Browse Articles

  • Comment |

    Early adolescence (age 10–14) is an important window of opportunity to address gender socialization as the basis for health and social justice. This Comment explains why this is the case and provides illustrative examples of existing evidence on strategies to promote gender equitable attitudes in young adolescents.

    • Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli
    • , Marina Plesons
    •  & Avni Amin
  • Review Article |

    Male antisocial behaviour peaks in adolescence and declines later in life. Moffitt reviews recent evidence in support of the hypothesis that the age–crime curve conceals two groups of individuals with different causes.

    • Terrie E. Moffitt
  • Article |

    Using an imagery-perception paradigm, the authors find that imagined speech affects the perceived loudness of sound. They also show that early neural responses correlate with the loudness ratings, even without external stimulation.

    • Xing Tian
    • , Nai Ding
    • , Xiangbin Teng
    • , Fan Bai
    •  & David Poeppel
  • Perspective |

    Studying subtle signals of generosity is important to understand the long term maintenance of human cooperative networks. Certain types of low-cost food sharing among Martu women, for example, may signal commitment and cement cooperative ties.

    • Rebecca Bliege Bird
    • , Elspeth Ready
    •  & Eleanor A. Power
  • Review Article |

    Diener et al. synthesize findings from psychology and economics on subjective well-being across cultures and identify outstanding questions, priorities for future research and pathways to policy implementation.

    • Ed Diener
    • , Shigehiro Oishi
    •  & Louis Tay
  • World View |

    Obesity prevention has emphasized the individual person and created a narrative of blame. But by treating obesity as a socially transmitted disease, we can start to turn the tide of the obesity epidemic, says Tim Lobstein.

    • Tim Lobstein
  • Comment |

    Why isn’t there a strong relation between income and happiness? Why do people avoid or seek self-confirmatory or even false information? Why do they play the lottery and buy insurance? Taking account of belief-based utility can enable economics to make sense of these and a multitude of other puzzling phenomena.

    • George Loewenstein
    •  & Andras Molnar
  • Letter |

    Using fMRI data from healthy controls, the authors construct probabilistic maps of the multiple-demand and language-selective regions in the brain to classify patient lesions. They find that only multiple-demand-weighted lesion volumes predict deficits in fluid intelligence.

    • Alexandra Woolgar
    • , John Duncan
    • , Facundo Manes
    •  & Evelina Fedorenko
  • News & Views |

    With just a handful of modifications to their social networks, individuals and groups can reduce the likelihood that they will be detected by others using standard social network analysis algorithms.

    • Sean F. Everton
  • Article |

    Waniek and colleagues show that individuals and communities can disguise themselves from detection online by standard social network analysis tools through simple changes to their social network connections.

    • Marcin Waniek
    • , Tomasz P. Michalak
    • , Michael J. Wooldridge
    •  & Talal Rahwan
  • Letter |

    The authors exploit a 1972 policy that increased the minimum school leaving age to investigate the causal effects of staying in school on health. Using a large dataset, they find that remaining in school reduces the risk of diabetes and mortality.

    • Neil M. Davies
    • , Matt Dickson
    • , George Davey Smith
    • , Gerard J. van den Berg
    •  & Frank Windmeijer
  • Article |

    Strimling and colleagues develop and empirically test a mathematical model of the 'civilizing process', that is, the tendency of social norms about violence and hygiene to become increasingly strict over time.

    • Pontus Strimling
    • , Mícheál de Barra
    •  & Kimmo Eriksson
  • Editorial |

    Recent updates to the NIH clinical trials policies have caused a heated debate led by affected scientists. By broadening the debate to include diverse stakeholders within and outside the United States, we learn that the steps the NIH takes are in the right direction, but further adjustments are needed to ensure that the policy’s goals are met.

  • Q&A |

    In his capacity as immediate past president of the Federation of Associations of Behavioral and Brain Sciences, Jeremy Wolfe interviews Mike Lauer about the new NIH clinical trials policy. Mike Lauer is NIH’s deputy director for extramural research, serving as the principal scientific leader and advisor to the NIH director on the extramural research programme.

    • Jeremy M. Wolfe
  • News & Views |

    How social norms evolve over time and what affects their evolution are central questions in the literature about norms. A study suggests that over time, hygiene and violence norms have become stricter, because those who prefer strict norms sanction those who prefer loose norms more than sanctioning in the other direction.

    • Ofer H. Azar