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Read our March issue

Nature Sustainability will publish significant original research from a broad range of natural, social and engineering fields about sustainability, its policy dimensions and possible solutions.

Latest Research

  • Article |

    An analysis of dietary changes in China and their environmental impact between 1997 and 2011 reveals distinct trends between rural and urban areas, and an overall increase in greenhouse gas emissions, water consumption and land appropriation, driven mainly by the increase of meat consumption.

    • Pan He
    • , Giovanni Baiocchi
    • , Klaus Hubacek
    • , Kuishuang Feng
    •  & Yang Yu
  • Analysis |

    A unique dataset of over 550 programmes of Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) worldwide, grouped into water, forest- and land-use carbon, and biodiversity programmes, is used to assess the trends and the current status of such policy instruments.

    • James Salzman
    • , Genevieve Bennett
    • , Nathaniel Carroll
    • , Allie Goldstein
    •  & Michael Jenkins
  • Analysis |

    A curated global dataset of Payments for Environmental Services (PES) reveals that theoretical principles are only partially applied in practice, particularly conditionality, which makes payments underperform.

    • S. Wunder
    • , R. Brouwer
    • , S. Engel
    • , D. Ezzine-de-Blas
    • , R. Muradian
    • , U. Pascual
    •  & R. Pinto
  • Article |

    A framed field experiment in five countries shows that Payments for Ecosystem Services increase forest conservation, that communication contributes to payment effectiveness and that positive effects outlast payments.

    • Krister P. Andersson
    • , Nathan J. Cook
    • , Tara Grillos
    • , Maria Claudia Lopez
    • , Carl F. Salk
    • , Glenn D. Wright
    •  & Esther Mwangi
  • Article |

    Energy-saving innovations, such as fabrics with cooling effects, contribute to sustainability. This study reports the large-scale extrusion of uniform and continuous nanoporous polyethylene microfibres with cotton-like softness for wearable fabrics. The fabric can lower human skin temperature by 2.3 °C with over 20% savings on indoor cooling energy.

    • Yucan Peng
    • , Jun Chen
    • , Alex Y. Song
    • , Peter B. Catrysse
    • , Po-Chun Hsu
    • , Lili Cai
    • , Bofei Liu
    • , Yangying Zhu
    • , Guangmin Zhou
    • , David S. Wu
    • , Hye Ryoung Lee
    • , Shanhui Fan
    •  & Yi Cui

News & Comment

  • News & Views |

    Current global models omit the complex, unpredictable behaviours that socio-environmental systems exhibit. Now researchers have proposed a city- and trade-based integrated model that includes these behaviours and explained its use for food and water security research.

    • Evan G. R. Davies
  • Editorial |

    Giving economic compensation in exchange for securing ecosystem services has gained traction in recent decades. However, debates about the efficacy and ethics of payments abound. To help ensure the effectiveness of these schemes, more care is needed in monitoring environmental outcomes and penalising non-compliance.

  • Q&A |

    Professor Anu Ramaswami of the Advisory Committee on Environmental Research and Education discusses their newly published report about the next generation of sustainable urban systems science with Nature Sustainability.

    • Monica Contestabile