , Baurzhan Zhussupov
    • , Esther Zimmermann
    • , Julio Zuñiga Cisneros
    •  & Majid Ezzati
  • Letter |

    MicroRNAs delivered by adeno-associated viral vectors improve global and regional contractility, increase muscle mass and reduce scar size in a porcine model of myocardial infarction.

    • Khatia Gabisonia
    • , Giulia Prosdocimo
    • , Giovanni Donato Aquaro
    • , Lucia Carlucci
    • , Lorena Zentilin
    • , Ilaria Secco
    • , Hashim Ali
    • , Luca Braga
    • , Nikoloz Gorgodze
    • , Fabio Bernini
    • , Silvia Burchielli
    • , Chiara Collesi
    • , Lorenzo Zandonà
    • , Gianfranco Sinagra
    • , Marcello Piacenti
    • , Serena Zacchigna
    • , Rossana Bussani
    • , Fabio A. Recchia
    •  & Mauro Giacca
  • Letter |

    A common aneuploidy gene-expression signature is identified in yeast that is suggestive of hypo-osmotic stress, and which leads to cells that exhibit increased plasma-membrane stress and impaired endocytosis.

    • Hung-Ji Tsai
    • , Anjali R. Nelliat
    • , Mohammad Ikbal Choudhury
    • , Andrei Kucharavy
    • , William D. Bradford
    • , Malcolm E. Cook
    • , Jisoo Kim
    • , Devin B. Mair
    • , Sean X. Sun
    • , Michael C. Schatz
    •  & Rong Li
  • Letter |

    Composite cathodes created by anionic redox reactions of bromine and chlorine intercalated into graphite, combined with water-in-salt electrolyte and graphite anodes, provide aqueous lithium-ion batteries with improved energy density.

    • Chongyin Yang
    • , Ji Chen
    • , Xiao Ji
    • , Travis P. Pollard
    • , Xujie Lü
    • , Cheng-Jun Sun
    • , Singyuk Hou
    • , Qi Liu
    • , Cunming Liu
    • , Tingting Qing
    • , Yingqi Wang
    • , Oleg Borodin
    • , Yang Ren
    • , Kang Xu
    •  & Chunsheng Wang
  • Letter |

    The mechanical behaviour of gold nanojunctions is investigated at the atomic scale using tuning-fork atomic-force microscopy, revealing a fluidic state at high strains with signatures of viscous-like dissipation and capillary-like adhesion.

    • Jean Comtet
    • , Antoine Lainé
    • , Antoine Niguès
    • , Lydéric Bocquet
    •  & Alessandro Siria
  • Letter |

    An artificial protein cage is readily assembled by metal ion coordination and disassembled by reducing agents, and displays excellent chemical and thermal stability.

    • Ali D. Malay
    • , Naoyuki Miyazaki
    • , Artur Biela
    • , Soumyananda Chakraborti
    • , Karolina Majsterkiewicz
    • , Izabela Stupka
    • , Craig S. Kaplan
    • , Agnieszka Kowalczyk
    • , Bernard M. A. G. Piette
    • , Georg K. A. Hochberg
    • , Di Wu
    • , Tomasz P. Wrobel
    • , Adam Fineberg
    • , Manish S. Kushwah
    • , Mitja Kelemen
    • , Primož Vavpetič
    • , Primož Pelicon
    • , Philipp Kukura
    • , Justin L. P. Benesch
    • , Kenji Iwasaki
    •  & Jonathan G. Heddle
  • Letter |

    Evidence of the three-dimensional quantum Hall effect and a magnetic-field-driven quantum phase transition are observed in zirconium pentatelluride crystals.

    • Fangdong Tang
    • , Yafei Ren
    • , Peipei Wang
    • , Ruidan Zhong
    • , John Schneeloch
    • , Shengyuan A. Yang
    • , Kun Yang
    • , Patrick A. Lee
    • , Genda Gu
    • , Zhenhua Qiao
    •  & Liyuan Zhang
  • Letter |

    A continuous, multi-century record of subarctic Atlantic marine productivity shows that a marked decline in net primary productivity has occurred across the subarctic Atlantic basin over the past two centuries.

    • Matthew B. Osman
    • , Sarah B. Das
    • , Luke D. Trusel
    • , Matthew J. Evans
    • , Hubertus Fischer
    • , Mackenzie M. Grieman
    • , Sepp Kipfstuhl
    • , Joseph R. McConnell
    •  & Eric S. Saltzman
  • Letter |

    Interferon-γ induces ferroptotic cell death in tumours by suppressing cystine uptake and promoting lipid peroxidation.

    • Weimin Wang
    • , Michael Green
    • , Jae Eun Choi
    • , Miguel Gijón
    • , Paul D. Kennedy
    • , Jeffrey K. Johnson
    • , Peng Liao
    • , Xueting Lang
    • , Ilona Kryczek
    • , Amanda Sell
    • , Houjun Xia
    • , Jiajia Zhou
    • , Gaopeng Li
    • , Jing Li
    • , Wei Li
    • , Shuang Wei
    • , Linda Vatan
    • , Hongjuan Zhang
    • , Wojciech Szeliga
    • , Wei Gu
    • , Rebecca Liu
    • , Theodore S. Lawrence
    • , Candice Lamb
    • , Yuri Tanno
    • , Marcin Cieslik
    • , Everett Stone
    • , George Georgiou
    • , Timothy A. Chan
    • , Arul Chinnaiyan
    •  & Weiping Zou
  • Letter |

    Histone H4 is released from neutrophil extracellular traps and induces membrane lysis in vascular smooth muscle cells, leading to the destabilization of atherosclerotic plaques.

    • Carlos Silvestre-Roig
    • , Quinte Braster
    • , Kanin Wichapong
    • , Ernest Y. Lee
    • , Jean Marie Teulon
    • , Nihel Berrebeh
    • , Janine Winter
    • , José M. Adrover
    • , Giancarlo Santiago Santos
    • , Alexander Froese
    • , Patricia Lemnitzer
    • , Almudena Ortega-Gómez
    • , Raphael Chevre
    • , Julian Marschner
    • , Ariane Schumski
    • , Carla Winter
    • , Laura Perez-Olivares
    • , Chang Pan
    • , Nicole Paulin
    • , Tom Schoufour
    • , Helene Hartwig
    • , Silvia González-Ramos
    • , Frits Kamp
    • , Remco T. A. Megens
    • , Kerri A. Mowen
    • , Matthias Gunzer
    • , Lars Maegdefessel
    • , Tilman Hackeng
    • , Esther Lutgens
    • , Mat Daemen
    • , Julia von Blume
    • , Hans-Joachim Anders
    • , Viacheslav O. Nikolaev
    • , Jean-Luc Pellequer
    • , Christian Weber
    • , Andrés Hidalgo
    • , Gerry A. F. Nicolaes
    • , Gerard C. L. Wong
    •  & Oliver Soehnlein
  • Letter |

    Bulk metallic glasses made from alloys of iridium, nickel, tantalum and boron are developed by combinatorial methods, with higher strength at high temperature than those previously produced.

    • Ming-Xing Li
    • , Shao-Fan Zhao
    • , Zhen Lu
    • , Akihiko Hirata
    • , Ping Wen
    • , Hai-Yang Bai
    • , MingWei Chen
    • , Jan Schroers
    • , YanHui Liu
    •  & Wei-Hua Wang
  • Letter |

    A genetic screen for factors required by the Arabidopsis RNA-binding protein FCA identifies FLL2 as necessary in the formation of FCA nuclear bodies, and thus a role for FLL2 in liquid–liquid phase separation.

    • Xiaofeng Fang
    • , Liang Wang
    • , Ryo Ishikawa
    • , Yaoxi Li
    • , Marc Fiedler
    • , Fuquan Liu
    • , Grant Calder
    • , Beth Rowan
    • , Detlef Weigel
    • , Pilong Li
    •  & Caroline Dean
  • Letter |

    Loss of RB promotes both malignant progression and the development of metastatic disease; however, whereas reactivation of the RB pathway can revert metastatic tumour cell states to non-metastatic cell states, malignant cell proliferation is supported by MAPK–CDK2-dependent suppression of RB.

    • David M. Walter
    • , Travis J. Yates
    • , Miguel Ruiz-Torres
    • , Caroline Kim-Kiselak
    • , A. Andrea Gudiel
    • , Charuhas Deshpande
    • , Walter Z. Wang
    • , Michelle Cicchini
    • , Kate L. Stokes
    • , John W. Tobias
    • , Elizabeth Buza
    •  & David M. Feldser
  • Letter |

    In mice, prophylactic administration of TNF inhibitors mitigates some of the immune-related adverse effects of immune checkpoint blockade treatment, and also improves to some extent the anti-tumour effect of this immunotherapy.

    • Elisabeth Perez-Ruiz
    • , Luna Minute
    • , Itziar Otano
    • , Maite Alvarez
    • , Maria Carmen Ochoa
    • , Virginia Belsue
    • , Carlos de Andrea
    • , Maria Esperanza Rodriguez-Ruiz
    • , Jose Luis Perez-Gracia
    • , Ivan Marquez-Rodas
    • , Casilda Llacer
    • , Martina Alvarez
    • , Vanesa de Luque
    • , Carmen Molina
    • , Alvaro Teijeira
    • , Pedro Berraondo
    •  & Ignacio Melero
  • Letter |

    Fossil evidence indicates that Denisovans occupied the Tibetan Plateau in the Middle Pleistocene epoch and successfully adapted to this high-altitude hypoxic environments long before the regional arrival of modern Homo sapiens.

    • Fahu Chen
    • , Frido Welker
    • , Chuan-Chou Shen
    • , Shara E. Bailey
    • , Inga Bergmann
    • , Simon Davis
    • , Huan Xia
    • , Hui Wang
    • , Roman Fischer
    • , Sarah E. Freidline
    • , Tsai-Luen Yu
    • , Matthew M. Skinner
    • , Stefanie Stelzer
    • , Guangrong Dong
    • , Qiaomei Fu
    • , Guanghui Dong
    • , Jian Wang
    • , Dongju Zhang
    •  & Jean-Jacques Hublin
  • Letter |

    Mott materials feature scale-less relaxation dynamics after the insulator-to-metal transition that make its electric triggering dependent on recent switching events.

    • Javier del Valle
    • , Pavel Salev
    • , Federico Tesler
    • , Nicolás M. Vargas
    • , Yoav Kalcheim
    • , Paul Wang
    • , Juan Trastoy
    • , Min-Han Lee
    • , George Kassabian
    • , Juan Gabriel Ramírez
    • , Marcelo J. Rozenberg
    •  & Ivan K. Schuller
  • Letter |

    An algal TET dioxygenase homologue, CMD1, uses vitamin C as a glycerol donor to modify 5-methylcytosine and helps to regulate gene transcription in response to high light levels.

    • Jian-Huang Xue
    • , Guo-Dong Chen
    • , Fuhua Hao
    • , Hui Chen
    • , Zhaoyuan Fang
    • , Fang-Fang Chen
    • , Bo Pang
    • , Qing-Lin Yang
    • , Xinben Wei
    • , Qiang-Qiang Fan
    • , Changpeng Xin
    • , Jiaohong Zhao
    • , Xuan Deng
    • , Bang-An Wang
    • , Xiao-Jie Zhang
    • , Yueying Chu
    • , Hui Tang
    • , Huiyong Yin
    • , Weimin Ma
    • , Luonan Chen
    • , Jianping Ding
    • , Elmar Weinhold
    • , Rahul M. Kohli
    • , Wen Liu
    • , Zheng-Jiang Zhu
    • , Kaiyao Huang
    • , Huiru Tang
    •  & Guo-Liang Xu
  • Letter |

    A combination of improved near-infrared voltage indicators, high-speed microscopes and targeted gene expression schemes enabled simultaneous in vivo optogenetic control and recording of voltage dynamics in multiple neurons in the hippocampus of behaving mice.

    • Yoav Adam
    • , Jeong J. Kim
    • , Shan Lou
    • , Yongxin Zhao
    • , Michael E. Xie
    • , Daan Brinks
    • , Hao Wu
    • , Mohammed A. Mostajo-Radji
    • , Simon Kheifets
    • , Vicente Parot
    • , Selmaan Chettih
    • , Katherine J. Williams
    • , Benjamin Gmeiner
    • , Samouil L. Farhi
    • , Linda Madisen
    • , E. Kelly Buchanan
    • , Ian Kinsella
    • , Ding Zhou
    • , Liam Paninski
    • , Christopher D. Harvey
    • , Hongkui Zeng
    • , Paola Arlotta
    • , Robert E. Campbell
    •  & Adam E. Cohen