Latest Research

  • Perspective |

    Claessens et al. propose that the two dimensions of political ideology identified by previous research correspond to two key shifts in the evolution of human group living: a shift towards cooperation and a shift towards group conformity.

    • Scott Claessens
    • , Kyle Fischer
    • , Ananish Chaudhuri
    • , Chris G. Sibley
    •  & Quentin D. Atkinson
  • Perspective |

    Many decisions in life involve deliberating about trade-offs between sooner and later outcomes. Bulley and Schacter argue that the mechanisms of prospection and metacognition are integral to deliberation in intertemporal choice.

    • Adam Bulley
    •  & Daniel L. Schacter
  • Article |

    Small, portable artworks have been missing from the archaeological record of the earliest Homo sapiens of Southeast Asia–Australasia. New excavations in Sulawesi have uncovered stone engravings of the natural world dating back to 26–14 ka.

    • Michelle C. Langley
    • , Budianto Hakim
    • , Adhi Agus Oktaviana
    • , Basran Burhan
    • , Iwan Sumantri
    • , Priyatno Hadi Sulistyarto
    • , Rustan Lebe
    • , David McGahan
    •  & Adam Brumm
  • Article |

    Hunter movements have implications for how to control emerging wildlife diseases. In northern Europe, hunter residential densities are more closely linked to human than prey density, hunters are largely migratory, and they aggregate with increasing regional prey densities.

    • Atle Mysterud
    • , Inger M. Rivrud
    • , Vegard Gundersen
    • , Christer M. Rolandsen
    •  & Hildegunn Viljugrein
  • Article |

    Guess, Nyhan and Reifler find that untrustworthy websites made up a small share of people’s information diets before the 2016 US election and were largely consumed by a subset of Americans with strong preferences for pro-attitudinal information.

    • Andrew M. Guess
    • , Brendan Nyhan
    •  & Jason Reifler
  • Article |

    Sznycer and Patrick show that laypeople can intuitively recreate core aspects of criminal laws drawn from ancient, culturally foreign legal codes and argue that this is consistent with the theory that criminal laws originate in the human brain.

    • Daniel Sznycer
    •  & Carlton Patrick
  • Article |

    Malhotra and colleagues find that exposure to the economic benefits associated with the presence of higher socioeconomic status immigrants, such as the receipt of large inflows of foreign capital, can reduce xenophobic and antiforeigner sentiment.

    • Steven Liao
    • , Neil Malhotra
    •  & Benjamin J. Newman
  • Article |

    A previous study reported that conservatives have stronger physiological responses to threatening stimuli than liberals. A new study from the United States (n = 202 and 352) and the Netherlands (n = 81) does not support the conclusions of the original work.

    • Bert N. Bakker
    • , Gijs Schumacher
    • , Claire Gothreau
    •  & Kevin Arceneaux
  • Article |

    Most adolescents exhibit late chronotypes but attend school early in the morning. Goldin et al. show that sleep is longer and academic performance is improved when school time is better aligned with the biological rhythms of students.

    • Andrea P. Goldin
    • , Mariano Sigman
    • , Gisela Braier
    • , Diego A. Golombek
    •  & María J. Leone
  • Article |

    Losin et al. use neuroimaging to identify a brain mechanism underlying increased pain sensitivity in African Americans. This mechanism correlated with racial discrimination and implicated brain systems involved in context-based pain evaluation.

    • Elizabeth A. Reynolds Losin
    • , Choong-Wan Woo
    • , Natalia A. Medina
    • , Jessica R. Andrews-Hanna
    • , Hedwig Eisenbarth
    •  & Tor D. Wager
  • Resource |

    This Resource introduces a new public database that enables researchers to re-analyse a large corpus of studies into meta-cognitive confidence judgements.

    • Dobromir Rahnev
    • , Kobe Desender
    • , Alan L. F. Lee
    • , William T. Adler
    • , David Aguilar-Lleyda
    • , Başak Akdoğan
    • , Polina Arbuzova
    • , Lauren Y. Atlas
    • , Fuat Balcı
    • , Ji Won Bang
    • , Indrit Bègue
    • , Damian P. Birney
    • , Timothy F. Brady
    • , Joshua Calder-Travis
    • , Andrey Chetverikov
    • , Torin K. Clark
    • , Karen Davranche
    • , Rachel N. Denison
    • , Troy C. Dildine
    • , Kit S. Double
    • , Yalçın A. Duyan
    • , Nathan Faivre
    • , Kaitlyn Fallow
    • , Elisa Filevich
    • , Thibault Gajdos
    • , Regan M. Gallagher
    • , Vincent de Gardelle
    • , Sabina Gherman
    • , Nadia Haddara
    • , Marine Hainguerlot
    • , Tzu-Yu Hsu
    • , Xiao Hu
    • , Iñaki Iturrate
    • , Matt Jaquiery
    • , Justin Kantner
    • , Marcin Koculak
    • , Mahiko Konishi
    • , Christina Koß
    • , Peter D. Kvam
    • , Sze Chai Kwok
    • , Maël Lebreton
    • , Karolina M. Lempert
    • , Chien Ming Lo
    • , Liang Luo
    • , Brian Maniscalco
    • , Antonio Martin
    • , Sébastien Massoni
    • , Julian Matthews
    • , Audrey Mazancieux
    • , Daniel M. Merfeld
    • , Denis O’Hora
    • , Eleanor R. Palser
    • , Borysław Paulewicz
    • , Michael Pereira
    • , Caroline Peters
    • , Marios G. Philiastides
    • , Gerit Pfuhl
    • , Fernanda Prieto
    • , Manuel Rausch
    • , Samuel Recht
    • , Gabriel Reyes
    • , Marion Rouault
    • , Jérôme Sackur
    • , Saeedeh Sadeghi
    • , Jason Samaha
    • , Tricia X. F. Seow
    • , Medha Shekhar
    • , Maxine T. Sherman
    • , Marta Siedlecka
    • , Zuzanna Skóra
    • , Chen Song
    • , David Soto
    • , Sai Sun
    • , Jeroen J. A. van Boxtel
    • , Shuo Wang
    • , Christoph T. Weidemann
    • , Gabriel Weindel
    • , Michał Wierzchoń
    • , Xinming Xu
    • , Qun Ye
    • , Jiwon Yeon
    • , Futing Zou
    •  & Ariel Zylberberg
  • Article |

    Using data from 69 countries, Hässler et al. show that intergroup contact and support for social change towards greater equality are positively associated among members of advantaged groups, but negatively associated among disadvantaged groups.

    • Tabea Hässler
    • , Johannes Ullrich
    • , Michelle Bernardino
    • , Nurit Shnabel
    • , Colette Van Laar
    • , Daniel Valdenegro
    • , Simone Sebben
    • , Linda R. Tropp
    • , Emilio Paolo Visintin
    • , Roberto González
    • , Ruth K. Ditlmann
    • , Dominic Abrams
    • , Hema Preya Selvanathan
    • , Marija Branković
    • , Stephen Wright
    • , Jorina von Zimmermann
    • , Michael Pasek
    • , Anna Lisa Aydin
    • , Iris Žeželj
    • , Adrienne Pereira
    • , Nóra Anna Lantos
    • , Mario Sainz
    • , Andreas Glenz
    • , Hana Oberpfalzerová
    • , Michal Bilewicz
    • , Anna Kende
    • , Olga Kuzawinska
    • , Sabine Otten
    • , Edona Maloku
    • , Masi Noor
    • , Pelin Gul
    • , Jessica Pistella
    • , Roberto Baiocco
    • , Margareta Jelic
    • , Evgeny Osin
    • , Orly Bareket
    • , Dinka Corkalo Biruski
    • , Jonathan E. Cook
    • , Maneeza Dawood
    • , Lisa Droogendyk
    • , Angélica Herrera Loyo
    • , Kaltrina Kelmendi
    •  & Luiza Mugnol Ugarte
  • Article |

    Wang et al. combine functional and anatomical connectivity data with behavioural measures to create a global model of the human face connectome, proposing a neurocognitive model with three core face-processing streams.

    • Yin Wang
    • , Athanasia Metoki
    • , David V. Smith
    • , John D. Medaglia
    • , Yinyin Zang
    • , Susan Benear
    • , Haroon Popal
    • , Ying Lin
    •  & Ingrid R. Olson
  • Article |

    How do young learners decide when and how to try in challenging situations? Lucca et al. find that infants dynamically integrate first-hand experience with social information to selectively persist when their hard work is likely to pay off.

    • Kelsey Lucca
    • , Rachel Horton
    •  & Jessica A. Sommerville
  • Article |

    Modern culture appears to change at a rapid rate compared with biological evolution. Lambert et al. test this and find that the pace of modern cultural evolution is surprisingly slow—slower than, for example, changes seen in Darwin’s finches.

    • Ben Lambert
    • , Georgios Kontonatsios
    • , Matthias Mauch
    • , Theodore Kokkoris
    • , Matthew Jockers
    • , Sophia Ananiadou
    •  & Armand M. Leroi
  • Article |

    Matoba et al. performed GWAS on 13 dietary habits in Japanese individuals, identifying ten new associations in eight traits and five dietary-trait-associated loci with pleiotropic effects on multiple human disease and clinical measurements.

    • Nana Matoba
    • , Masato Akiyama
    • , Kazuyoshi Ishigaki
    • , Masahiro Kanai
    • , Atsushi Takahashi
    • , Yukihide Momozawa
    • , Shiro Ikegawa
    • , Masashi Ikeda
    • , Nakao Iwata
    • , Makoto Hirata
    • , Koichi Matsuda
    • , Yoshinori Murakami
    • , Michiaki Kubo
    • , Yoichiro Kamatani
    •  & Yukinori Okada
  • Article |

    Tropical tree and shrub microparticles uncovered from ancient human tooth plaque in Vanuatu show that early colonists were horticulturalists and foragers who adapted to and modified their environments depending on their local ecology and subsistence needs.

    • Monica Tromp
    • , Elizabeth Matisoo-Smith
    • , Rebecca Kinaston
    • , Stuart Bedford
    • , Matthew Spriggs
    •  & Hallie Buckley
  • Article |

    Using administrative data on 4 million citizens from two nations, Richmond-Rakerd et al. find that multiple health and social problems cluster in a population segment with low workforce readiness, including low education and poor early-life mental health.

    • Leah S. Richmond-Rakerd
    • , Stephanie D’Souza
    • , Signe Hald Andersen
    • , Sean Hogan
    • , Renate M. Houts
    • , Richie Poulton
    • , Sandhya Ramrakha
    • , Avshalom Caspi
    • , Barry J. Milne
    •  & Terrie E. Moffitt
  • Article |

    Li et al. show that human value-based decision-making can be modelled using the quantum reinforcement learning framework. These new models reveal the importance of the medial frontal cortex in this quantum-like decision-making process.

    • Ji-An Li
    • , Daoyi Dong
    • , Zhengde Wei
    • , Ying Liu
    • , Yu Pan
    • , Franco Nori
    •  & Xiaochu Zhang
  • Article |

    Stolier et al. find that people apply their learned conceptual associations between personality traits across social perception, from which emerges the common, yet dynamic, structure observed across social cognition (for example, competence and warmth).

    • Ryan M. Stolier
    • , Eric Hehman
    •  & Jonathan B. Freeman
  • Article |

    Balland et al. use data on scientific papers, patents, employment and GDP for 353 metropolitan areas in the United States to show that economic complexity drives the spatial concentration of productive activities in large cities.

    • Pierre-Alexandre Balland
    • , Cristian Jara-Figueroa
    • , Sergio G. Petralia
    • , Mathieu P. A. Steijn
    • , David L. Rigby
    •  & César A. Hidalgo
  • Perspective |

    Sharot and Sunstein propose a framework of information-seeking, whereby individuals decide to seek or avoid information based on combined estimates of the potential impact of information on their action, affect and cognition.

    • Tali Sharot
    •  & Cass R. Sunstein
  • Article |

    The role of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) in decision-making and cognitive control is the subject of a long-standing debate. Vassena et al. tested the dominant accounts in the same paradigm and found that the ACC signals the difference between predicted and actual outcomes.

    • Eliana Vassena
    • , James Deraeve
    •  & William H. Alexander
  • Article |

    Kvarven, Strømland and Johannesson compare meta-analyses to multiple-laboratory replication projects and find that meta-analyses overestimate effect sizes by a factor of almost three. Commonly used methods of adjusting for publication bias do not substantively improve results.

    • Amanda Kvarven
    • , Eirik Strømland
    •  & Magnus Johannesson
  • Author Correction
    | Open Access

    • Balazs Aczel
    • , Barnabas Szaszi
    • , Alexandra Sarafoglou
    • , Zoltan Kekecs
    • , Šimon Kucharský
    • , Daniel Benjamin
    • , Christopher D. Chambers
    • , Agneta Fisher
    • , Andrew Gelman
    • , Morton A. Gernsbacher
    • , John P. Ioannidis
    • , Eric Johnson
    • , Kai Jonas
    • , Stavroula Kousta
    • , Scott O. Lilienfeld
    • , D. Stephen Lindsay
    • , Candice C. Morey
    • , Marcus Munafò
    • , Benjamin R. Newell
    • , Harold Pashler
    • , David R. Shanks
    • , Daniel J. Simons
    • , Jelte M. Wicherts
    • , Dolores Albarracin
    • , Nicole D. Anderson
    • , John Antonakis
    • , Hal R. Arkes
    • , Mitja D. Back
    • , George C. Banks
    • , Christopher Beevers
    • , Andrew A. Bennett
    • , Wiebke Bleidorn
    • , Ty W. Boyer
    • , Cristina Cacciari
    • , Alice S. Carter
    • , Joseph Cesario
    • , Charles Clifton
    • , Ronán M. Conroy
    • , Mike Cortese
    • , Fiammetta Cosci
    • , Nelson Cowan
    • , Jarret Crawford
    • , Eveline A. Crone
    • , John Curtin
    • , Randall Engle
    • , Simon Farrell
    • , Pasco Fearon
    • , Mark Fichman
    • , Willem Frankenhuis
    • , Alexandra M. Freund
    • , M. Gareth Gaskell
    • , Roger Giner-Sorolla
    • , Don P. Green
    • , Robert L. Greene
    • , Lisa L. Harlow
    • , Fernando Hoces de la Guardia
    • , Derek Isaacowitz
    • , Janet Kolodner
    • , Debra Lieberman
    • , Gordon D. Logan
    • , Wendy B. Mendes
    • , Lea Moersdorf
    • , Brendan Nyhan
    • , Jeffrey Pollack
    • , Christopher Sullivan
    • , Simine Vazire
    •  & Eric-Jan Wagenmakers
  • Article |

    The media can shape the collective memory of a nation. A new study reports that the organization of memory traces for World War II events in the brain follows the same structure as the collective memory schema derived from television coverage.

    • Pierre Gagnepain
    • , Thomas Vallée
    • , Serge Heiden
    • , Matthieu Decorde
    • , Jean-Luc Gauvain
    • , Antoine Laurent
    • , Carine Klein-Peschanski
    • , Fausto Viader
    • , Denis Peschanski
    •  & Francis Eustache
  • Article |

    Subtle economic status cues from clothes affect perceived competence from faces even when perceivers are warned that such cues are non-informative or are instructed and incentivized to ignore them. This bias puts low-income individuals at a disadvantage.

    • DongWon Oh
    • , Eldar Shafir
    •  & Alexander Todorov
  • Article |

    Van de Vliert finds that differentiation between ingroups and outgroups co-varies with latitude, but not longitude. Differentiation is highest closer to the equator, and this pattern may be explained by ecological conditions in tropical regions.

    • Evert Van de Vliert
  • Article |

    Scholars have long disagreed about how best to achieve stable national democracy. Ruck et al. show that democratization follows from an intergenerational build-up of democratic cultural values, without which democracy is liable to fail.

    • Damian J. Ruck
    • , Luke J. Matthews
    • , Thanos Kyritsis
    • , Quentin D. Atkinson
    •  & R. Alexander Bentley
  • Article |

    Bellmund et al. use immersive virtual reality combined with successor representation modelling to show that environmental geometry distorts human spatial memory consistent with deformations of grid-cell firing patterns in navigating rodents.

    • Jacob L. S. Bellmund
    • , William de Cothi
    • , Tom A. Ruiter
    • , Matthias Nau
    • , Caswell Barry
    •  & Christian F. Doeller
  • Article |

    Schad et al. find that, during Pavlovian conditioning, model-free striatal reward prediction errors are present in a group of sign-tracking humans, while goal-tracking humans show learning signals from a model-based system instead.

    • Daniel J. Schad
    • , Michael A. Rapp
    • , Maria Garbusow
    • , Stephan Nebe
    • , Miriam Sebold
    • , Elisabeth Obst
    • , Christian Sommer
    • , Lorenz Deserno
    • , Milena Rabovsky
    • , Eva Friedel
    • , Nina Romanczuk-Seiferth
    • , Hans-Ulrich Wittchen
    • , Ulrich S. Zimmermann
    • , Henrik Walter
    • , Philipp Sterzer
    • , Michael N. Smolka
    • , Florian Schlagenhauf
    • , Andreas Heinz
    • , Peter Dayan
    •  & Quentin J. M. Huys
  • Article |

    All anxiety disorders are characterized by sleep disruption. Ben Simon et al. develop a neural framework of sleep-loss-induced anxiety, one that emphasizes NREM sleep as a therapeutic target for anxiety amelioration.

    • Eti Ben Simon
    • , Aubrey Rossi
    • , Allison G. Harvey
    •  & Matthew P. Walker
  • Article |

    Recent accounts of overconfidence suggest it helps individuals reach higher status in groups by making them seem more competent. Lyons et al. show that lobbyists with higher social status (for example, higher income) are more likely to overrate their own success.

    • Benjamin A. Lyons
    • , Amy Melissa McKay
    •  & Jason Reifler
  • Article |

    Using physician stress as a model stressor, Fang et al. demonstrate that the polygenic risk score for major depressive disorder is a stronger predictor of depression under stress than under baseline conditions and may be particularly useful for identifying resilience.

    • Yu Fang
    • , Laura Scott
    • , Peter Song
    • , Margit Burmeister
    •  & Srijan Sen
  • Article |

    When an automated car harms someone, who is blamed by those who hear about it? Over five studies, Awad et al. find that drivers are blamed more than their automated cars when both make mistakes.

    • Edmond Awad
    • , Sydney Levine
    • , Max Kleiman-Weiner
    • , Sohan Dsouza
    • , Joshua B. Tenenbaum
    • , Azim Shariff
    • , Jean-François Bonnefon
    •  & Iyad Rahwan