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Nanofibrils in nature and materials engineering

Latest Reviews

  • Review Article |

    Thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) emitters are promising electroluminescent materials for next-generation organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). In this Review, the molecular design, photophysical characteristics and OLEDs composed of small-molecule, dendritic and polymeric TADF emitters are discussed.

    • Yuchao Liu
    • , Chensen Li
    • , Zhongjie Ren
    • , Shouke Yan
    •  & Martin R. Bryce
  • Review Article |

    Nanofibrils are abundant and critical structural components in nature that can be exploited for novel and sustainable materials. In this Review, hierarchical design strategies for cellulose, silk and chitin nanofibrils in nature and in materials engineering are discussed.

    • Shengjie Ling
    • , David L. Kaplan
    •  & Markus J. Buehler
  • Review Article |

    Perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have emerged as a revolutionary class of photovoltaic technology. Here, we review recent progress and challenges in scaling up PSCs towards commercialization. We discuss several areas, including device architectures, deposition methods, scalable deposition of perovskite and charge transport layers, device stability, module-level characterization and techno-economic analyses.

    • Zhen Li
    • , Talysa R. Klein
    • , Dong Hoe Kim
    • , Mengjin Yang
    • , Joseph J. Berry
    • , Maikel F. A. M. van Hest
    •  & Kai Zhu
  • Perspective |

    Sodium-ion batteries are an appealing alternative to lithium-ion batteries because they use raw materials that are less expensive, more abundant and less toxic. The background leading to such promises is carefully assessed in terms of cell and battery production, as well as raw material supply risks, for sodium-ion and modern lithium-ion batteries.

    • Christoph Vaalma
    • , Daniel Buchholz
    • , Marcel Weil
    •  & Stefano Passerini
  • Review Article |

    Carbon nanomaterials have greatly advanced non-volatile memory technology. In this Review, applications of various carbon nanomaterials as memory electrodes, interfacial engineering layers, memory selectors and resistive-switching media are discussed in the context of emerging non-volatile memory devices.

    • Ethan C. Ahn
    • , H.-S. Philip Wong
    •  & Eric Pop
  • Review Article |

    Experimental and computational studies reveal numerous aspects of the molecular and hierarchical structure of spider silk and of its molecular dynamics. In this Review, we discuss the structure–function relationships of spider silk that can be elucidated from these studies and how this knowledge may enable the reverse engineering of spider silk.

    • Jeffery L. Yarger
    • , Brian R. Cherry
    •  & Arjan van der Vaart

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Battery materials and technologies

Lauren V. Robinson